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The Situational Structure of Primate Beliefs

primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 101-148. Inoue, S. and Matsuzawa, T. (2007). Working memory of numerals in chimpanzees. Current Biology, 17(23), 1004-1005. Jamieson, D. (2009). What do animals think? In R. Lurz (ed.), The philosophy of animal minds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Lurz, R. (2011). Mindreading animals. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. McDowell, J. (1996). Mind and world. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. McDowell, J. (2007). What myth? Reprinted in his

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Analysis of limb movement synchronization in primates locomotion

. Swinging gibbons. Nature, 29 September doi:10.1038/news990930-6. Crompton RH, Vereecke EE, Thorpe SK. 2008. Locomotion and posture from the common hominoid ancestor to fully modern hominins, with special reference to the last common panin/hominin ancestor. J of Anat 212(4):501-43. Dietz V. 2002. Do human bipeds use quadrupedal coordination? Trends Neurosci. 25(9):462-67. Fleagle JG. 2013. Primate adaptation and evolution. 3rd edition. San Diego: CA Academic Press. Hildebrand M. 1967. Symmetrical gaits of primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 26

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Sensitivity to Measurement Errors in Studies on Prosocial Choice using a Two-Choice Paradigm

References Bräuer, J., Hanus, D. (2012). Fairness in non-human primates? Social Justice Research, 25(3), 256-276. Burkart, J., Fehr, E., Efferson, C., van Schaik, C. P. (2007). Other-regarding preferences in a non-human primate: Common marmosets provision food altruistically. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19762-19766. Comerchero, M.D., Polich, J. (1999). P3a and P3b from typical auditory and visual sti- muli. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110(1), 24-30, doi: 10.1016/S0168

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Virological aspects of non-human primates or swine-to human xenotransplantation

.K., Robson, S.C., Fishman, J.A. 2003. Porcine cytomegalovirus and coagulopathy in pig-to-primate xenotransplantation. Transplantation, 75 (11): 1841–1847. Gołąb, J., Basak, G.W. 2012. Immunologia. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa. Günzburg, W.H., Salmons, B. 2000. Xenotransplantation: is the risk of viral infection as great as we thought? Molecular Medicine Today, 6 (5): 199–208. Jura, J., Słomski, R., Gajda, B., Wieczorek, J., Lipiński, D., Kalak, R., Juzwa, W., Zeyland, J. 2006. Uzyskiwanie świń wykorzystywanych w ksenotransplantacji. Biotechnologia, 1

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Methods for measuring mammalian personalities: In which animals and how accurately can we quantify it?


The study of personality, and individual differences in behaviour has experienced a steady rise in popularity in the past years. In this review and meta-analysis, we aim to introduce the concept of personality and related phenomena. A behavioural trait should meet two basic conditions to be considered a personality trait – it should be consistent (1) in time and (2) across contexts. In mammals, the two most common orders in personality studies are primates and rodents. We therefore introduce different approaches to personality testing in these two orders. Primate personality studies are based on psychology studies and often rely on the observer’s ratings. Rodent personality studies originate in the studies of physiology and use an experimental approach. We present a more detailed overview of methodological issues of repeatability as a statistical tool for measuring consistency across time. The classic methods of computing repeatability do not consider habituation and other trends which may become confounding factors and lead to underestimation of repeatability. We also discuss consistency across contexts and different understandings of the context definition. We illustrate the variability of personality studies in mammals with a meta-analysis of repeatability estimates. We found that repeatability of behaviour depends on the methodology of behavioural testing and statistical analyses used, but also the number of test repetitions and differences between the focal behaviours. Repeatability decreased with more repetitions and the tests of aggressiveness and exploratory behaviour yielded lower repeatability estimates than the tests of activity.

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A new nematode, Pongobius hugoti gen. et sp. n. from the orangutan Pongo abelii (Primates: Hominidae)

) serratus sp. nov. (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) from the Proboscis Monkey, Nasalis larvatus (Wurmb, 1787) (Primates: Cercopithecidae: Colobinae), in Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Comp. Parasitol., 70: 128–131 [4] Hasegawa, H., Murata, K., Asakawa, M. (2002): Enterobius (Colobenterobius) pygatrichus sp.n. (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) Collected from a Golden Monkey Pygathrix roxellana (Milne-Edwards, 1870) (Primates: Cercopithecidae: Colobinae). Comp. Parasitol., 69: 62–65[0062:ECPSNN]2

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Comparison of methods for deriving neural progenitor cells from nonhuman primate embryonic stem cells

the induction of rhesus ESCs (Rhesus macaque; Macaca mulatta ) to compare NPC properties including gene expression, homogeneity, and capability of neural differentiation in vitro. Materials and methods ESCs culture rhESCs (obtained ethically and provided by Anthony Chan’s laboratory at the Yerkes National Primate Center, GA, USA; any protocols involving animal care and handling were previously approved by Emory University’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee) were maintained in media composed of knockout-Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (KO

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Intestinal parasites of pets and other house-kept animals in Moscow

) Laboratory diagnosis of helminthiases and protozoosis: MUC 4.2.3145-13, Moscow (In Russian) L evecke , B., D resen , L., D orny , P., V erweij , J., V ercammen , F., C asaert , S., V ercruysse , J., G eldhof , P. (2010): Molecular Identification of Entamoeba spp. In Captive Nonhuman Primates. Clin. Vet. Microbiol ., (48): 2988–2990. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00013-10 L oshchinin , M.N., S tudennikova , U.V., B elimenko , V.V. (2015): Intestinal protozooses of dogs and cats in urbanized ecosystems. Russian Vet. J ., 1: 20 – 21 (In Russian) M alysheva , N.S., S

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Emergence of living language: ontogeny–phylogeny framework and other parallels of linguistics and biology

, metaphor, and the origin of language. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. [25] Hewes, G.W., 1973. Primate communication and the gestural origin of language (and comments and reply). Current Anthropology , 14(1–2), 5–24. [26] Waters, G.S., Fouts, R., 2002. Sympathetic mouth movements accompanying fine motor movements in chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) with implications toward the evolution of language. Neurological Research , 24(2), 174–180. [27] Lieberman, P., 1984. The biology and evolution of language. Harvard University Press. [28

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Social Behavior of Captive Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs (Mammalia, Rodentia) with Changing Numbers of Observers

References Eltorai A. E. M., Sussman R. W. The "Visitor Effect" and captive black-tailed prairie dog behavior // Der Zoologische Garten. — 2010. — 79 . — P. 109-120. Hoogland J. L. The Black-Tailed Prairie Dog: Social Life of a Burrowing Mammal. — Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. Hosey G. R. How does the zoo environment affect the behavior of captive primates? // Applied Animal Behavior Science. — 2005. — 90 . — P. 107-129. King J. A. Social

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