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REFERENCES 1. Dean HD, Myles RL, Spears-Jones C, et al. A strategic approach to public health workforce development and capacity building. Am J Prev Med. 2014;47(5 Suppl.3):S288-S96. 2. Bjegovic-Mikanovic V, Czabanowska K, Flahault A, et al. Addressing needs in the public health workforce in Europe. World Health Organization; 2014. 3. Tulchinsky TH, McKee M. Education for a public health workforce in Europe and globally. Public Health Rev. 2011;33:7-15. 4. Bjegovic-Mikanovic V, Jovic-Vranes A, Czabanowska K, Otok R. Education for public health in Europe and its

://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/265503/ih.pdf (access 19.07.2018). 9. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Health-systems/public-health-services/public-health-services (access 19.07.2018). 10. Koplan JP, Fleming DW. Current and future public health challenges JAMA. 2000;284(13):1696-8. doi:10.1001/jama.284.13.1696. 11. http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-over-weight (access 19.07.2018). 12. Simpson SA, McNamara R, Shaw C, et al. A feasibility randomized controlled trial of a motivational interviewing-based interventions for weight loss maintenance in adults. Health

References 1. Brzozowska A, Olędzka R. Suplementacja diety jako droga do poprawy stanu odżywienia i stanu zdrowia ludności. In: J. Gawęcki, W. Roszkowski (ed). Żywienie człowieka a zdrowie publiczne. Cz. 3. Warszawa: PWN; 2009. p. 313-28. 2. Bojarowicz H, Dźwigulska P. Suplementy diety. Cz. I. Suplementy diety a leki - porównanie wymagań prawnych. Hygeia Public Health. 2012;47(4):427-32. 3. Ustawa z dnia 25 sierpnia 2006 r. o bezpieczeństwie żywności i żywienia. Dz. U. z 2015 r., poz. 594. 4. Wróbel-Harmas M, Krysińska M, Postupolski J, Wysocki MJ. Zagrożenia

1 Introduction Caries is a widespread oral disease ( 1 ). The prevention of caries with fluoride/s (F) has been proven to be an effective public health measure (PHM), and it is considered to be one of the ten greatest achievements of PH in the 20th century ( 2 ). Fluorides are salts of the chemical element fluorine ( 3 ). People can be exposed to F in various ways: through air, soil, water, or beverages ( 1 ). Black and McKay first recognised the preventive effect of F in Colorado Springs at the beginning of the 20th century ( 4 ). In 1931, Churchill identified a

REFERENCES 1. Drygas W, Ruszkowska J, Philpott M, et al. Good practices and health policy analysis in European sports stadia: results from the ‘Healthy Stadia’ project. Health Promot Int. 2013;28(2):157-65. 2. Crabb J, Ratinckx L. The healthy stadia initiative: a report for north west public health team. Department of health, UK; 2005. 3. Parnell D, Curran K, Philpott M. Chapter 12: Healthy Stadia: A settings based approach to health promotion. In: D. Parnell, P. Krustrup. Sport and health: the current state of play. London: Routledge; 2017. 4. Crabb J, Ratinckx

References 1. Kovacic L, Laaser U. Public health training and research collaboration in South Eastern Europe. Med Arh. 200; 55: 13-5. 2. Bjegovic V, Kovacic L, Laaser U. The challenge of public health transition in South Eastern Europe. J Public Health. 2006:184-189. Available from: URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/ gn7v7m71v324x805/fulltext.pdf. Accessed: November 19, 2011. 3. Burazeri G, Laaser U, Bjegovic V, Georgieva L, Consortium for Public Health Collaboration in South Eastern Europe. Regional collaboration in public health training and research

References 1. Watson PH, Wilson-McManus JE, Barnes RO, Giesz SC, Png A, Hegele RG, et al. Evolutionary concepts in biobanking - the BC BioLibrary. J Transl Med. 2009; 7:95. 2. Harris JR, Burton P, Knoppers BM, Lindpaintner K, Bledsoe M, Brookes AJ, et al. Toward a roadmap in global biobanking for health. Eur J Hum Genet. 2012;20( 11): 1105-11. 3. Bravo E, Napolitano M, Santoro F, Belardelli F, Federic A. The Ital ian 1 lub of Population Biobanks as a potential tool for improving public health stewardship. Biopreserv Biobank. 2013;11(3): 173-5. 4. Budimir D

‘political attack’ on health: the case of the ‘Scottish effect’. Int J Health Services 2011; 41: 501-523. Friedli L. Reasons to be cheerful: the ‘count your assets’ approach to public health Perspectives. Pridobljeno10. 09. 2011 s spletne strani: http://democraticleftscotland.wordpress.com/perspectives/ Lynch JW, Davey-Smith G, Kaplan G, House JS. Income inequality and mortality: importance to health of individual income, psychosocial environment, or material conditions. BMJ 2000; 320: 1200-1204. Friedli L. Mental health, resilience and inequalities: a report for WHO

Multidisciplinary Journal 2014; 1(3):180-183 UDC: 614(497.11)”1995/2012 pp/180-183. 5. Jakovljevic MB. BRIC’s growing share of global health spending and their diverging pathways. Front. Public Health 2015; 3:135. DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00135 6. Zakon o javnom zdravlju.Službeni glasnik RS,br.15/2016 7. Zakon o javnom zdravlju.Službeni glasnik RS,br.72/2009 8. Strategija javnog zdravlja Republike Srbije. Službeni glasnik RS,br.22/2009 9. Wiskow C, Ruseva M, Laaser U. Ten years onwards: Comparison of the South Eastern European regional public health strategy 2004 and the South

Abstract

Introduction. Periodontitis is a group of inflammatory disorders affecting periodontal tissues. This condition manifests by a progressive destruction of the alveolar bone, subsequently leading to tooth loss. World Health Organization introduced Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs in order to gain data regarding periodontal health and treatment needs of people with periodontitis

Aim. To evaluate the periodontal status of citizens living in the city of Lublin and its surrounding, using Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN).

Material and methods. Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs was used to assess the periodontal status among 180 patients aged 35-44 residing in Lublin and the area around it.

Results. Periodontal diseases have been observed in over 90% of the examined population. Treatment need index TN1 has referred to 26.11% of the patients, TN2 – 61.67% and TN3 – 2.22% respectively.

Conclusions. Patients who visit the dentist regularly have a better periodontal status as compared to groups randomly selected.