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Legitimation of the Referendum - the Standard Mechanism of Participatory Democracy

mitigation of the negative consequences of ultra-representativeness; semi-direct democracy, characterized by the coexistence of representative democracy with direct democracy. [3] G. Sartori, The re-interpreted democracy theory, translated by D. Pop, Polirom Publishing House, 1999, p. 119 [4] J.-C. Cabanne, Référendum et légitimité, in “Référendum et démocratie”, Presses de l’Université des Sciences sociales de Toulouse Publishing House, Toulouse, 1998, p. 71 [5] Idem [6] S. Belaid, Essai d’une théorie générale du référendum, in “Référendum et

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The Impact of Referendums on the Process of European Integration

Unia Europejska." In: Stanislaw Miklaszewski, ed. Doświadczenia negocjacji akcesyjnych państw UE . Newsletters No. 41. Kraków, 2000. Butler, David, and Austin Ranney. "Practice." In: David Butler and Austin Ranney, eds. Referendums around the World. The Growing Use of Direct Democracy . Washington, 1994. Butler, David. "Referendums in Northern Europe." In: Francis Hamon and Olivier Passelecq, eds. Le Référendum en Europe. Bilan et perspectives. Actes du colloque organisé les 28-29 janvier 2000 à la Maison de l

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The Legitimacy of Discriminatory Disenfranchisement? The Impact of the Rules on the Right to Vote in the Bremain/Brexit Referendum

January 2012, at accessed 5 May 2016. • Ghose Katia, 2015, “The EU referendum: a fair franchise?”, The Electoral Reform Society, 27 May 2015, at accessed 2 May 2016. • Migration Watch UK, 2013, “Votes for Commonwealth Citizens,” Briefing Paper 11.29, 27 August 2013, at accessed 3 May 2016. • Nardelli Alberto, 2015, “Britain’s EU referendum: who gets to vote is a

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The Lithuanian Referendum on Extending the Working of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Station: The Rationality of Actors within (Un-)Changing Structures

References Buch, Roger, and Kasper M. Hansen. "The Danes and Europe: From EC 1972 to Euro 2000 - Elections, Referendums and Attitudes." Scandinavian Political Studies Vol. 25, No. 1 (2002): 1-24. Closa, Carlos. "Why convene referendums? Explaining choices in EU constitutional politics." Journal of European Public Policy No. 14:8 (December 2007): 1311-1332. Ehin, Piret. "Determinants of Public Support for EU Membership: Data from Baltic Countries." European Journal of Political

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The Referendum as an Instrument to Join International Organizations


The article scrutinizes the referendum as an instrument to join international organizations. It analyzes the interaction of the participants for achieving unanimity and consensus, not differences or attempts to impose a certain opinion. A conclusion is drawn that through direct democracy the citizens take responsibility for the future development of the state.

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Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Brexit Referendum and Post-Referendum Events on Selected Stock Exchange Indexes

.cfm?abstract_id=2818659 Accessed July 28, 2017. International Monetary Fund. 2016. Uncertainty in the aftermath of the U.K. referendum. World Economic Outlook Update, International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C., 19 July. Jensen, M.D. and H. Snaith. 2016. When politics prevails: the political economy of a Brexit. Journal of European Public Policy, 23 (9), 1302-1310. Mackenzie, M. and E. Platt. 2016. How Global Markets Are Reacting to UK’s Brexit Vote. Available at:

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A Consequential Contingent Valuation Referendum: Still Not Enough to Elicit True Preferences for Public Goods!

surveys. In this paper, we address this problem and examine the conditions under which respondents are incentivised to answer in line with their true preferences in a CV survey that involves a yes-no voting in an advisory referendum on the provision of a public good. Recent theoretical and empirical studies suggest that survey consequentiality plays a key role in incentivising respondents to truthfully reveal their preferences. Survey consequentiality implies that respondents believe in the real consequences that may follow from the survey result. Following the recent

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Constitutional Judges and Secession. Lessons from Canada … twenty years later

, Théorie générale de l'État , Libraire Guillaumin, Paris. • Breton Raymond, 1992, Why Meech Failed: Lessons for Canadian Constitution-making , C.D. Howe Institute, Toronto. • Butler David and Ranney Austin (ed), 1978, Referendums. A comparative study of practice and theory , American Enterprise Institute, Washington. • Calhoun John C., 1992, ‘A Discourse on the Constitution and Government of the United States’, in Lence Ross M. (ed), John C. Calhoun, Union and Liberty: The Political Philosophy of John C. Calhoun , Liberty Fund, Indianapolis

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How Far Can Citizens Influence the Decision-Making Process? Analysis of the Effectiveness of Referenda in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary in 1989–2015

References Altman, D. (2014), Direct Democracy Worldwide, New York: Cambridge University Press. Arató, K. (2005), ‘EU referendum in Hungary,’ in J.-M. de Waele (ed.) European Union Accession Referendums, Brussels: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles, pp. 43-64. Baun, M.; Dür, J.; Marek, D. & Šaradín, P. (2006), ‘The Europeanization of Czech Politics: The Political Parties and the EU Referendum,’ Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 249-280.

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The Spanish vision of Canada’s Clarity Act: from idealization to myth

, Palgrave, Basingstoke. • López Basaguren Alberto, 2005, ‘Stéphane Dion y las verdades silenciadas de la experiencia canadiense’, in Dion Stéphane, La política de la claridad. Discursos y escritos sobre la unidad canadiense , Alianza Editorial, Madrid. • López Basaguren Alberto, 2013, ‘Los referendos de secesión de Quebec y la doctrina de la Corte suprema de Canadá’, in Saénz Royo Eva and Contreras Casado Manuel (eds), La participación política directa: referéndum y consultas populares , Comuniter, Zaragoza. • López Basaguren Alberto, 2016, ‘Demanda de

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