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crosslinguistic perspective. Journal of Slavic Linguistics, 5(2), 193-233. Bloch-Trojnar, M. (2013). The mechanics of transposition. A study of action nominalisations in English, Irish and Polish. Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL Bosque, I. and Picallo, C. (1996). Postnominal adjectives in Spanish DPs. Journal of Linguistics, 32, 349-385. Brito, A. M. (2008). Thematic adjectives with process unaccusative nominals and grammar variation. Cuadernos de Lingüistica, 15, 13-32. Corbett, G. (1987). The morphology/syntax interface: Evidence from possessive adjectives in Slavonic. Language, 63

References Reymont, W. (1919). Za frontem. Warszawa Rönblom, H.K. (1958). Tala om rep. Stockholm Corbett, G. (1987). The Morphology/Syntax Interface: Evidence from Possessive Adjectives in Slavonic. Language vol. 63 no 2, s. 299-345. Grošelj, M. (1955). O posesivnem adjektivu v slovanšcini in toharšcini, Slavisticna Revija VIII, 1-2, Ljubljana. Heinz, A. (1957). Uwagi nad funkcja znaczeniowa przymiotnika odrzeczownikowego. Jezyk polski XXVI, s. 257-274. Honowska, M. (1963). Geneza złożonej odmiany przymiotników w swietle faktów jezyka starocerkiewno

Abstract

In the contemporary Czech, in both spoken and especially in written form, possessive adjectives are replaced by possessive genitives, which are originally colloquial constructions only. In the last stage of this development, the postpositive genitive changes into prepositive: Klárčina maminka, maminka Klárky, Klárky maminka (‘Klárka’s mother’). The Czech language thus loses another means of inflection and gets closer to an agglutinative language type. This change (deflective tendency) is also supported by the loss of introflexion, i.e. the loss of morphophonological alternations, in our example k – č, in other cases r – ř, g – ž, ch – š, etc. (Klárčin – Klárky [‘Klárka’s’], sestra – sestřin [‘sister’s’], Olga – Olžin [‘Olga’s’] etc.).

Abstract

This article deals with the linguistic competition of the possessive genitive and possessive adjectives in contemporary spoken Czech language. It focuses on the differences between the constructions of the type Barbořin byt (Barbora’s flat), byt (naší) Barbory (the flat of (our) Barbora) and (naší) Barbory byt ((our) Barbora’s flat). The paper’s aimis to find out which of the possessive structures are preferred by speakers (and alternatively for what reason) or whether the frequency of their usage is equal. At first, both ways of expressing the possession with all their restrictions are described from the theoretical point of view. Moreover, the semantic relation of possessivity is specified. The next section suggests the influences which may govern the preference of the speaker. Within empirical research, data from the corpus of spoken Czech (ORALv1) are examined and it is seeked for explanation of factors that influence the choice of the structure. This also demonstrates whether one of the possessive structures has a dominant position or whether they occur in similar numbers.

-linguistic approach. New York: Oxford University Press. Condoravdi, Cleo. 1989. The middle: Where semantics and morphology meet. In MIT working papers in linguistics 11. 18-30. Corbett, Greville G. 1987. The morphology/syntax interface: Evidence from possessive adjectives in Slavonic. Language 63(2). 299-344. Diesing, Molly. 1992. Indefinites. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Drachman, Gaberell & Angeliki Malikouti-Drachman. 1992. Stress and Greek compounding. Unpublished manuscript, University of Salzberg. Emonds, Joseph. 1976. A transformational approach to English syntax: Root

Indogermanischen]. Heidelberg: Winter. Mažiulis, Vytautas. 2004. Prūsų kalbos istorinė gramatika. Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla. Melchert, H. Craig. 2012. Genitive Case and Possessive Adjective in Anatolian. In Orioles V. (ed.), Studi in ricordo. Linguistica storica e teorica per Roberto Gusmani, Vol. II, tomo 1, 273-286. Meriggi, Piero. 1980. Schizzo gramaticale delľAnatolico. Roma: Atti della Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Memorie: Classe di Scienze morali, storiche e filologiche, Serie VIII, Volume XXIV, Fasc. 3. MLH = Wodtko, Dagmar & Untermann, Jürgen. Monumenta