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Spain, these movements were linked to the rise of Syriza and Podemos, respectively. More specifically, in Greece, the protracted economic crisis led to a political crisis and the collapse of the party system. The result was the rise of strong social movements, which held society together and eventually led to the rise of the Coalition of the RadicalLeft (Syriza). Syriza won the elections of January 2015, with a mandate to renegotiate the bailout deals imposed on previous governments. This led to a tense negotiation process with Greece’s creditors, in which Greece
Alexander Hijzen, Pedro S. Martins and Jante Parlevliet
radical) left, which represent about 15% of the electorate. These parties, as well as the largest trade union confederation, are still demanding the reversion of those earlier reforms, as they think this would strengthen the bargaining power of workers/unions, and always raise this issue in discussions of collective bargaining themes. . Ultra-activity also applies to all covered firms, including those covered through extensions.
Portugal – pre 2012
Portugal – since 2012
Ultra-activity of collective