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4. Наказ Міністерства освіти України № 161 від 02.06.93 «Про
The article covers current problems of professional training of junior medical staff. The main disadvantages of Ukrainian system of medical education that impede the intention of improving quality of professional training of junior medical staff have been analyzed. European experience in organizing medical education, namely, in Great Britain, Georgia, Italy, Poland and France has been studied. It has been determined that foreign experience in training medical junior staff differs from that in Ukraine. Comparative characterization of European and Ukrainian experience in training future nurses and midwives has been presented. The advantages of European professional training of future medical junior staff have been highlighted. It has been found out that in Europe more attention is paid to clinical disciplines than in Ukraine due to an increase in the number of academic hours allocated for practical training at clinical sites. The author emphasizes importance of independence in the process of training future junior medical staff in European educational space. The need for introducing into the education process of professional medical training in Ukraine communicative disciplines, including Pedagogy, which have long been used in medical education in Europe, has been specified. The author has considered the main features of apprenticeship being a new form of training in Ukrainian medical education that combines theoretical training and paid hospital placement. It has been concluded about European innovative trends in Ukrainian medical industry and gradual introduction of continuing consecutive education. It has been stressed that it is rather relevant to incorporate positive aspects of foreign experience in organizing medical education into modern reforms as well as new curricula in Ukraine.
The article deals with the analysis of professional training of choreography students in European universities. It is indicated that choreography education is a certain system of dancing training, which cultivates students’ artistic, physical and technical skills necessary for the dancing profession, as well as develops their special knowledge. It is found that an indispensable component of learning is character and national dance. It is specified that the prospects of using foreign experience to modernize choreography education include different levels, namely the European level (an intensification of cooperation with international educational organizations, promotion of intercultural education and international relations through participation in cultural exchange programmes and international dance competitions and festivals), the national level (elaboration of appropriate legal and regulatory acts, design of national cultural and educational programmes for developing choreographic culture, introduction of new models of choreography training (theater dance, choreotherapy, modern dance), formulation of modern requirements for future specialists, allocation of budget on choreography development), the institutional level (administrative support of international scientific projects, introduction of appropriate strategies for developing choreographic industry, introduction of new courses, modernization of existing training programmes, introduction of innovative choreographic training programmes, creation of special programmes for students with special educational needs, Europeasation of lecture content, introduction of innovative elective modules at departments of choreography, organization of international workshops).
Due to content-based analysis of marketing specialists′ professional training and approaches to development of their educational trajectory, it has been revealed that curricula and their content are given much attention by employers whose demands are focused on meeting current labour market conditions. It has been justified that despite the existing differences various approaches to forming future specialists′ educational trajectory have one thing in common, i.e., an undeniable connection with employers′ demands. The employers′ impact is found at such stages as forming the content of curricula (particular disciplines) and monitoring quality of graduate knowledge gained in higher education institutions. This approach creates certain advantages as for quality performance of universities, correspondence of their curricula with relevant requirements of the labour market. However, most employers usually have little interest in predicting strategic development of the market. It has been proved that content saturation of curricula ensuring adjustment to current labour market conditions concurrently suppresses specialists′ rapid adaptation to different scenarios of the future. Special attention has been paid to expediency of specialists′ generalized training that provides them with some autonomy needed to implement their professional competences in the course of further development of the labour market.