Journal on Baltic Security Vol 1, Issue 1, 2015
PUTIN’S RUSSIA AS A REVISIONISTPOWER
Strategic Studies Centre, Moscow
Any foreign policy strategy is based on ambitions, objectives,
apprehensions and values of a state’s leadership. So before addressing
directly the subject of my essay, I am compelled to devote some time to
this political motivation of the Russian leadership’s behaviour.
We all remember the famous Churchill saying: ‘Russia is a riddle
wrapped in a mystery inside an
The rise of China has aroused heated debates on whether the country would become the “revisionist” power in challenging the supreme position of the “status quo” power, the United States. This paper aims to examine whether the rise of China would, firstly, empower Beijing to solve the long-term crisis in the Korean Peninsula, and secondly, complicates the picture in solving the difficult historical and political issues in Sino-Japanese relations. It is argued that the increasing economic and military capabilities of China are not instrumental in fostering significant changes within North Korea and in monitoring the external behavior of its leaders. A more nationalistic China which lacks soft power also hinders a favorable solution to the challenges of Sino-Japanese relations.
://www.cfr.org/membership/individual-membership . James M. Lindsay . Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 14 Sep 2018, https://www.cfr.org/experts/james-m-lindsay . Kotkin, S. Realist World. The Players Change, but the Game Remains . “Foreign Affairs”, no. 97.4 (2018), pp. 10–15. Kroenig, M. The Case for Trump’s Foreign Policy. The Right People, the Right Positions . “Foreign Affairs”, no. 96.3 (2017), pp. 30–34. Lieber, R.J. Retreat and Its Consequences: American Foreign Policy and the Problem of World Order . New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Lind, J. Asia’s Other RevisionistPower. Why US Grand
), “The ‘One Belt, One Road’ Strategy and the ‘321’ Cooperation Mode between China and GCC,” Journal of Sino-Western Communications, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 119-135. MacDonald, A. (2016), “Access, Assurance and Acceptance: Moving beyond the Status-Quo/RevisionistPower Debate in Investigating China’s Emerging Foreign Policy Strategy,” in H. Cao & J. Paltiel (eds.) Facing China as a New Global Superpower: Domestic and International Dynamics from a Multidisciplinary Angle, Singapore: Springer, pp. 171-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-823-6_10 Marketos, T. N. (2009
/or actions. What does one do when an adversary’s actions fail to reach critical thresholds triggering a formal military response? Under what circumstances would the U.S. public support military action prefer to double down on the challenger in response to grey zone activity? What are the methods of choice among military, civilian, and academic experts? In an extended deterrence setting, a revisionistpower is most likely to challenge the status quo by threatening the defender’s protégé. The defender could then decide to defend or abandon the protégé, returning to the
highly probable that political, economic
and military ambitions of any state will be treated as a threat. On the other
hand, liberals may also consider circumstances favorable for the emergence of
a revisionistpower as a threat. For example, threatening can be non-democratic
regimes that seek or may seek in the future to gain more power.
Finally, liberals have a clear strategy for the neutralization of such
threats. The panacea for neutralizing threats is world democratization and
liberalization; in other words, universalization and homogenization of world