Radiol Oncol 2012; 46(4): 370. doi:10.2478/v10019-012-0047-6
What sampling device is the most appropriate
for vaginal vault cytology in gynaecological
cancer follow up?
Del Pup Lino1, Canzonieri Vincenzo2, Serraino Diego3, Campagnutta Elio1
1 Gynaecology Oncology Department,
2 Pathology Department and
3 Epidemiology Unit, National Cancer Institute CRO, Aviano, PN, Italy
Radiol Oncol 2012; 46(2): 166-169.
The first and family names of the authors were not quoted adequately. The correct author’s first and given names are
Kuzmina and Kuzmin 2015 , a parasite of California sea lions (CSLs) (Zalophus californianus) . In addition, three species from the genus Uncinaria were found and determined from nucleotide sequence data in the New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri), southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) and Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) ( Castinel et al., 2006 ; Nadler et al., 2013 ; Ramos et al., 2013) . Hookworms ( Uncinaria spp.) have also been reported from Juan Fernandez fur seal pups ( Arctocephalus philippii) (Sepúlveda, 1998) and Guadaloupe fur seals
REFERENCES A li S.S., R attar I.A., A hmed S.S., B ukero A., R izwana H., N az S., R attar T.M. 2016. Searching ability of pupal parasitoid, Dirhinus giffardii (S ilvestri ) on Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) at various depths of plant debris. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 12 : 164–169. A rgov Y., G azit Y. 2008. Biological control of the Mediterranean fruit fly in Israel: Introduction and establishment of natural enemies. Biological Control 46 (3): 502–507. C hinwada P., O verholt W.A., O mwega C.O., M ueke J.M. 2003. Geographic
About 3% of pregnant women are treated with antidepressant drugs during gestation. After delivery the number of treated women increases to 5 to 7%. Most prescribed antidepressants in pregnancy are selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors and/or serotonin and noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, citalopram and venlafaxine (VENF). Despite the fact that VENF has been assigned to pregnancy category C by the FDA, experimental studies with this drug are rare. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of prenatal administration of VENF on early postnatal development of rat offspring and selected biochemical variables at weaning of pups. Pregnant female Wistar rats were treated with VENF from day 15 to 20 of gestation at the doses of 7.5, 37.5 and 70 mg/kg. Females were allowed to spontaneously deliver their pups. After delivery the pups were inspected for viability, gross malformation and they were weighed on day 0, 4 and 21 post partum. On day 21 post partum, the pups were killed, brains were removed from the skulls and blood samples were collected for biochemical assay (proteins, glucose-GOD, glucose-HEX, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and total antioxidant status). The study showed that prenatal VENF administration resulted in a mild maternal intoxication manifested by decreased body weight gain of pregnant females. There was no effect of the drug tested on the body and brain weights of offspring. No obvious morphological alterations were observed in the delivered pups. Similarly, there were no changes in the selected biochemical variables determined.
In vivo study of cerebral metabolism in neonatal animals by high-resolution magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is an important tool for deciphering the developmental origins of adult diseases. Up to date, all in vivo spectrum acquisition procedures have been performed in neonatal rodents under anesthesia. However, it is still unknown if the inhaled anesthetic isoflurane, which is commonly used in magnetic resonance imaging studies, could affect metabolite levels in the brain of neonatal rats. Moreover, the unanesthetized MRS preparation that uses neonatal rodent pups is still lacking.
Here, a novel restraint protocol was developed for neonatal rats in accordance with the European Directive 2010/63/EU. This protocol shares the same gradation of severity as the protocol for non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging of animals with appropriate sedation or anesthesia. Such immobilization of neonatal rats without anesthesia can be implemented for MRS studies when an interaction between anesthetic and target drugs is expected. Short-term isoflurane treatment did not affect the levels of key metabolites in the hippocampi of anesthetized pups and, in contrast to juvenile and adult rodents, it is suitable for MRS studies in neonatal rats when the interaction between anesthetic and target drugs is not expected.
The pupa of Gabrius appendiculatus SHARP, 1910 is described and illustrated for the first time. A key to the known pupae of four Gabrius species applying newly defined morphological characters is provided.
The third instar male (prepupa) and fourth instar male (pupa) of Kermes quercus are described and illustrated, with the differences between them being indicated. The prepupa has a broadly oval, membranous body, with indistinct segmentation, 9-segmented antennae, 3-segmented legs, anterior wing-buds extending to about the base of the metathoracic legs, and a broadly rounded medial penial lobe. The pupa has an elongate oval body, with more distinct segmentation and more strongly developed appendages: 10-segmented antennae, 5-segmented legs, wing-buds extending laterally past the coxa of the metathoracic legs, and a long, triangular penial lobe.
hypothyroidism during pregnancy on learning, memory and hippocampal BDNF in rat pups: Benefi cial effects of exercise. Neuroscience 2016, 329:151−161. 5. Chan S, Boelaert K: Optimal management of hypothyroidism, hypothyroxinaemia and euthyroid TPO antibody positivity preconception and in pregnancy. ClinEndocrinol 2015, 82:313−326. 6. Karbalaei N, Ghasemi A, Faraji F, Zahediasl S: Comparison of the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on carbohydrate metabolism in young and aged male offspring in rats. Scand J Clin Lab Inv 2013, 73:87−94. 7. Maraka S, Ospina NMS, O’Keeffe DT
-rich stream: feeding ecology and food web structure. – Ecol. Ent. 10: 403-413. Janecek B.F.U. & Moog R. (1995): Diptera, Chironomidae, Podonominae & Buchonomyiinae, Part III. In Moog O. (ed.), Fauna Aquatica Austriaca. A comprehensive species inventory of Austrian aquatic organisms with ecological notes. – Wasserwirtschaftskataster, Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Vienna, pp. 1-5. Langton P.H. (1991): A key to pupal exuviae of West Palaearctic Chironomidae. Privately published by Langton P.H., 3, St. Felix Road, Ramsey Forty Foot, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire
. Paul Island, Alaska // Parasitol. Res. — 2013. — 112 . — P. 309-314. Kuzmina, T. A., Lisitsyna, O. I., Lyons, E. T. et al . Acanthocephalans in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus)and a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) on St. Paul Island, Alaska: species, prevalence, and biodiversity in four fur seal subpopulations // Parasitol. Res. — 2012. — 111 . — P. 1049-1058. Lucas, F. A . The causes of mortality among seal pups // The fur seals and fur seal islands of the North Pacific Ocean. Report 1899. Part 3 / Ed. D. S. Jordan. — Washington: US Government Printing Office