, halakhah, Judaic laws, kelal uferaṭ
ukelal, heqqeš, qalwa-ḥomer.
The purpose of the workshop Philosophy and History of Talmudic Logic held on October 27, 2016,
in Krakow, Poland, was to examine the meaning of Talmudic hermeneutics in the contemporary
epistemology and logic. One of the main features of Judaism is that Jewish religious laws are not
dogmatic but based on specific legal reasoning. This reasoning was developed by the first Judaic
commentators of the Bible (Tann’ayim) for inferring Judaic laws (halakah) from the Pentateuch.
Our workshop was aimed
We show that in Kabbalah, the esoteric teaching of Judaism, there were developed ideas of unconventional automata in which operations over characters of the Hebrew alphabet can simulate all real processes producing appropriate strings in accordance with some algorithms. These ideas may be used now in a syllogistic extension of Lindenmayer systems (L-systems), where we deal also with strings in the Kabbalistic-Leibnizean meaning. This extension is illustrated by the behavior of Physarum polycephalum plasmodia which can implement, first, the Aristotelian syllogistic and, second, a Talmudic syllogistic by qal wa-homer.