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.2486/indhealth.46.112 Okunribido, O.O., Shimbles, S.J., Magnusson, M. in Pope, M. (2007). City bus drivers and low back pain: a study of the exposures to posture demands, manual materials handling and whole-body vibration. Applied Ergonomics , 38 (1), 29-38. Papageorgiou, A.C., Macfarlane, G.J., Thomas, E., Croft, P.R., Jayson, M.I. & Silman, A.J. (1997). Psychosocial factors in the workplace - do they predict new episodes of low back pain? Spine, 22 (10), 1137-1142, Proctor, T

: Plenum Press. Heim, J., Brandtzæg, P.B., Endestad, T., Kaare, B.H., & Torgersen, L. (2007) ‘Children’s Usage of Media Technologies and Psychosocial factors’, New Media & Society, 9(3): 49-78 Heim, J., & Brandtzæg, P.B. (2007) Patterns of Media Use among Citizens in Europe User Groups and User Communities in Countries Hosting CITIZEN MEDIA Testbeds . P6-2005-IST-41 (038312), CITIZEN MEDIA, D.1.1.1. Oslo, Norway. Jodene R. Baccus, Mark W. Baldwin, Dominic J. Packer (2004) ‘Increasing Implicit Self-Esteem Through Classical Conditioning’, Psychological Science 15


This study examined the influence of psychosocial factors on learning difficulties among adolescents with special needs. A cross-sectional survey design was utilized. One hundred and twenty adolescents comprising 56.7% males were purposively selected among students at a facility for special needs individuals in Ilorin, Nigeria. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire containing perceived stigma of intellectual disability scale, social support questionnaire and Colorado learning difficulties questionnaire. Only individuals who voluntarily consented to participate were included in the study. Data were subjected to statistical analysis utilizing the SPSS v20. There was no significant gender difference on learning difficulties among individuals with special needs (t (118) =. 138, p>.05). Individuals with high perceived stigma reported significant higher learning difficulties compared to their peers with low perceived stigma (t (118) = 15.70; p˂.05). There was a significant influence of type of disability on learning difficulty (F (2, 117) =9.152, p< .01); individuals with intellectual impairment exhibited more learning difficulty compared with those with visual impairment (8.09) and those with hearing impairment (11.62). The study recommends that government should reinforce law that protect individuals living with disability and enhance their learning in schools. It is also important that sufficient support services are made available for these students to reinforce their motivation for school learning.


It is known that increased morbidity with temporary incapacity for work (MTIW) is related to stress level and psychosocial factors at work. Practices for stress management, conflict avoidance and optimization of working conditions are known to reduce MTIW level. The aim of the present study was to analyze MTIW and propose measures to optimize and reduce strain at work. The study covered MTIW in labour inspectors, a total of 334 people, men and women aged from 24 to 69. The evaluation was based on 11 of the generally accepted indices. MTIW structure was analyzed. MTIW was rated as high according to case frequency and as very high according to day frequency. The average duration of a TI case was 12.63, and the relative share of people who were frequently taken ill for a long period was 12.81. In the ITI structure, diseases of the respiratory system (42.0%) ranked first, followed by diseases of the nervous system (18.8%), the digestive system (9.9%), CVS (8.3%) and MSS (7.2%). These 5 groups of diseases covered 86.2% of all diagnoses. The remaining 7 groups of diseases covered less than 14% of the diagnoses. The group of people most frequently taken ill for long periods included 28 inspectors who had used 42.5% of the total number of days. Two inspectors with 140 days of absence from work were cases of TI resulting from severe stress and adaptation disorder. Measures were proposed regarding the reduction of strain at work and the risk of stress.

;53:83-107. Lutgendorf SK, Costanzo ES. Psychoneuroimmunology and health psychology: an integrative model. Brain Behav Immun 2003;17:225-32. Lehrer P, Feldman J, Giardino N, Song HS, Schmaling K. Psychological aspects of asthma. J Consult Clin Psychol 2002;70:691-711. Chida Y, Hamer M, Steptoe A. A Bidirectional relationship between psychosocial factors and atopic disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychosom Med 2008;70:102-16. Goodwin RD, Castro M, Kovacs M. Major depression and allergy: does neuroticism explain the relationship? Psychosom Med 2006

©2020 R. Valdivia-Vasco FACTORES PSICOSOCIALES ASOCIADOS A MENORES CON DELITO DE MALTRATO FAMILIAR [PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS RELATED TO CHILDS OFFENDERS WITH FAMILY ABUSE VIOLENCE] Rafael Valdivia-Vasco•, Lourdes Contreras y M. Carmen Cano-Lozano Universidad de Jaén. Resumen La violencia filio-parental (VFP) es un fenómeno que suscita cada vez mayor interés científico debido a su impacto creciente a nivel familiar, social y judicial, al considerarse uno de los delitos que más ha crecido en los últimos años entre


Psychosocial factors (PSF) are leading among the new risks and modern challenges in providing safe and healthy conditions at work. Due to the high mental strain, inspectors are at highest risk for stress at work. The aim of the present study was to make a comparative analysis of PSFs in control activities, rate them and investigate subjective perception of stress at work. Two exhaustive cross-sectional studies were conducted consecutively, involving 338 and 355 inspectors, respectively, working at two organizations with control activities. The inspectors were men and women aged from 24 to 70. The statistical processing of data utilized the SPSS software version 17, at a significance level of p<0.05. A number of common characteristics were found in the activities, the composition and structure of different groups of government staff: the number of women was greater (58% и 62.6%), with people over 40 years of age prevailing (67.3% и 70.9%), and the group with specialized work experience of 6 to 10 years comprised the greatest number of people. We found reliable differences in the answers concerning task requirements and activity organization. Rating PSF, one of the groups of inspectors placed “insufficient time to perform the check-up” in the first place, whereas the other one reported “conflicts while performing the check-up”. PSFs exert an influence on the cognitive functions of inspectors, change their behaviour and emotional reactions and result in more frequent complaints of health deterioration. We found difference in the subjective stress perception depending on gender, age and duration of work experience as an inspector.

:// Freimann, T., Pääsuke, M. & Merisalu, E. (2016). Work-Related Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health Problems Associated with Musculoskeletal Pain in Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study. Pain Research and Management, ID 9361016, 7 pp. Gabriel, P., & Liimatainen, M.-R. (2000). Mental Health in the Workplace. Introduction Executive Summaries. Geneva: International Labour Organization. Retrieved from German, P

glycemic control in children and adolescents with T1D is particularly challenging, given the physiological and behavioral challenges that confront individuals in this age group [ 4 ]. Despite the progress of new technology widely available in developed countries such as improved glucose monitoring devices, insulin pumps, and insulin analogs, a substantial proportion of youth with T1D still fail to achieve target HbA 1c levels <7.5% [ 5 , 6 , 7 ]. Family relationships, psychosocial factors, and race–ethnicity continue to be associated with glycemic outcomes in youth


The purpose of this paper is to discuss the most important factors affecting perceived age. Aging is an unavoidable and irreversible process, but perceived age is a modifiable psychosocial factor. Our exterior has become one of the determinants of our social position, the key to success in our professional and personal lives. Today, we see people through their appearance, we judge after the first impression. With the help of aesthetic medicine, we can change the perceived age, but we cannot stop aging. This article discusses factors affecting the perceived age, such as hair color, skin color, general appearance and environmental factors. Many cannot be avoided, but we can make changes in life to look younger and more well-groomed. Indeed, we can change our habits for the benefit of the whole body, not only for the skin.