The aim of involving state members in reforming federal constitutions is to guarantee them the autonomy that they have been constitutionally granted. It also prevents reform from being carried out unilaterally by the central government and means the structure of competences can be modified as necessary. In this study, we will consider how federations manage, to a greater or lesser extent, regional intervention in constitutional reform. However, we will see how recently, in Spain, the anticipated routes for territorial participation in the constitutional text have proved to be clearly insufficient, and have developed into the recent crisis in this ‘State of Autonomies’, which is now facing the breakdown of national unity.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate existing stakeholder participation by region in the FP7, to determine the success of regions in terms of utilization of funds provided by the FP7 and the use of their scientifi c research capacities in human resources, to try to analyze regional differences in access to the FP7 at the regional level and compare the results with previous data on the participation of entities from the Czech Republic in the past FP.
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VISCUSI, W. K., MAGAT, W. A., DREYFUS, M., GENTRY, W., CARLIN, A. (1992
Will EU Cohesion Policy Deliver on the Lisbon Strategy?
John Bachtler and Irene McMaster
experience of sub-regional bodies
Risks of losing expertise at sub-national level
Efficient management of larger partnerships
Range of beneficiaries
Eases administrative burden
Stronger sense of regionalparticipation and ‘ownership’
May limit the participation of some territories or sectors
Must ensure beneficiaries have the capacity to fulfil responsibilities
Source: Bachtler et al (2006), op. cit.
In the new Member States, the increased funding and