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Decentralized Job Scheduling in the Cloud Based on a Spatially Generalized Prisoner’s Dilemma Game

, PPSN VI , Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 849–858. Even-Dar, E., Kesselman, A. and Mansour, Y. (2007). Convergence time to Nash equilibrium in load balancing, ACM Transactions on Algorithms 3 (3): 111–132. Hwang, S. and Kesselman, C. (2003). A flexible framework for fault tolerance in the grid, Journal of Grid Computing 1 (3): 251–272. Katsumata, Y. and Ishida, Y. (2008). On a membrane formation in a spatio-temporally generalized prisoner’s dilemma, in H. Umeo et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cellular

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What is the Problem with Model-based Explanation in Economics?

, Cathleen; and Schmidtz, David. 2015. Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments. In The Prisoner’s Dilemma , ed. by M. Peterson. Cambridge University Press: 243–64. Kirkham, Richard L. 1992. Theories of Truth. A Critical Introduction . The MIT Press. Kuorikoski, Jaakko; Lehtinen, Aki; and Marchionni, Caterina. 2010. Economic modelling as robustness analysis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61: 541–67. Kuorikoski, Jaakko; Lehtinen, Aki; and Marchionni, Caterina. 2012. Robustness analysis disclaimer: please read the manual before use. Biology and

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Adam’s Smith’s Concept of a Great Society and its Timeliness

Abstract

The article aims to present the concepts of Adam Smith which are important considering the current disputes over liberalism, as well as the challenge that is the maintenance of the world’s economic order. Firstly, the article analyses the significance of the division of labour which is perceived as a fundamental premise for transitioning from small communities and face-to-face exchanges to the impersonal exchange and the expanded social order in which relations with strangers become meaningful. Secondly, the present work indicates that Smith did not neglect the matter of justice when proclaiming the need for freedom. He believed that efficient functioning of the market depends on the political system and a man’s ethical system, and his criticism of interventionism was not directed against the state as an institution co-creating the social order, but against the act of granting special privileges to certain interest groups. Thirdly, the article refers to the concept of coordination described by Scottish moral philosophers and the so-called Smith Problem. In this context, the article presents arguments against the assumption that John Nash’s theory provided proof of the erroneous nature of Adam Smith’s concepts. Arguments in favour of the timelessness of the economic philosophy of the father of economics are also drawn from Vernon Smith’s experimental economy and the research of evolutionary psychologists.

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The performance profile: A multi–criteria performance evaluation method for test–based problems

coevolutionary learning, IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games 1 (3): 214–232. Chong, S.Y. and Yao, X. (2005). Behavioral diversity, choices and noise in the iterated prisoner’s dilemma, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation 9 (6): 540–551. Darwen, P.J. and Yao, X. (2001). Why more choices cause less cooperation in iterated prisoner’s dilemma, Proceedings of the 2001 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, Seoul, South Korea , Vol. 2, pp. 987–994. Darwen, P. and Yao, X. (2000). Does extra genetic diversity maintain

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Party Patronage and State Politicisation in The Post- Communist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe: A Game Theory Approach

Abstract

This article aims at offering a framework for analysing party patronage and state politicisation based on game-theoretic reasoning. It is argued that in order to reveal the main causal mechanisms behind these phenomena, one can focus on the cooperation between political parties analysis based on the model of prisoner’s dilemma. The article identifies four sets of obstacles to party cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe: unstable and polarised party systems; “the rules of the game” legitimising party patronage; dense party networks and their building through patronage; and insufficient regulation and weak enforcement of the merit principle in state administrations. The influence of these causal mechanisms in the post-communist countries can be explored through historical process-tracing and other methods. Finally, the article proposes several country-specific hypotheses for the empirical study of party patronage and state politicisation in Lithuania

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Evolutionary Stable Strategies In Networked Games: The Influence Of Topology

nodes during percolation in networks,” PloS one , vol. 8, no. 1, p. e53095, 2013. [16] F. C. Santos and J. M. Pacheco, “Scale-free networks provide a unifying framework for the emergence of cooperation,” Physical Review Letters , vol. 95, no. 9, p. 098104, 2005. [17] D. B. Fogel, “Evolving behaviors in the iterated prisoner’s dilemma,” Evolutionary Computation , vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 77–97, 1993. [18] C. Adami and A. Hintze, “Evolutionary instability of zero-determinant strategies demonstrates that winning is not everything,” Nature communications

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When are Purely Predictive Models Best?

, Robert. 2013. Degree of explanation. Synthese 190: 3087–105. Northcott, Robert. 2015. Opinion polling and election predictions. Philosophy of Science 82: 1260–71. Northcott, Robert; and Alexandrova, Anna. 2013. It’s just a feeling: why economic models do not explain. Journal of Economic Methodology 20: 262–7. Northcott, Robert; and Alexandrova, Anna. 2015. Prisoner’s Dilemma doesn’t explain much. In The Prisoner’s Dilemma . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Reiss, Julian. 2008. Error in Economics: Towards a More Evidence

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BACKWARD INDUCTION: MERITS AND FLAWS

.F.V. (1934). Marktform Und Gleichgewicht (Market Structure and Equilibrium). Vienna: J. Springer. Tucker, A. W. (1950). A two-person dilemma. Mimeographed paper, Stanford University. Published in 1980 as: On jargon: The prisoner’s dilemma. UMAP Journal 1:101. von Neumann, J. and Morgenstern, O. (1944). Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Zermelo, E. (1913). ¨Uber Eine Anwendung Der Mengenlehre Auf Die Theorie Des Schachspiels. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 501-504.

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Schumpeterian Behavior in a CPR Game: Experimental Evidence from Colombian Fisheries Under TURF’s Management

., Van Olffen, W., and Van Witteloostuijn, A. (2002). Locus of control and learning to cooperate in a prisoner’s dilemma game. Personality and Individual Differences , 32(5), 929-946. Bowen, H.R. (1977). Investment in Learning: The Individual and Social Value of American Higher Education . Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. USA. Bowles, S., Gintis, H., and Osborne, M. (2001). The determinants of earnings. Journal of Economic Literature , 39(4), 1137-1176 Brosig, J. (2002). Identifying cooperative behavior: some experimental results in a prisoner’s dilemma game

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The Give and Take Game: Analysis of a Resource Sharing Game

provision of local and global public goods, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 52 (1): 115–131. Boyd, R., Gintis, H., Bowles, S. and Richerson, P.J. (2003). The evolution of altruistic punishment, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (6): 3531–3535. Brembs, B. (1996). Chaos, cheating and cooperation: Potential solutions to the prisoner’s dilemma, Oikos 76 (1): 14–24. Camerer, C. (2003). Behavioral Game Theory , Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Cason, T.N. and Mui, V.-L. (1998). Social influence in the

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