performed by urban and rural public spaces also varies, depending on their sizes and nature as expressed through the lifestyles of their users.
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the issues concerning the development of public spaces in urban and rural areas. Readers will find here a method for assessing these areas in terms of their quality, which enables their functionality, practicality, reliability, durability, safety, legibility, aesthetics and sensitivity to be determined. These determinants of qualitativeassessment can be used to analyse any social space
recent years because the low emissions have negative effects on the health and life of residents. The purpose of this article is to enumerate the actions taken and provide a qualitativeassessment of their implementation. The first section contains the analysis of the legal acts in the field of air protection at the EU, national, and provincial levels. An analysis of the implemented repair programs is provided in the second section. The third section contains a summary and indication of further directions for activities in this field.
2.1.1 At the
Considerable success (+)
Moderate success (+/0)
Little success (0)
Minimal success (0/-)
No success (-)
(1.2 and less)
The National Institute of Public Health conducted the qualitativeassessment exercising a tool ( 9 ) with 36 closed questions with open space to express opinions, for the interview of an interdisciplinary sample
Analisys of Influence a Radial Hydrostatic Forces on Precise Hydraulic Pair
What has been presented in the paper is a question of influence a radial hydrostatic to precise hydraulic pair. The origins of hydrostatic radial forces in a sliding pair and the effect of this imbalance have been discussed. Computations have been outlined to illustrate how radial hydrostatic forces affect the cylindrical slide. Reasons for the cylindrical slide getting wedged in the sleeve have also been shown. Qualitative assessment of radial forces on the cylindrical slide located in the sleeve has been carried out, and the amounts of imbalance - shown. The qualitative assessment of radial forces in the precise hydraulic pair included a few characteristic variants of a non-uniform distribution of pressure of the working liquid in the annular clearance between the slide and the sleeve. The ways of reducing the imbalance of radial forces from liquid's pressure that affect the cylindrical slide of the hydraulic pair.
Marcin Budzyński, Kazimierz Jamroz and Wojciech Kustra
In Poland, road inspections were implemented in June 2014 on all national roads. Previous traffic surveys mainly looked at the technical condition of roads, signs and markings; other safety issues were overlooked. The main problem of the inspections is that the qualitative assessment is subjective which affects the classification of the sources of hazard on the road. The paper presents an analysis of the variability of the qualitative assessments of road defects when they are assessed by different teams of inspectors. On this basis, guidelines were developed for the classification of risks based on the relationship between sources of road hazard and the personal and economic losses involved in road accidents. These relationships are quantified using mathematical models to simulate the effect of hazard variability on the consequences of selected road accident causes on sections of the road network.
One of the approaches to achieve sustainable development is based on smart specialization. Rural areas are of particular importance in ensuring sustainable development, the smart development of which largely determines the balanced sustainable development of a state as a whole. The present study reflects the quantitative and the qualitative assessment of sustainable development in the region of Latgale (Latvia) on the level of 19 districts; the assessment has been carried out on the basis of the concept of smart specialization. The assessment has been performed within the framework of the project 5.2 of the National Research Programme EKOSOC-LV. The quantitative assessment is based on scientific and practical experience taking into consideration the distinguishing features of the development of Latvian regions and districts, and it has resulted in the establishment of an integrated index (Smart Development Index), which comprises four dimensions - Resources, Population, Economy, and Management. The qualitative assessment is based on the views concerning the cornerstones of smart specialization and the factors influencing it expressed by experts from the state administration, business and scientific environment. Expert opinions have been collected by using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The results of the research might facilitate the understanding of the support measures of smart specialization and the opportunities for sustainable development in rural areas, taking into account the level of the regional socio-economic development and the rate of development, as well as regional differences on the level of districts. The example of Latgale has shown that a small number of people and a low rate of development in most of the region districts simultaneously create both the acute need for and a great challenge in the sphere of sustainable development. By contrast, as a result of both the quantitative and the qualitative assessment the population has been recognised to be the main driving force of the development of rural areas in Latgale region.
Elżbieta Kukier, Magdalena Goldsztejn, Tomasz Grenda and Krzysztof Kwiatek
Clostridium perfringens isolates were obtained from pigs of five porcine farms in Poland. The presence of C. perfringens was detected in 92% of faeces samples and its number ranged from 1.0 x 101 cfu/g to 1.2 x 107 cfu/g. All the isolates belonged to type A and 48.7% of them contained cpb2 gene. The qualitative assessment of toxin genes expression by type A subtype β2 isolates showed expression of cpa gene in 100% of strains and cpb2 gene in 71% of the analysed strains. The isolate from one-day-old piglets demonstrated also the expression of cpa and cpb2 genes.
The technical resource of artillery weapons can be highlighted, in an original way, with the help of a function called by the author standard objective function. In this respect, an original mathematical model thereof was defined and is presented. Consistent with the values achieved in time by the standard objective function qualitative information on the technical resource assessment of artillery mouths is provided. The model developed enables qualitative assessments concerning normal operation or reaching the critical value of the mouth. The defining element of this approach is the diagnosis parameters.
Darius Bazaras, Kristina Čižiūnienė, Ramūnas Palšaitis and Igor Kabashkin
The article analyses theoretical aspects of the qualitative assessment of logistics and transport specialists’ potential, as well as provides research results on competence and capacity-building process in preparation of logistics and transport specialists. The results enabled to identify problematic areas of graduate integration in the labour market and foresee the possible requirements for professional development. In some cases, internal motivation is related to problematic points or negative view from the environment, as well as poor understanding of knowledge benefits in the person’s practical life. Training and education is objectively at the meeting point between research, technological and organisational systems. In such conditions the objective of the education on logistics is to offer the customers the best possible service in the field of the transfer of knowledge in harmony with the trend in logistics programme development. The main problems and perspectives of logistics education and training process are discussed in this article.
Alena Kulasova, Keith J. Beven, Sarka D. Blazkova, Daniela Rezacova and Jiri Cajthaml
Understanding and modelling the processes of flood runoff generation is still a challenge in catchment hydrology. In particular, there are issues about how best to represent the effects of the antecedent state of saturation of a catchment on runoff formation and flood hydrographs. This paper reports on the experience of mapping saturated areas using measured water table by piezometers and more qualitative assessments of the state of the moisture at soil surface or immediately under it to provide information that can usefully condition model predictions. Vegetation patterns can also provide useful indicators of runoff source areas, but integrated over much longer periods of time. In this way, it might be more likely that models will get the right predictions for the right reasons.