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Andrzej Łączak, Anna Bazan-Krzywoszańska, Maria Mrówczyńska and Marta Skiba
The article presents the present situation in terms of energy production from renewable energy sources and perspectives for development, based on research on the existing resources and possibilities of using them. The Lubusz Voivodship is not an important energy producer in Poland. In terms of the amount of energy produced it comes twelfth out of sixteen voivodships. The annual energy production from renewable energy sources is 290,9 GWh, which is 11.6% of the total energy produced. At the end of 2014 there were 73 licensed installations producing electrical energy from renewable energy sources in the Lubusz Voivodship with a total capacity of 189 MW. The largest amount of energy is produced by a pumped storage power plant (91,3 MW). The total capacity of the licensed installations using RES in the Lubusz Voivodship rose from 103 MW in 2007 to about 189 MW in 2014. Research on the existing resources indicates that it is possible to develop RES. Preparations are under way to build 66 new wind farms with a total capacity of 1834 MW , 89 photovoltaic power plants with a total capacity of 468 MW, 21 water power plants with a total capacity of about 60 MW, 54 biogas power plants with a total expected capacity of about 67 MW. The total capacity of the RES installations that are planned to be built by 2023 will be 2469 MW. Therefore, in the coming years the installed capacity of RES installations will increase 13 times in the Lubusz Voivodship. There are still no plans to use the energy of deep geothermal waters due to low profitability.
The everyday use of renewable energy sources is necessary and indispensable in today’s modern world, partly because of the difficult handling of environmental problems caused by the increasing use of fossil energy sources, and partly because of the still increasing energy demand. Concerning alternative energy sources, Hungary has great potential in geothermal energy, which can mean a breakout especially for the peripheral, disadvantaged micro-regions while developing their future strategies. This was the motivation of our research. In our study, we intended to highlight the economic development perspectives of the Hungarian micro-regions lagging behind regarding the renewable energy potential.
Mateusz Sałuch, Marta Siłuch, Daniel Tokarski, Wioletta Żukiewicz-Sobczak and Paweł Sobczak
Subject and purpose of work: the purpose of this article is to present the opportunities for rural development and the benefits of participation in the Regional Operational Program of the Lublin Province for the years 2007-2013, as well as the estimation of the level of satisfaction of the inhabitants of the Rossosz Commune in the Bialski Poviat, Lublin Province, using renewable energy sources co-financed by EU funds. Materials and methods: this work was created with the use of author’s interview questionnaire as the basic research tool. The survey was carried out among the inhabitants of the Rossosz Commune. Results and conclusions: participation in the “Clean Energy in the Zielawy Valley” project contributed to the development of rural areas in the Biała Podlaska Poviat of the Lubelskie Province and it was a fundamental factor enabling the installation of devices using renewable energy. The research shows that the vast majority of respondents appreciated the benefits of renewable energy installations and many of them envisage to make use of the possibility of installing renewable energy devices in the near future.
Māris Balodis, Valērijs Skribans and Poļina Ivanova
Nowadays, energy companies operate in a highly competitive environment. To maintain the leader position, as a reaction to various changes energy companies must take appropriate steps in a timely manner.
Correct assessment of the situation ensures implementation of adequate measures. The situation can be assessed correctly by using a complex approach and/or analysing it according to the specific circumstances. The complex approach also envisages designing of an appropriate model, which studies the impact of changes on the research object, while dealing with the object within a system and as part of the system.
The article gives a theoretical background of the system dynamics model in order to evaluate the impact of integration of renewable energy sources (RES) on the operational efficiency of energy supply facilities (power and heat supply) on the national and regional levels, as well as provides the first modelling results.
Bogdan Kościk, Alina Kowalczyk-Juśko, Renata Borecka and Krzysztof Kielmas
Subject and purpose of work: The work concerns the reduction of greenhouse gas emission thanks to renewable energy sources (RES) utilized in selected municipalities of the Lubelskie Province. The aim of the study was to assess the consistency between the tasks provided in low-emission economy plans (LEEP) and the strategic documents on RES, especially biomass. The investment priorities of municipalities regarding RES and the impact of these investments on the emission of CO2 have been presented.
Materials and methods: The analysis covered 8 LEEPs and programming documents: EU, national and regional ones concerning RES.
Results: EU and Polish policy contribute to the development of RES, including biomass, under the condition that their negative effect on the environment, resulting especially from biomass burning, is limited. Municipalities intend mainly to use solar energy, yet the technologies of biomass they suggest are not always in line with new trends.
Conclusions: Measures limiting the emission of greenhouse gases, including the use of RES, are provided in the analysed LEEPs. However, some municipalities intend to produce energy from biomass, mainly in the process of combustion. As this is not in line with the latest EU recommendations, such plans should then be verified.
Eleonóra Marišová, Zuzana Ilková, Lucia Palšová and Kristína Mandalová
Growing renewable energy plants on agricultural land and its further energy usage presents a significant importance for implementing long-term strategy of Slovakia in the area of acquisition and use of renewable energy sources (RES). Renewable energy plants together fulfil the objectives of Europe 2020 strategy and contributes to diversification of energy resources. The paper draws on the EU and national legislation regulating RES. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC are analysed. Broadly, the topic of the renewable energy resources is integrated in Rural Development Program 2014 - 2020. More specifically, Biomass Action Plan 2008- 2013, Strategy of higher use of the renewable energy resources in Slovakia and Strategy of energy security of Slovakia till 2030 have been adopted. Sustainable use of agricultural land, its management and use, as well as the protection of its quality and functions are regulated by Act No. 220/2004 Coll. on the protection and use of agricultural land and amending the Act no. 245/2003 Coll. on integrated prevention and control of environmental pollution and amending certain acts as amended which came into the force 1. May 2004. Act. No. 57/2013 Coll. with is in effect from 1 April 2013, establishes the principles and procedure for the establishment of plantations of fast-growing trees on agricultural land. Slovak legislation introduced a register for fast-growing trees in Slovak territories at each district office, Land and Forest Department in Slovakia (72). The survey at registers shows that this legislation promoted the farmers to start to use marginal land for fast-growing trees.