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–92. Kraft S (2011) Aktuální změny v dopravním systému České republiky: geografická analýza. Brno, Ph.D. Theses. Kraft S (2016) Measuring and modelling the spatial accessibility of public transport stops in GIS. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin 65(1): 57–69. Langford M, Fry R, Higgs G (2012) Measuring transit system accessibility using a modified two-step floating catchment technique. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 26(2): 193–214. Laverty AA, Mindell JS, Webb EA, Millett C (2013) Active travel to work and cardiovascular risk factors in the United

Abstract

The safety of public transport stops is the subject of numerous studies in large agglomerations around the world. This is due to the fact that it is a passenger exchange zone where collisions and accidents involving people getting on or off public transport vehicles most often occur. For this reason, the purpose of the article is to present the results of the safety assessment of the stop zones for two selected tram lines in Wroclaw. The assessment of tram stops is based on an indicator that takes into account three parameters that affect the safety level of the tram stop zone - the location and infrastructure of the tram stop, its availability and traffic in the tram stop zone. The analysis of stops has been prepared on the basis of direct observation. As a result of the assessment process, these stops were indicated, whose safety index was the lowest. The improvement solutions for them should be prepared at first.

use of vehicle-pavement interaction simulation. Proceedings of the 20 th International Scientific Conference on Transport Means 2016, Juodkrante, Lithuania, 5 - 7 October 2016, pp. 450 - 453. [4] RAPANOVA, N. - KORTIS, J.: Numerical simulation of pavement response to dynamic load. Transport and telecommunication journal, Vol. 14, Iss. 3, 2013, pp. 230 - 236. [5] ZEMAN, K. - PETRU, J. - KRAMNY, J.: Roadways in public transport stops, their failures, and reconstruction option for the operation of modern high-capacity vehicles. Conference proceedings GeoConference on

towns: Tackling the environmental challenges of European and global change. EEA Report No 5/2009. EEA, Copenhagen. Gadziński J., 2012. Rozmieszczenie przystanków transportu publicznego (Distribution of public transport stops). In: Kaczmarek T. (ed.), Studium uwarunkowań rozwoju przestrzennego aglomeracji poznańskiej. Centrum Badań Metropolitalnych UAM, Poznań: 120-121. Hamilton F.E. Ian, Andrews Dimitrovska K., Pichler-Milanovič N., 2005. Transformation of cities in Central and Eastern Europe: Towards globalisation. United Nations University Press, Tokyo, New York

can be accessed from all sides. Finally, a POI database comprising a total of 1,990 public amenities was created. They were grouped into 16 categories: preschools, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, clinics, sports fields and sports halls, swimming pools, tennis courts, local shops and supermarkets, shopping centres, cinemas and theatres, museums, churches, public transport stops, green areas and the city centre (represented by a single point located in the traditional city centre). Building a road network model Network analysis requires a detailed

most important, with around 43% of respondents choosing each option. Levels of soil contamination (with e.g. heavy metals) was only chosen by 14% as the most important aspect of ecological state. With regards to accessibility, the respondents reported that being able to access the park on foot is the most important, with almost 55% choosing this option. Twenty percent reported that availability of overground public transport stops within walking distance of the park is most important, and 11% and 13% identified the number of public transport routes, and the

areas, to provide planning conditions to create a polycentric structure of nodes of activities around public transport stops and to increase the walkability of suburban residential districts. This is an area where the intervention of the public sector is needed, even if only as a regulator and facilitator, as regulation and facilitation won’t be achieved if we only depend on market forces. There is an increasing role of partnerships with all parties involved in development processes, starting from an intercommunal cooperation up to the involvement of NGO’s and local

Getta Square and the second in the north-east on Gustaw Herling-Grudzinski Street. Measurements of the Museum’s distance from public transport stops were carried out in the ArcGIS program, indicating good accessibility and a short distance of about 370 metres, which can be travelled in a few minutes ( Figure 4 ). Figure 4 Accessibility of the Schindler Factory Museum Source: own study based on Mapa komunikacyjna Krakowa (2017) Identification of problems The development of Zabłocie in recent years has led to the occurrence of a number of problematic issues that have

of public transport stops (Staszewska & Kacprzak, 2009), but not on the shape and role of public spaces; Solutions for the location of buildings, architectural form, aesthetic and organic quality vary inconsistently, former zoning plans become more and more blurred, along with the traditional features of regional architecture ( Madanipour, 2004 ; Mełges, 2007 ). Therefore, the intensity and use of urban and rural public spaces is affected by the number and distribution of development elements and the organisation and functionality of the location, as well as the