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Abstract

The article presents an analysis of the interventions carried out as part of the revitalisation of the complex of tenement houses on Strona Dekerta Starego Miasta na Rynku (Dekert’s Side of the Old Town Market Square) in Warsaw. The design works in question took place between 2014 and 2017, resulting in the reconstruction of the Museum of Warsaw and the adaption of its space to the current needs. The article describes the conservation activities undertaken in the tenement houses over the last one hundred years, the main focus being put on the conditions, project process and final outcome of the revitalisation. As highlighted by the author, the most recent interventions in the Museum of Warsaw’s tenement houses were completed with awareness of the object’s great historic value as an important component of the Old Town inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. They are an example of typically Polish conservation interventions and a specific attitude towards architectural monuments, which were in great part lost by Poland as a result of warfare.

Abstract

The sovereign nature of the forms of operation of cultural heritage protection authorities, the polarization between the individual interest and the public interest, discretion margin in the activities of the authorities – all these elements create a kind of “explosive mixture”, which is the source of the legal disputes between the owners of historical monuments and historical monuments protection bodies. The key element of the guarantee of individual freedom is the judicial review of public administration. Therefore, it is a matter of dispute to which extent the public administration is subject to judicial review when performing the tasks entrusted. The aim of this article is to show how Polish administrative courts approach the problem. What methodology of the review of discretion margin do they use? How do they solve the dilemma: who makes the final decision – the body or the court? Do they retain judicial self-restraint or are they ready and willing to interfere in the merits of the decision?

. 1446, z 2015 r. poz. 397, 774., (The Act of 23 July 2003 on the protection of monuments and care of monuments, Journal of Laws, 2014, item 1446; Journal of Laws, 2015, item 397,774). Ustawa z dnia 16 kwietnia 2004 r. o ochronie przyrody (Dz. U. z 2013 r., 627, z późn. zm., (Act of 16 April 2004, Nature Conservation, Journal of Laws, 2013, item 627, as amended). Strategia rozwoju Gminy Dywity do 2020 r., http://barczewo.bip.net.pl/?c=87 , (Strategy of development of the Municipality Dywity 2020). Strategia rozwoju gminy Barczewo na lata 2015-2025, (Barczewo Commune

medina in Marrakesh (photo: K. Kania) Figure 3 The food market on Bouqroune Street in the medina of Rabat (photo: K. Kania) The types of transformation undergone by the souks through the influence of tourism Within the first years of the French Protectorate (1912–1956) a decision was made to protect the architectural heritage of the Marrakech and Rabat medinas ( Escher & Petermann 2014 , Minca & Borghi 2009 ). The classification and protection of monuments was carried out and aimed at preserving the aesthetic appearance of the parts of the city which were appreciated

. The state of the research on the distribution and types of windmills in Pomerania is extremely modest. Apart from a few works by ethnographers ( Łęga 1963 ; Święch 2001 ; Adamczewski 2005 ; Święch 2005 ) and documentation for individual structures made for provincial offices for the protection of monuments ( Domagała 1971 ), there is no comprehensive catalogue of windmills. As for the Middle Ages, an analysis was made by Kubicki (2012) which was based on diverse written sources. The distribution and types of windmills, including their current state of

Plan need to be prepared. In 2016, an update of the Municipal Programme for the Regeneration of Krakow was produced ( Urzęd Miasta Krakowa 2016b ). Currently, work on the new Local Spatial Development Plans is underway in Krakow, including the Local Development Plan for Zabłocie-West ( Biuro Planowania Przestrzennego 2015 ). A solution to the problem of a lack of adequate protection of valuable buildings could be the introduction of an obligation to check the correctness of the entry by the Voivodship Office for the Protection of Monuments and the Office of Monument

in the Local Government Act of 1990, indicating spatial planning as the municipality’s own task. The spatial planning should be in line with separate legal regulations concerning the protection of environment, protection of agricultural and forest lands, protection of monuments, management of water, construction processes, special purpose investments (roads, harbours, airports, etc.) as well as future property management ( Radeberg-Skorzysko 2016 ). Legal bases for public involvement in the process of urban planning Commonly, in democratic societies public

. března 1987 , ío státní památkové péči ); – Poland: Spatial Planning Act ( Ustawa z dnia 27 marca 2003 r . o planowaniu i zagospodarowaniu przestrzennym ) and Monument Protection Act ( Ustawa z dnia 23 lipca 2003 r . o ochronie zabytków i opiece nad zabytkami ); – and Slovakia: Spatial Planning and Building Order Act ( Zákon z 27. apríla 1976 o územnom plánovaní a stavebnom poriadku ) and Act on Protection of Monuments and Historic Sites ( Zákon z 19 decembra 2001 o ochrane pamiatkového fondu ); – as well as in accordance with national or regional policies and