Baziar, M. H. - Ghorbani, A. - Katzenbach, R. (2009) Small-Scale Model Test and Three-Dimensional Analysis of Pile-RaftFoundation on Medium-Dense Sand. International Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 170 - 175.
Eslami, A. - SalehiMalekshah, S. (2011) Analysis of non-connected piled raft foundations (NCPRF) with cushion by finite element method. Comp. Meth. Civil Eng., Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 153 - 168.
Kaifu, L. - Xinyu, X. - Shangwei, S. - Xiangrong, Z. (2009) Numerical Analysis on the
1. G. Kacprzak, P. Kravchenko, W. Smolak, “Load distribution between elements of piled raftfoundation in weak ground”, Civil and Environmental Engineering, no 4(2013), Bialystok University of Technology Publishing
2. G. Kacprzak, “Comparison analysis of raft-pile system – theory and practice”, Technical transactions, 3-Ś/2011 Book 21 Year 108, 59-72, Cracow University of Technology Publishing
3. B.Kutera, G.Kacprzak, “The pile stiffness in a piled-raftfoundation”, Technical transactions, Civil Engineering 2-B/2013, 59-69
Design and modelling of raft foundations and selecting the value of coefficient of vertical subgrade reaction are still actively discussed topics in geotechnical and structural engineering. In everyday practice, soil–structure interaction is mostly taken into account by using the theory of ‘beam on elastic foundation’, in which the soil is substituted by a certain set of coefficients of subgrade reaction. In this study, finite element analysis of a building was performed using a geotechnical software (Plaxis 3D), which is capable of modelling the subsoil as a continuum, and a structural software (Axis VM), which uses the concept of ‘beam on elastic foundation’. The evaluation of the results and recommendations for everyday engineering practice are introduced in this paper.
Piled raft is a geotechnical foundation consisting of three elements raft, piles, and soil domain. The piles can be used to reduce the settlement of the raftfoundation (Burland 1977). Also, several studies suggested that the piles in piled raft can be used to carry some part of the superstructure load. The distribution of among load among the piles, raft, and soil depends on their relative stiffness. On the basis of the dimensions of the raft and piles, the piled raft can be classified as a small piled raft ( B r < L p ) and large piled raft
 KIM, H.T., KATZENBACH, R. and KIMURA, M., Technical session 2g: Pile foundations (I): Piled rafts, bearing capacity, and analysis, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnology in Harmony with the Global Environment 2005, ICSMGE 2005, Osaka, Japan, 2005, pp. 3193-3195, ISBN: 9059660285;978-905966028-1.
 BAZIAR, M. H., GHORBANI, A., & KATZENBACH, R., Small-scale model test and threedimensional analysis of pile-raftfoundation on medium-dense sand
A 3000 tones capacity silo, located in a seismic area with ground acceleration ag = 0,20g and TC =1,0s, was designed in a classical solution The supporting structure has an octagonal shape in planview, and columns with “Maltese cross sections”. The main lateral resisting system is made up of centric bracings with cross-section class I.
The technological project has required two silos and the solution was to support them on a common raft foundation. The stresses and strains due the seismic action led to material consumption that exceeded the agreed budget. In order to reduce the costs, two versions of isolator positions were studied: base isolators (at the connection between infrastructure and superstructure) and at the silo’s bearing level on the supporting structure.
A number of eight vertical seismic isolators were used and in order to limit the horizontal displacements due to wind action and for small intensity earthquakes special devices were introduced
Comparing the state of stresses and deformations and also the cost analysis regarding the positioning of the isolators, the second solution was chosen as the most feasible.
., KRASIŃSKI A., SlABEK A., Model tests of pile raftfoundation, Proceedings of the 16th Int. Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Osaka 2005.
 TEJCHMAN A., Model Investigation of Pile Groups in Sand , Journal of the Soil Mechanics Foundation Division, ASCE, USA, 1973, Vol. 99, No. SM2, 199-217.
. 39, s. 198-204, 2007.
 KAME, G.,S., UKARANDE, S.,K., BORGAONKAR, K. & SAWANT, V.,A. A parametric study on raftfoundation, In: The 12th international conference International Association for computer methods and advances in geomechanics (IACMAC), 2008, Goa, India.
 BARBERO, E.J. Finite Element Analysis of Composite Materials, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.
 LUCIANO, R. & BARBERO, E. J. Formulas for the Stiffness of Composites with Periodic Microstructure, Int. Journal of Solids and Structures, 31
Dong-Man Ryu, Chi-Seung Lee, Kwang-Ho Choi, Bon-Yong Koo, Joon-Kyu Song, Myung-Hyun Kim and Jae-Myung Lee
. Fatigue analysis of damaged steel pipelines under cyclic internal pressure. International Journal Fatigue , 31, pp.962-973.
Poulos, H.G., 2005. Piled raft and compensated piled raftfoundation for soft soil sites. Advances in designing and testing deep foundation, American Society of Civil Engineers , 129, pp.214-235.
Rafi, A.N.M., Richard, K., Wang, R., Das, S., Hossein, G. and Jorge, S., 2012. Revisiting ASME strain-based dent evaluation criterion. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology , 134, pp.041101-1-041101-7.
Terzaghi, K., Ralph, B.P. and
.T., H o J.Y. 2008. Design hyetograph for typhoon rainstorms in Taiwan. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. Vol. 13. Iss 7 p. 647–651.
L iu Y.C., C heng C.L. 2014. A solution for flood control in urban area: using street block and raftfoundation space operation model. Water Resources Management. Vol. 28 p. 4985–4998. DOI 10.1007/s11269-014-0783-z.
L owe S.A. 2010. Sanitary sewer design using EPA storm water management model (SWMM). Computer Applications in Engineering Education. Vol. 18. Iss. 2 p. 203–212. DOI 10.1002/cae.20124.
M ailhot A., D