Search Results

1 - 10 of 11 items :

  • "public health emergency" x
Clear All
An Influence Prediction Model for Microblog Entries on Public Health Emergencies

1 Introduction Public health emergencies generally pose serious threats and significant losses to public health, economic development, and social stability. Since they break out in a short time and spread rapidly, the management departments of public health emergencies often face enormous challenges. They need to take effective measures in time to prevent the spread and upgrade of events, as well as eliminate the source of hazards and subsequent influence promptly. With the continuous development of Web 2.0 and mobile Internet technology, microblog

Open access
Zika: an old virus with a new face

). Shortly after ZIKV emerged in Brazil, frequent reports of microcephaly, foetal brain malformations and other neurological disorder coincided with ZIKV infections ( 4 ). Thus, on 1 February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the clusters of cases of microcephaly and neurological disorders occurring in areas with Zika virus transmission represent a public health emergency of international concern ( 5 ). 2 Transmission Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes

Open access
Why Early Psychological Attention for Type 2 Diabetics Could Contribute to Metabolic Control

Abstract

Background and aims: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is currently a public health emergency that requires inter- and multidisciplinary medical services. The principal aim of the present work was to review the basic factors related to the possible advantages of providing early psychological attention to T2DM patients as a coadjuvant for achieving adequate metabolic control.

Material and methods: A literature review was conducted to explore the interaction between stress and depression and the relation of both to the ability of T2DM patients to effectively manage their disease. Results: It was found that stress is one of the factors linked to the etiology of depression, which is a disorder with high prevalence in diabetic patients. Consequently, an inter- and multidisciplinary approach to treating diabetic patients was developed. One of the main focuses of this approach is early psychological attention, starting shortly after the initial diagnosis.

Conclusions: The ability to create consciousness among health care professionals about the importance of early psychological attention for T2DM patients under an inter- and multidisciplinary strategy could possibly improve pharmacological adherence, metabolic control, the quality of life and the life expectancy of patients, as well as save economic resources for patient families and health institutions.

Open access
Hospital Resilience: A Recent Concept in Disaster Preparedness

R eferences 1. Roccaforte JD, Cushman JG. Disaster Preparedness, Triage, and Surge Capacity for Hospital Definitive Care Areas: Optimizing Outcomes when Demands Exceed Resources. Anesthesiol Clin. 2007;25:161–77. 2. Braun BI, Wineman NV, Finn NL. Integrating hospitals into community emergency preparedness planning. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144:799-811. 3. Paturas JL, Smith D, Smith S. Collective response to public health emergencies and large-scale disasters: Putting hospitals at the core of community resilience. J Bus Contin Emer Plan. 2010

Open access
Lessons about Causes and Management of an Ebola Outbreak

;95:1619-24. 18. Iliyasu G, Ogoina D, Otu AA, et al. A multi-site knowledge attitude and practice survey of Ebola virus disease in Nigeria. Plose One 2015;10:1-13. 19. Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Ebola disease: an international public health emergency. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2015;5(4):253-62. 20. Galas A. The evolution of EBOLA virus disease outbreaks. Folia Med Cracov 2014;3:27-32. 21. Roca A, Afolabi MO, Saidu Y, et al. Ebola: A holistic approach is required to achieve effective management and control. J Allergy

Open access
A machine learning approach in predicting mosquito repellency of plant – derived compounds

-Domenech R, Aguilera J, El Moncef A, Pocovi S, Galvez J (2010) Application of molecular topology to the prediction of mosquito repellents of a group of terpenoid compounds. Mol. Divers. 14: 321-329. Gertrudes JC, Maltarollo VG, Silva RA, Oliveira PR, Honorio KM, da Silva AB (2012) Machine learning techniques and drug design. Curr. Med. Chem. 19: 4289-4297. Gulland A (2016) Zika virus is a global public health emergency, declares WHO. BMJ. 352: i657. Hastie T, Tibshirani R, Friedman J (2008) The elements of statistical learning: data mining, inference, and

Open access
Arsenic levels in tube-wells water, food, residents' urine and the prevalence of skin lesions in Yatenga province, Burkina Faso

review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Applied Geochemistry   17 : 517-568. Smedley PL, Knudsen J, Maiga D. (2007). Arsenic in groundwater from mineralised proterozoic basement rocks of Burkina Faso. Applied Geochemistry   22 : 1074-1092. Smith HS, Lingas EO, Rahman M. (2000). Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78 : 1093-1103. Tseng WP. (1977). Effects and

Open access
Optimal conditions for the biological removal of arsenic by a novel halophilic archaea in different conditions and its process optimization

.A. & Balassa, J.J. (1966). Abnormal Trace Elements in Man: Arsenic. Journal of Chronic Diseases 19: 85-106. 9. Smith, A.H., Lingas, E.O. & Rahman, M. (2000). Contamination of Drinking Water by Arsenic in Bangladesh: A Public Health Emergency. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78: 1093-1103. 10. Duker, A.A., Carranza, E.J.M. & Hale, M. (2005). Arsenic Geochemistry and Health. Environment International 31: 631-641. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2004.10.020. 11. Zouboulis, A.I. & Katsoyiannis, I.A. (2005). Recent

Open access
Data sharing: a new editorial initiative of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Implications for the Editors’ Network

view from the pharmaceutical industry. PLoS Med 2016 Jan 5;13(1):e1001936. [22] www.who.int/ictrp/results/WHO_Statement_results_reporting_clinical_trials.pdf?ua=1 . [23] Modjarrad K, Moorthy VS, Millet P, Gsell P-S, Roth C, Kieny M-P. Developing global norms for sharing data and results during public health emergencies. PLoS Med 2015;13(1):e1001935. [24] Coady SA, Wagner E. Sharing individual level data from observational studies and clinical trials: a perspective from NHLBI. Trials 2013;14:201. [25] Geifman N, Bollyky J, Bhattacharya S

Open access
Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals

source, behavior and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl Geochem 17: 517-568. Smith AH, Lingas EO, Rahman M. (2000). Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency. Bull World Health Organ 78(9): 1093-1103. Stohs SJ, Bagchi D. (1995). Oxidative mechanisms in the toxicity of metal ions. Free Radic Biol Med 18(2): 321-336. Taylor MP, Winder C, Lanphear BP. (2012). Eliminating childhood lead toxicity in Australia: a call to lower the intervention level. MJA 197(9): 493

Open access