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The Relative Age Effect On The Selection In The Slovakia National Football Teams

References 1. AGRICOLA et al., 2012. Age effect v juniorskom tenise . [Age effect in junior tennis] Studia sportiva, Brno: FSpS MU Brno, 6 (2), p. 38-45. ISSN 1802-7679. 2. AUGSTE, C. and M. LAMES, 2011. The relative age effect and success in German elite U-17 soccer teams. Journal of Sports Sciences , 29 (9), page 983-987. 3. BARNSLEY, R. H., A.H. THOMPSON and P.E. BARNSLEY, 1985. Hockey success and birthdate: The relative age effect. Journal of the Canadian Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation , 51, p. 23-28. 4

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The Relative Age Effect on Soccer Players in Formative Stages with Different Sport Expertise Levels

’s advantage over another athlete born in December (relatively younger) ( Arrieta et al., 2015 ). The consequence of this, translated into the tendency to choose the oldest players in each category, is known as the Relative Age Effect (RAE) ( Gil et al., 2014 ). The RAE has been studied in different sports such as hockey (Nolan and Howell, 2010), rugby ( Till et al., 2009 ), volleyball ( Okazaki et al., 2011 ) and especially in soccer ( Gil et al., 2007 ; Sallaoui et al., 2014 ). In soccer, numerous studies focused on the RAE have determined that players born during the

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Relative Age Effect in UEFA Championship Soccer Players

References Augste C, Lames M. The relative age effect and success in German elite U-17 soccer teams. J Sport Sci, 2011; 29(9): 983-987 Baker J, Schorer J, Cobley S. Relative age effects: An inevitable consequence of elite sport? German J of Sport Sci, 2010; 1: 26-30 Barnsley RH, Thompson AH, Legault P. Family planning: Football style. The relative age effect in football. Int Rev for the Soc of Sport, 1992; 27(1): 77-88 Baxter-Jones AD. Growth and development of young athletes: Should competition levels be age related? Sports Med

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The Relative Age Effect in Poland's Elite Youth Soccer Players

Introduction Differences in the biological development of children and adolescents indirectly determine the assessment of predispositions to play a particular sport. When evaluating the potential of a young athlete, his or her skills are compared within a peer group. However, the chronological age of this group can differ by over 11 months. This difference results in players who have both physical and mental advantages over their younger peers, and these youth are consequently selected more frequently, creating the phenomenon known as the relative age effect

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Relative Age Effect and Long-Term Success in the Spanish Soccer and Basketball National Teams

., 2009 , 2011 ; Sherar et al., 2007 ). Moreover, most of the sports include two consecutive years in one category, thus differences are even greater among the players ( Gil et al., 2014 ). The term “relative age” refers to a person’s age relative to his/her peers who were born in the same calendar year ( Gil et al., 2014 ). The consequence of the variations in age within one annual cohort is known as the relative age effect (RAE) ( Wattie et al., 2008 ). RAE has been studied in depth in most team sports, such as hockey ( Nolan and Howell, 2010 ), soccer ( Gil et al

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Relative Age Effect and the Re-Selection of Danish Male Handball Players for National Teams

Introduction In several sports such as senior elite soccer ( Helsen et al., 2012 ), youth basketball ( Delorme and Raspaud, 2009 ), senior elite ice hockey ( Baker and Logan, 2007 ), youth and senior rugby ( Till et al., 2010 ) and youth handball ( Schorer et al., 2013 ), the athletes’ date of birth has been found to be a significant determinant for success. This is the so-called relative age effect (RAE) that refers to the difference of age between individuals in the same age group, which significantly affects the possibility of reaching the elite level

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The Relative Age Effect in Spanish Female Soccer Players. Influence of the Competitive Level and a Playing Position

development. A meta-Analytical review of relative age effects in sport. Sport Med, 2009; 39(3): 235-256 Cobley SP, Schorer J, Baker J. Relative age effects in professional German soccer: A historical analysis. J Sports Sci, 2008; 26(14): 1531-1538 Delorme N, Boiché J, Raspaud M. Relative age effect in female sport: a diachronic examination of soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2010a; 20: 509-515 Delorme N, Boiché J, Raspaud M. Relative age effect in elite sports: Methodological bias or real discrimination. Eur J Sport Sci, 2010b; 10(2): 91

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Talent Selection and Management in View of Relative Age: the Case of Swimming

REFERENCES Albuquerque, M.R., Franchini, E., Lage, G.M., de Paula, J.J., da Costa, V.T., Costa, I.T., & Malloy-Diniz, L.F. (2015). The relative age effect in combat sports: An analysis of Olympic Judo athletes: 1964-2012. Perceptual and Motor Skills . 121(1), 300-308. Baker, J., Cobley, S., & Montelpare, W.J. (2010). Exploring proposed mechanism of the relative age effect in Canadian Minor Hockey. International Journal of Sport Psychology . 41, 148-159. Baker, J. & Logan, A.J. (2007). Developmental contexts and sporting success: Birth date and

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Repeated Sprint Ability in Youth Soccer Players: Independent and Combined Effects of Relative Age and Biological Maturity

Introduction The relative age effect (RAE) refers to the over-representation of players born in the earliest quarter or trimester of the calendar and/or selection year, and is reasonably well established in youth soccer ( Deprez et al., 2012 ; Gil et al., 2014 ; Helsen et al., 2012 ; Wattie et al., 2015 ). The RAE reflects a bias associated with the birth month and corresponds to a substantial difference between observed and expected distributions of soccer players by the birth month ( Gil et al., 2014 ; Helsen et al., 1998 ). A significantly higher

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Research on Relative Age in Hungarian Swimming

REFERENCES Alburquerque, M.R., Lage, G.M., Da Costa, V.T., Ferreira, R.M., Penna, E.M., Albur-Querque, L.C.C., & Fernandes, L. (2012). Relative age effect in Olympic taekwondo athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114(2), 461-468. Augste, C., & Lales, M. (2011). The relative age effect and success in German elite U-17 soccer teams. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(9), 983-987. Barnsley, R.H., Thompson, A.H., & Barnsley, P.E. (1985). Hockey success and birthdate: the relative age effect. CAHPER Journal, 51(8), 23-28. Baxter-Jones, A

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