Introduction. The basic purpose of this article is to present Jacob Levy Moreno’s psychodrama method as the psychotherapeutic technique useful in work with patients during individual and group psychotherapy.
Material and Method: The author presents the analysis of case studies of patients treated in individual and group psychotherapy. He instances the examples of psychodramatic work on the stage as well as monodramatic and reports their importance in the process of patient psychotherapy. He discusses the effects of these act ivities in the context of changes in the emotional and interpersonal functioning of patients.
Results: The given examples of monodrama and psychodramatic works illustrate the mechanisms of the changes offered by the method, e.g. insight, abreaction, acceptance of internal impulses, confrontation with the feelings of other people, training of alternative behaviors. In the article one can follow each subsequent step of analyzing intrapsychic conflicts of patients, which, thanks to the play on the stage, can be named and experienced by them.
Conclusions: Psychodrama, used in the psychotherapeutic work of the group and in individual work with the patient (in the form of a monodrama), gives great opportunities to broaden the insight of the patient into very complicated internal mechanisms of conflicts and deficits. Psychotherapist - leader encourages patients to be creative and to spontaneous development of their blocked personality elements. The specificity of psychodrama is a relatively quick resolution of many years of ongoing conflict and permanent reparation of traumatic experiences, even from early childhood.
Change - A TA Guide. JÁRÓ, K. Without Games - Transactional Analysis in Practice. Helikon Kiadó, 1999.
JÁRÓ, K. Route Marks on the Map of the TA: Roots, Sources, and the Dilemmas of its Scientific Reception. JÁRÓ, K. Without Games - Transactional Analysis in Practice. Helikon Kiadó, 1999.
JÁRÓ, K., and OLÁH, ZS. Hatni mesterfokon. JÁRÓ, K. Without Games - Transactional Analysis in Practice. Helikon Kiadó, 1999.
JUHÁSZ, E. They Don’t Know Where the Borders Are: the Psychotherapy of Borderline Disorders. JÁRÓ, K. Without
: Relations to well-being and character strengths. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2006; 44: 561-583.
8. Al-Krenawi A, Elbedour S, Parsons JE, Onwuegbuzie A, Bart WM, Ferguson A. Trauma and war: Positive psychology/strengths approach. Arab Journal of Psychiatry. 2011; 22: 103-112.
9. Rashid T. Positive psychotherapy : A strength-based approach. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2015; 10 (1): 25-40.
10. Fredrickson BL. The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist. 2001; 56
A Multiple-Field-Approach to the Understanding of Human Experience
wahrgenommene Figuren. Studien in psychologischer Analyse . Kopenhagen / Christiania / Berlin / London 1921: Gyldendalske Boghandel.
Smallwood, J. & Schooler, J.W. (2006). The restless mind. Psychological Bulletin, 132 , 946-958.
Singer, J.L. (1974). Imagery and Daydream Methods in Psychotherapy and Behavior Modification . New York: Academic Press.
Singer, J.L. (1978): Phantasie und Tagtraum. Imaginative Methoden in der Psychotherapie. München: Junfermann.
Singer, J.L. & Pope, K.S. (1978). The Power of Human Imagination. New Methods in Psychotherapy
Enrico Molinari, Chiara Spatola, Emanuele Cappella and Gianluca Castelnuovo
-based cognitive therapy for depression. A new approach to preventing relapse . The Guilford Press, New York – London.
Stern, D. (2004). The Present Moment in psychotherapy and everyday life . W W Norton & Co Inc. Editor. USA.
Wilson, K.G., Murrell, A.R. (2004). Values Work in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Setting a Course for Behavioral Treatment. In: S. C. Hayes, V. M. Follette, M. M. Linehan (Eds.) Mindfulness and Acceptance: Expanding the Cognitive-Behavioral Tradition . New York: Guilford Press.
Olga Padała, Sebastian Masternak, Agata Makarewicz, Agnieszka Biała-Kędra and Kaja Karakuła
Aim: The aim of the study was 1) to report the case of a 15-year-old boy who developed kleptomania symptoms during methylphenidate treatment and 2) to review the available therapeutic options for kleptomania based on a literature search of Medline and Google Scholar databases (2000–2018).
Case report: For the past seven years a 15-year-old boy had participated in counselling at a psychological counselling centre because of school problems and upbringing difficulties, and had a five-year history of psychiatric treatment for ADHD. He was admitted to the Department of Psychiatry because of recurrent stealing episodes that occurred during methylphenidate treatment. During the hospitalization, the patient did not observe the therapeutic contract – he stole items from other patients. Pharmacotheraputic and psychotherapeutic treatment resulted in a partial improvement in impulsive behaviour. At discharge, he spoke critically of his previous conduct and expressed readiness to continue treatment in an outpatient setting.
Kleptomania has a very negative impact on a patient's overall well-being.
In the reported case, kleptomania developed during methylphenidate treatment.
Kleptomania should always be taken into account as a possible cause of stealing during a psychiatric examination, to avoid stigmatization of patients as criminals.
Pharmacotherapy and cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy focused on the development of strategies, which can help the patient to control the urge to steal, are important components of kleptomania treatment.
1. Freud S. (1895) Project for a scientific psychology.
Standard Edition Vol.1, Hogarth Press, London, 1958: 295-397.
2. Leichsenring F. Rabung S. Effectiveness of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy: a meta-analysis. JAMA 2008; 300(13):1551-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.300.13.1551
3. Smit Y, Huibers MJ, Ioannidis JP, van Dyck R, van Tilburg W, Arntz A. The effectiveness of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy: a meta-analysis of
Michal Růžička, Kristýna Krahulcová and Jan Chrastina
1. Chandler, L., Dahlqust, C. (2002). Functional Assessment . 1 st ed. Pearson Education, INC.: New Jersey. USA
2. Koukolík, F. (2012). Lidský mozek . 3nd ed. Galén, Praha. Czech Republic
3. Lazarus, A. A. (2005). Multimodal therapy. In J. C. Norcross & M. R. Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration 2nd ed. New York: Oxford. USA
4. Lištiaková, I. (2015). Analysis of thre eapproaches in dramatherapy. Journal of Exceptional People , 1(6). UP Olomouc Czech Republic
5. Müller, O. (2014). Terapie ve
7. Fazlagić A, Rakić-Bajić G. Stav studenata prema psihoterapiji/ Attitudes of students toward psychotherapy. Po- NS Med Journal 2011; 8(2):48-52.
8. Gavrilov-Jerković V. Savremene tendencije u psihoterapiji: specijalizacija prakse i integracija znanja. Psihologija 2003; 36 (1-2):7-38.
9. Senić R, Jovanović N. Strah od života. Beoknjiga, Beograd, 2011.
10. Ćurčić V. «Ruski rulet » adolescencije. Zbornik radova II Kongresa DEAPS-a, Zlatibor, 2010.
11. Lenzenweger MF, Lane MC, Loranger AW et al. DSM
Dariusz Kuncewicz, Kinga Lachowicz-Tabaczek and Jacek Załuski
Ablon, J.S., & Jones, E.E. (1999). Psychotherapy process in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 1, 64-75.
Amini, F., Lewis, T., Lannon, R., Louie, A., Baumbacher, G., McGuinness, T., & Schiff, E.Z. (1996). Affect, attachment, memory: contributions toward psychobiologic integration. Psychiatry, 59, 3, 213-239.
Angus, L, & Bouffard, B. (2004). The search for emotional meaning and self