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Historical Determinants of Regional Divisions of Georgia and their Implications for Territorial Governance

Abstract

Georgia can be characterised by its turbulent history, centuries-old traditions, and a great ethnic diversity. This makes it necessary to include historical determinants, in addition to geopolitical and economic factors, when making a regional analysis of its territory and contemporary governance issues. Five stages of the development of the present territorial division of Georgia are distinguished. They have been identified by means of an analysis of key events (critical junctures) of significance in the formation of its historical regions. Additionally, their influence at each of the three levels of the current territorial division of independent Georgia is discussed, in particular in the context of territorial governance.

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Towards redefining the regional division of Poland for faunistic studies

Towards redefining the regional division of Poland for faunistic studies

For summaries and inventories of fauna of Poland, especially insects, research professionals and amateurs apply a division of the country into regions that became a functional standard in the 1960s when Catalogus Faunae Poloniae was published. Despite its long tradition in the local entomological literature, this approach should be treated as inadequate and provisional. The present article gives an overview of the roots of the traditional division, discusses its limitations and proposes a new, more precise and informative division, together with a description of the requirements and tools needed for the transition. Based on the "Physico-Geographical Regionalization of Poland" by Kondracki, this proposal redefines the borders of most of the KFP regions and presents a solution compatible with the widely used regionalization system, approved by geographers. In consequence of this direct connection with physical geography, some of the KFP regions have been removed or rearranged and new ones formed. The new system is not meant to be treated as a zoogeographical regionalization; rather, it aims to replace the unclearly defined objects of the old division, facilitating regional comparisons of fauna. Used with appropriate caution, it may also be helpful in analyses involving elements of biogeographical inference that were not justified in the old system.

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The fiftieth anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names

Abstract

On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, the author presents the historical background of the ongoing international cooperation on the unification of toponyms on a global scale. The 1967 conference in Geneva was extremely important in defining the objectives and tasks of the cooperation, setting out the main areas of action (national standardization, geographical terms, spelling systems, international exchange of information) and, through the resolutions adopted at the time, formulating detailed guidelines for standardization procedures. In the past half-century, the global organising of geographic nomenclature – although still incomplete – has gained a universally accepted institutional framework and has produced the expected results. The UNGEGN (United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names) plays a major role in organising the cyclical conferences, sessions, regional division and working group meetings, and toponymy courses, as well as inspiring the creation of unified databases and publications.

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Delimitation of Nodal Regions Based on Transport Flows: Case Study of the Czech Republic

: Towards greater fragmentation of the spatial pattern?). Geografie 117(3): 266-288. Branický M., 1988. Regionálne členenie Slovenskej socialistickej republiky z hladiska dopravy (Regional division of the Slovak Socialist Republic from the transport point of view). In: Holeček M. (ed.), Současný stav a perspektivy dopravní geografie. Geografický Ústav ČSAV, Brno: 104-110. Coombes M., Openshaw S., 1982. The use and definition of travel-to-work areas in Great Britain: some comments. Regional Studies 16(2): 141-149. Christaller

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Travelling to services in the daily urban system of Olomouc

interaction models: formulations and applications, London: Kluwer. Halás, M. and Klapka, P., 2010: Regionalizace Česka z hlediska modelování prostorových interakcí (Regional division of the Czech Republic on the basis of spatial interaction modelling - in Czech). In: Geografie , 115 (2), pp. 144-160. Halás, M., Kladivo, P., Šimáček, P. and Mintálová, T., 2010: Delimitation of micro-regions in the Czech Re public by nodal relations. In: Moravian Geographical Reports , 18 (2), pp. 16-22. Hall, P., 1974: The containment of

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A functional interaction approach to the definition of meso regions: The case of the Czech Republic

-720. GUSTAFSON, G. C. (1973): Numerical Classification Procedures. LARS Symposia. Paper 16. HAGGETT, P. (1965): Locational Analysis in Human Geography. London: Arnold. HALÁS, M., KLAPKA, P. (2010): Regional division of Czechia on the basis of spatial interaction modelling. Geografie, 115(2): 144-160. HALÁS, M., ZUSKÁČOVÁ, V. (2013). Travelling to services in the daily urban system of Olomouc. Bulletin of Geography, Socio-economic Series, 20: 23-41. HALÁS, M., KLAPKA, P., TONEV, P. (2014a): A contribution to human

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The efficiency of areal units in spatial analysis: Assessing the performance of functional and administrative regions

Areas Unit Problem: Final Report [online]. [cit.14.04.2016]. Available at: https://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/MAUP/espon343_maup_final_version2_nov_2006.pdf HAGGETT, P. (1965): Locational Analysis in Human Geography. London, Arnold. HALÁS, M., KLAPKA, P. (2012): Contribution to regional division of Slovakia based on the application of the Reilly’s model. Hungarian geographical bulletin, 61(3): 237-255. HALÁS, M., KLAPKA, P., BEDNÁŘ, M., TONEV

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Evaluation of high-standard public transport centres in the Slovak Republic

, Elsevier Ltd., pp. 31-41. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2008.12.002 Gašparík, J., Dolinayová, A., Mašek, J. and Halás, M., 2012: Objednávanie výkonov vo verejnom záujme v železničnej doprave v SR (Ordering of the railway transport in the public interest in the Slovak Republic - in Slovak). In: Kvizda, M. and Tomeš, Z. editors, Konkurence na železnici - budoucnost pro 21. století nebo destrukce sítě?, Brno: Masaryk University, pp. 15-21. Halás, M. and Klapka, P., 2012: Contribution to regional division of Slovakia based on the

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Contamination of soil and vegetation at a magnesite mining area in Jelšava-Lubeník (Slovakia)

., Barančíková, G., Dodok, R., Hrivňáková, K., Makovníková, J., Mališ, J., Pálka, B., Styk, J. & Širáň M. (2010). Soil monitoring of Slovakia (in Slovak) . Bratislava: VÚPaOP. Mahmood, T. (2010). Review phytoextraction of heavy metals – the process and scope for remediation of contaminated soils. Soil & Environment , 29, 91−109. www.se.org.pk Marhold, K. & Hindák F. (1998). Checklist of non-vascular and vascular plants of Slovakia (in Slovak) . Bratislava: Veda, vydavateľstvo SAV. Mazúr, E. & Lukniš M. (1980). Regional division SSR (in Slovak

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Changes in the rural elementary schools network in Czechia during the second half of the 20th century and its possible impact on rural areas

. 124-149). Praha: Charles University. Czech Statistical Office: Towns and Municipalities in Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.czso.cz/lexikon/mos.nsf/index Obce v číslech 1990. Regional divisions of the Czech Statistical Office 1991. Statistická ročenka školství 2003. Institute for Information on Education Prague. Statistika školství a kultury 1963. Bratislava. Statistický lexikon obcí České republiky 2003. Praha: Czech Statistical

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