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Contents of Potentially Toxic Metals and Magnetic Susceptibility of Soils Along a Rural – Urban – Rural Gradient in Bratislava City (Slovakia)

Abstract

The concentrations of potentially toxic metals (As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn and Fe) and the values of magnetic susceptibility in surface soils were measured along NW-SE gradient in Bratislava city (rural – urban – rural soils). The results indicate that both the contents of potentially toxic metals (PTMs) and the values of magnetic susceptibility decrease with increasing distance from the city centre in both directions. Urban soils are enriched mainly in Cu, Hg, Pb and Zn. Their elevated concentrations in soils within the city are due to accumulation from anthropogenic activities. There was a statistically significant and positive correlation between the mean values of Tomlinson pollution load index (PLI) and the mean values of magnetic susceptibility in soil samples. This correlation shows that the monitoring of magnetic properties of soils can be used as a rapid and non-destructive tool for the effective determination of environmental pollution in urbanized regions affected by anthropogenic activities.

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Sorption Kinetics Of Selected Heavy Metals Adsorption To Natural And Fe(III) Modified Zeolite Tuff Containing Clinoptilolite Mineral

Abstract

In the research described in this paper, studied was sorption capacity of natural and ferric modification of zeolite tuff containing mineral clinoptilolite from the Nižný Hrabovec deposit to remove potentially toxic metals (ionic forms of chromium, nickel, copper and aluminium) from their water solutions. We reported that the Fe (III) zeolite has an enhanced ability to sorption of Cu (II), and a slight improvement occurs in the case of Cr (VI) and Ni (II). On the other hand, the deterioration was observed in the case of Al (III) adsorption.

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The Response of Artificial Aging to Sorption Properties of Biochar for Potentially Toxic Heavy Metals

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effect of simulated conditions of artificial aging on sorption capacity of two types of biochar. These were produced by slow pyrolysis from different feedstock - beech wood chips (BC A) and garden green waste residues (BC B). Cadmium served as a model for potentially toxic metals. Twenty freeze-thaw cycles were used to simulate physical aging. The determination of biochar physicochemical properties showed main changes in CEC and SA values of aged sorbents. The maximum sorption capacities of aged BC A sorbent were higher by about 26 % and aged BC B sorbent by about 20% compared to Qmax of non-aged biochar. Qmax of aged BC B peaked at 9.4 mg g-1 whereas BC A sorbed significantly less Cd. FT-IR analyses confirmed the changes in structural composition and content of functional groups on biochar surfaces. The artificial physical aging model was assessed as an efficient tool for investigation of natural weathering conditions.

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Ricinus communis L. (Castor bean), a potential multi-purpose environmental crop for improved and integrated phytoremediation

Abstract

Phytoremediation is a plant based environmental cleanup technology to contain (rendering less toxic), sequester and degrade contaminated susbtrates. As can be seen from data metrics, it is gaining cosiderable importance globally. Phytoremediation approach is being applied for cleanup of inorganic (potentially toxic metals), organic (persistent, emergent, poly-acromatic hydrocarbons and crude oil etc.) and co-contaminated (mixture of inorganic and organic) and/or polluted sites globally. Recently new approaches of utilizing abundantly available natural organic amendments have yielded significant results. Ricinus communis L. (Castor bean) is an important multipurpose crop viz., Agricultural, Energy, Environmental and Industrial crop. The current status of knowledge is abundant but scattered which need to be exploited for sustainable development. This review collates and evaluates all the scattered information and provides a critical view on the possible options for exploiting its potential as follows: 1. Origin and distribution, 2. Lead toxicity bioassays, 3. Progress in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi-assisted phytoremediation, 4. Promising bioenergy crop that can be linked to pytoremediation, 5. A renewable source for many bioproducts with rich chemical diversity, 6. It is a good biomonitor and bioindicator of atmospheric pollution in urban areas, 7. Enhanced chelate aided remediation, 8. Its rhizospheric processes accelerate natural attenuation, 9. It is suitable for remediation of crude oil contaminated soil, 10. It is an ideal candidate for aided phytostabilization, 11. Castor bean is a wizard for phytoremediation and 12. Its use in combined phytoextraction and ecocatalysis. Further, the knowledge gaps and scope for future research on sustainable co-generation of value chain and value addition biobased products for sustainable circular economy and environmental security are described in this paper.

