Publichealthemergencies generally pose serious threats and significant losses to public health, economic development, and social stability. Since they break out in a short time and spread rapidly, the management departments of publichealthemergencies often face enormous challenges. They need to take effective measures in time to prevent the spread and upgrade of events, as well as eliminate the source of hazards and subsequent influence promptly.
With the continuous development of Web 2.0 and mobile Internet technology, microblog
). Shortly after ZIKV emerged in Brazil, frequent reports of microcephaly, foetal brain malformations and other neurological disorder coincided with ZIKV infections ( 4 ). Thus, on 1 February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the clusters of cases of microcephaly and neurological disorders occurring in areas with Zika virus transmission represent a publichealthemergency of international concern ( 5 ).
Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes
Alfredo Briones-Aranda, Manuela Castellanos-Pérez and Raquel Gómez-Pliego
Background and aims: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is currently a public health emergency that requires inter- and multidisciplinary medical services. The principal aim of the present work was to review the basic factors related to the possible advantages of providing early psychological attention to T2DM patients as a coadjuvant for achieving adequate metabolic control.
Material and methods: A literature review was conducted to explore the interaction between stress and depression and the relation of both to the ability of T2DM patients to effectively manage their disease. Results: It was found that stress is one of the factors linked to the etiology of depression, which is a disorder with high prevalence in diabetic patients. Consequently, an inter- and multidisciplinary approach to treating diabetic patients was developed. One of the main focuses of this approach is early psychological attention, starting shortly after the initial diagnosis.
Conclusions: The ability to create consciousness among health care professionals about the importance of early psychological attention for T2DM patients under an inter- and multidisciplinary strategy could possibly improve pharmacological adherence, metabolic control, the quality of life and the life expectancy of patients, as well as save economic resources for patient families and health institutions.
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