Philips, David (ed.), Balkan Human Corridor, Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University, New York, 2016, pp.53-66.
• Information and Communication Needs Assessment, UNHCR, Skopje, April 2016.
• Latifi, V., “The international organizations role in handling the refugeecrisis along the Balkan human corridor” in Philips, David (ed.), Balkan Human Corridor, Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University, New York, 2016, pp.158-170.
• Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe, Regional
. 41–71). Budapest: HAC RCAES Geographical Institute.
Esses, V. M., Hamilton, L. K., & Gaucher, D. (2017). The Global RefugeeCrisis: Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications for Improving Public Attitudes and Facilitating Refugee Resettlement. Social Issues and Policy Review , 11 (1), 78–123. https://doi.org/10.1111/sipr.12028
Esses, V. M., Jackson, L. M., & Armstrong, T. L. (1998). Intergroup Competition and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration: An Instrumental Model of Group Conflict. Journal of Social Issues , 54 (4), 699–724. https
The fact that about 4000 immigrants are placed in Cottbus, situated 192 km from Poznań and 83 km from Zielona Góra, makes us feel it is necessary to analyze modus operandi of the entities legitimizing or delegitimizing the Open Door policy of the Chancellor Angela Merkel. To explain their position, political actors refer to the diverse narratives that Rolf Peter Sieferle classified as: the refugee narrative; a narrative recalling the demographic problem; a narrative referring to problems in the labor market and a lack of qualified employees; a narrative referring to the essence of multiculturalism. Difficulties in absorbing immigrants caused a discussion about fatigue both in political parties and in the media, but they showed the potential of social initiatives and movements, for example the organization “Future of the Fatherland”, led by Hans-Christoph Berndt. His views combined with the statements of Dietmar Woidke, the Prime Minister of Brandenburg, or Jörg Steinbach, the President of the Brandenburg University of Technology, reflect the diversity of the assessment of migration policy in a micro-scale.
The advent and increasing wave of refugees arrived through various channels in Europe last year produce anxiety both in the EU leadership and in the management and organization of European states. Assessing the impact on the local labor market, on the human resources available and on the cost of insertion on the labor market in the EU it is difficult to quantify at present as long as it is not known what will be the final number of these refugees, the level of training them, and not the least the desire for integration into the European system of life and work. Prospects for reducing the number of active population in the EU in the coming years and increasing the lifetime rate require management organizations to carry out careful studies and to analyze and find solutions to integrate the active refugees in the domestic workforce, to assess the increased level training costs and integration in the local organizational culture and, not the least, the impact on the effectiveness of performed activities.
comparison of the amount of the messages ( Table 1 ). This could have been influenced by the dates coinciding with the parliamentary election in March 2016. In our article, we elected to begin on the day when the first article was published on the migration (refugees) crisis, including the words migrants or refugees, and the selection does not end immediately after the election on March 5, 2016, but we also analyze messages produced after this date, to include the coalition talks. Fairclough (2006) , e.g., argues that a useful selection strategy is to focus on moments of
. Published on May 22nd, 2015, available: http://news.err.ee/v/opinion/55ea4612-1abb-4cee-95ef-91e4bc775df9/migration-crisis-polarizes
Estonian Public Broadcasting (2015b). Pagulased võivad minna elama ka omavalitsustesse, kes pole nõusolekut andnud (in Estonian). Published on September 9th, 2015, available: http://uudised.err.ee/v/eesti/704aa008-650e-45ee-b835-c43f180d4cb5/pagulased-voivad-minna-elama-kaomavalitsustesse-kes-pole-nousolekut-andnud
European Commission (2015). Fact Sheet: RefugeeCrisis: European Commission takes decisive
A Test of the Effect of Emotionally Charged Photographs
Studies of activism and political participation have shown increasing interest in the relationship between photographs and activism. Most contributions are premised on the assumption that photographs have an impact on opinions, knowledge, and/or mobilising motivations. However, such causalities are rarely documented, and when it comes to what is arguably one of the most central questions in the field of activism and participation studies, why some people act and participate, and others do not, there is a near total absence of systematic knowledge on the impact of photographs. Taking the 2015 refugee crisis as its case, this article addresses the effect of photographs on individual willingness to participate politically using an experimental survey. While the hypothesis was that the inclusion of photographs in a call for action should lead to increased willingness to participate, the results showed that adding photographs had no significant effect on individuals’ willingness to participate. A possible explanation for this is the timing of the survey, in December 2015. By then, the debates on the refugee crisis were surrounded by less uncertainty, and opinions had crystallised.
Editorial Mediations over the Alan Kurdi Photographs
Mette Mortensen, Stuart Allan and Chris Peters
. How the Media Sell Disease, Famine, War and Death . London: Routledge.
Mortensen, Mette (2015). Journalism and Eyewitness Images: Digital Media, Participation, and Conflict . New York: Routledge.
Mortensen, M. (2016). ‘The Image Speaks for Itself’ – or does it?: Instant News Icons, Impromptu Publics, and the 2015 European ‘RefugeeCrisis’. Communication and the Public , 1(4): 409-422.
Mortensen, Mette & Trenz, Hans-Jörg (2016). Media Morality and Visual Icons in the Age of Social Media: Alan Kurdi and the Emergence of an Impromptu Public of Moral
country [Video file]. (2016, Januar 21) Youtube.com. Retrieved from goo.gl/S8vkpt
KÜNAST R (2016, September 29). Hegemonie. Die Zeit. Abgerufen von goo.gl/bMpOE7
LORENCO G. (2016, September 28). Die Allmacht der Grünen. Die Zeit. Abgerufen von goo.gl/yvUiad
TRAUB J. (2016, October 18). Europe Wishes to Inform You That the RefugeeCrisis Is Over. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from goo.gl/hjdZMw
KARNITSCHNIG M. (2016, Januar 20). Cologne puts Germany’s ‘lying press’ on defensive. Politiko. Retrieved from goo