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Differences in ability of selected amaranth cultivars to accumulate risky metals / Zróżnicowana zdolność wybranych odmian szarłatu (Amaranhtus) do pobierania i akumulacji metali ciężkich z gleb

future application in bread making. Agricultura, 6: 43-53. OLAYINKA K.O., OYEYIOLA A.O., ODUJEBE F.O., OBOH B. 2011. Uptake of potentially toxic metals by vegetable plants grown on contaminated soil and their potential bioavailability using sequential extraction. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 2(8): 220-227. ONDO J.A., BIYOGO R.M., ABOGO MEBALE A.J., EBA F. 2012. Pot experiment of the uptake of metals by Amaranthus cruentus grown in artificially doped soils by copper and zinc. Food Science and Quality Management, 9

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Concentration of Elements in Food: How Can It Reflect Impact of Environmental and Other Influencing Factors?

-1289. 12. Vincevica-Gaile, Z., Klavins, M., Rudovica, V., et al. Geographical Dissemination of Trace and Major Elements in Honey. In: Brebbia, C. A. (ed.) Sustainability Today, WIT Press, 2012, p. 211-220. 13. Vincevica-Gaile, Z., Klavins, M., Rudovica, V., et al. Potentially Toxic Metals in Honey from Latvia: Is There Connection with Botanical Origin? In: Ramos, R. A. R., Straupe, I., Panagopoulos, T. (eds.) Recent Researches in Environment, Energy Systems & Sustainability, WSEAS Press, 2012, p. 158-163. 14. Vincevica-Gaile, Z., Klavins

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Forms and mobility of trace elements in soils of park areas from the city of Bydgoszcz, north Poland

land use and cover types. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71: 1010–1019. Regulation of the Minister of the Environment dated September 9, 2002 on soil and land quality standards (Journal of Laws 165, item 1359, October 4, 2002). Shi G.T., Chen S.Y., Xu J., Zhang L., Wang C.J. Bi J.Y., 2008. Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China. Environmental Pollution 156: 251–260.

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Carbon and lead fractions in the soil on the margins of peatmoors / Frakcje węgla i ołowiu w glebach z obrzeża torfowiska

. 115. Wydaw. IMUZ Falenty. SAPEK B., SAPEK A., GOTKIEWICZ J. 1991. Różnicowanie się składu chemicznego warstwy murszowej gleb torfowych. Wiad. Inst. Melior. Użyt. Ziel. 16, 3: 109-131. SMIEJA-KRÓL B., FIAŁKIEWICZ-KOZIEŁ B, SIKORSKI J., PALOWSKI B. 2010. Heavy metal behaviour in peat – A mineralogical perspective. Science of the Total Environment. 408: 5924-5931. SMITH E.J., HUGHES S., LAWLOR A.J., LOFTS S., SIMON B.M., STEVENS P.A., STIDSON R.T., TIPPING E., VINCENT C.D. 2005. Potentially toxic metals in ombrotrophic peat along a 400 km

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Simultaneous and Sequential Extraction Protocols as Tools for Determination of Zinc Bioavailability in Dried Anaerobic Sludge

in the European Arctic (Finland, Norway and Russia). Environ. Pollut., 96, 1997, 261-274. RUDD, T., CMAPBELL, J.A., LESTER, N.J.: The use of model compounds to elucidate metal forms in sewage sludge. Environ. Pollut., 50, 1988, 225 STOVER, R.C., SOMMERS, L.E., SILVIERA, D.J.: Evaluation of metals in wastewater sludge. J. Water Pollut., 48, 1976, 2165. TESSIER, A., CAMPBELL, P.G.C., BISSON, M.: J. Anal. Chem., 51, 1979, 844. TICA, D., UDOVIC, M., LESTAN, D.: Immobilisation of potentially toxic metals

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The effect of environmental conditions on surface water quality in the Zimnik and Czyrna catchments of the Beskid Śląski

Lubelskiej i Roztocza. Lublin, UMCS: 298. Munk L. A. Faure G., 2004. Effects of pH fluctuations on potentially toxic metals in the water and sediment of the Dillon Reservoir, Summit County, Colorado. Appl. Geochem, 19(7): 1065-1074. Pacholewski A., Liszka P., Guzik M., Zembal., Paszek L. 2004. Informacja o jakości wód podziemnych w województwie Śląskim w 2004 roku http://bip.katowice.pios.gov.pl Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 11 lutego 2004 r. w sprawie klasyfikacji dla prezentowania

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