An investigation on an unsteady MHD natural convection flow with radiative heat transfer of a viscous, incompressible, electrically conducting and optically thick fluid past an impulsively moving vertical plate with ramped temperature in a porous medium in the presence of a Hall current and thermal diffusion is carried out. An exact solution of momentum and energy equations, under Boussinesq and Rosseland approximations, is obtained in a closed form by the Laplace transform technique for both ramped temperature and isothermal plates. Expressions for the skin friction and Nusselt number for both ramped temperature and isothermal plates are also derived. The numerical values of fluid velocity and fluid temperature are displayed graphically versus the boundary layer coordinate y for various values of pertinent flow parameters for both ramped temperature and isothermal plates. The numerical values of the skin friction due to primary and secondary flows are presented in tabular form for various values of pertinent flow parameters.
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An unsteady magnetohydromagnetic natural convection on the Couette flow of electrically conducting water at 4°C (Pr = 11.40) in a rotating system has been considered. A Finite Element Method (FEM) was employed to find the numerical solutions of the dimensionless governing coupled boundary layer partial differential equations. The primary velocity, secondary velocity and temperature of water at 4°C as well as shear stresses and rate of heat transfer have been obtained for both ramped temperature and isothermal plates. The results are independent of the mesh (grid) size and the present numerical solutions through the Finite Element Method (FEM) are in good agreement with the existing analytical solutions by the Laplace Transform Technique (LTT). These are shown in tabular and graphical forms.
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