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The Relationship between Property Rights and Economic Growth: an Analysis of OECD and EU Countries

Rights . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Besley, T. and Ghatak, M. (2009). Property Rights and Economic Development. In: D. Rodrik and M. Rosenzweig, eds., Handbook of Development Economics, 1st ed. Elsevier, 4525–4595. Boldrin, M. and Levine, D. (2009). Against Intellectual Monopoly, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Bose, N., Panini Murshid A., and Wurm, M. A. (2012). The Growth Effects of Property Rights: The Role of Finance. World Development, 40 (9), 1784–1797. Branstetter, L., Fisman, R. and Foley, C. F. (2005). Do Stronger

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Sanctions and their role in preventing the appropriation of the creditor’s property rights in bankruptcy proceedings–the case of Poland

References Alchian, A. A. (1965). Some economics of property rights. Il Politico , 30, 816–829 (reprinted in Alchian A. A. (Ed.) (1997). Economic Forces at Work (pp. 127-149). Indianapolis: Liberty Fund). Allerhand, M. (1937). Prawo upadłościowe. Prawo o postępowaniu układowem. Warszawa: Księgarnia F. Hoesicka. Anderson, T. L., & Hill P. J. (1975). The evolution of property rights: A study of the American West. Journal of Law and Economics , 18 , 163-179. Babiarz-Mikulska, K., Czapracka, A., & Morawska, S. (2012). Ocena

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The influence of common property rights on forest management policy: a case study in Sardinia region, Italy

References Agrawal, A., Gibson, C. 1999. Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation. − World development, 27(4), 629-649. Cacciarru, A. 2009. Land use patterns and access to resources: the usi civici in Ogliastra (Sardinia). − Archivio Scialoja-Bolla, 1, 143−161. Coleman, E.A. 2011. Common property rights, adaptive capacity, and response to forest disturbance. − Global Environmental Change, 21, 855−865. Fukuyama, F. 1995. Trust: The social virtues and

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Faculty Intellectual Property Rights in Canadian Universities

Disclosure and Licensing of University Inventions: ‘The best we can do with the s**t we get to work with’.” (2003) // http://www.nd.edu/~rjensen1/research/Disclosure.pdf (accessed October 1, 2012). 10. Karjala, Dennis S., and Mindaugas Kiškis. “Intellectual property rights within the university.” Intellectual economics No. 1(9) (2011): 65-84. 11. Kenney, Martin, and Donald Patton. “Does Inventor Ownership Encourage University Research-Derived Entrepreneurship? A Six University Comparison.” (May 2011) // http://ssrn.com/abstract=1847184

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The New Institutional Economics-Main Theories

-market Allocati on. Retrieved from: http://down.cenet.org.cn/upfile/34/20041225171325114.pdf. Chotkowski, J. (2010). Instytucje rynkowe i koszty transakcyjne - kluczowe pojęcia nowej ekonomii instytucjonalnej. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, seria G, T. 97, z. 2, 106. Coase, R. (1937). The Nature of the Firm. Economica New Series, 4(16), 394-395. Coase, R. (1998). The New Institutional Economics. The American Economic Review, 88(2), 72. Demsetz, H. (1967). Toward a Theory of Property Rights. The American Economic Review

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Private Property in Communist Czechoslovakia

References ADÁMEK, J. (2014) Indicators of Institutional Quality. In Conference proceedings 12th International Scientific Conference “Economic Policy in the European Union Member Countries” . Opava: Slezská univerzita v Opavě. ALI, F., FIESS, N., & MacDONALD, R. (2011). Climbing to the top? Foreign direct investment and property rights. Economic Inquiry, 49(1), 289-302. BARZEL, Y. (1997) Economic analysis of property rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BERGGREN, N., BERGH, A. & BJØRNSKOV, C. (2012) The growth effects of

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Why does mainstream economy not explain the causes of contemporary negative socio-economic phenomena?

własności współczesnych spółek kapitałowych., ( The causes and consequences of incompleteness and non-exclusivity of the structures of the property rights applicable in contemporary limited companies ) (2017) [in]: Instytucje w teorii i praktyce., ( Institutions in theory and practice ) Prace Naukowe U.E. we Wrocławiu. ( Scientific Studies of Wrocław University of Economics ) North D. C., Thomas R.P., The Rise of the Western World; A New Economic History, (1973), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. North D. C., Institutions,(1991) Journal of Economic

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Arbitrability and Public Interest in International Commercial Arbitration

- Relationship Between Arbitration and Litigation. In: ZEILER, Gerold, WELSER, Irene et al. (eds). Austrian Yearbook on International Arbitration, 2015. KYSELOVSKÁ, Tereza. Arbitrability of Intellectual Property Rights Disputes. In: BĚLOHLÁVEK, Alexander J., ROZEHNALOVÁ, Naděžda (eds). Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration. Volume VII. The Hague: Lex Lata, 2017. LEW, Julian D. M., MISTELIS, Loukas A., KRÖLL, Stefan M. Comparative International Commercial Arbitration. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003. LEW

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Patent activities of the Czech enterprises – an international comparison

Abstract

The Czech enterprise sector shows in a long term a significantly lower patent activity in comparison with both the most innovation-intensive EU economies, and the EU-15 average. The topic of this contribution is a comparison of the quality and the volume of the industrial property rights created in the Czech enterprises with a selected EU-15 countries classified as innovation leaders, strong and moderate innovators. Two new EU members, namely Poland and Hungary, were also included in the comparisons. The analysis shows that the number of the international patent applications registered by enterprises with the EPO and under the PCT treaty is by more than one order lower in comparison with both the innovation-intensive countries like Denmark, Germany, or Netherlands and the countries whose innovation performance is comparable to the Czech Republic. The Czech enterprises unlike their counterparts in the innovation-intensive countries register the priority applications with the home country patent office and only a small fraction is subsequently registered with EPO and under the PCT. Also the size of the patent families and subsequent citations of the Czech patents by other patent applications lags behind the innovation-intensive countries.

The low patenting activity of the Czech enterprises correlates with a low expenditure on R&D. The Czech enterprises are somehow limited in the creation of knowledge giving rise to internationally competitive products which would demand international industrial property claims. The analysis also indicates that patent applications co-authored by Czech inventors are extensively owned by foreign corporations. The Czech enterprises produce a larger fraction of patents in collaboration with research organizations than foreign ones. It indicates that enterprises are interested in tapping in the research capacity of the universities and governmental R&D establishment. The detail analysis of the data in the national R&D Information System indicates that the number of patents created by enterprises supported by applied R&D programs is currently rather low. Beside the stimulation of the Czech enterprises to the in-house R&D spending it is necessary to support long-term strategic alliances of enterprises with research organizations. It will create a fertile environment for the development of radical innovations which are a key factor for the increase of international competitiveness and market shares.

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Intellectual Property as a Drive for Sustainable Medical Tourism – The Ana Aslan case

Abstract

The present paper studies the way intellectual property rights may encourage sustainable medical tourism, meaning the advantages that a patent, traditional knowledge, a trademark, or other IP right may offer to a hospital in order to attract foreign patients. The analysis is done trough the Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” case study, seen not from a medical point of view but from the perspective of the intellectual property importance for the development of medical tourism. The Institute of Gerontology and Geriatrics “Ana Aslan” was founded in 1952 and become an international renowned center in the study and the diminishing of old age effects. Many celebrities (artist and state presidents) came to receive treatment here, even though Romania had, at that time, a communist regime.

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