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1. 14 , 15 Two other important polymorphic GSTs are GSTM1 (Mu class) and GSTT1 (Theta class). 15 , 16 Genes coding for GSH related enzymes are polymorphic. Among the most commonly investigated promoter polymorphisms of the GCLC and GCLM genes are GCLC rs17883901 (c.-129C>T) and GCLM rs41303970 (c.-590 C>T). 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 Some studies indicated that polymorphisms in GCLC and GCLM genes are associated with low levels of reduced GSH in vitro , which may explain susceptibility to certain diseases related to oxidative stress. 17 , 18 The GCLC

, Sahatciu-Meka V, Kerliu A, et al. 2009. Helicobacter pylori gastritis updated Sydney classification applied in our material. Prilozi 2009; 30: 45-60. 8. Ishihara S, Rumi MA, Kadowaki Y, Ortega-Cava CF, Yuki T, Yoshino N, et al. Essential role of MD-2 in TLR4-dependent signaling during Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis. J Immunol 2004; 173: 1406-16. 9. Lu W, Pan H, Zhang L, Lin D, Miao X, You W. Genetic polymorphisms of inter-leukin IL-1B, IL-1RN, IL-8, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor α and risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population. Carcinogenesis

References AHEM. (2007). Metody biologického monitorování genotoxických účinků faktorů prostředí. Cytogenetická analýza periferních lymfocytů. Aktualizace platné standardní metodiky. AHEM. [in Czech] 1/2007, SZÚ, Praha, 30pp Angelini S, Kumar R, Carbone F, Bermejo JL, Maffei F, Cantelli-Forti G, Hemminki K and Hrelia P. (2008). Inherited susceptibility to bleomycin-induced micronuclei: correlating polymorphisms in GSTT1, GSTM1 and DNA repair genes with mutagen sensitivity. Mutat Res   638 : 90-97. Bilban M, Jakopin CB and Ogrinc D. (2005). Cytogenetic tests

, Zondervan PE, et al. Are cytokine gene polymorphisms related to in vitro cytokine production profiles? Liver Transpl. 2003;9(2):170-81. doi:10.1053/jlts.2002.50014 PMID:12548511 Hoffmann SC, Stanley EM, Cox ED, DiMercurio BS, Koziol DE, Harlan DM, et al. Ethnicity greatly influences cytokine gene polymorphism distribution. Am J Transplant. 2002;2(6):560-7. doi:10.1034/j.1600-6143.2002.20611.x PMID:12118901 Louie LG, Silver, EW, Direskeneli GS, Schmelzer K, Kearney FC, Crowley J et al. Worldwide variation in cytokine genes. In: HLA 2002: immunobiology of the human MHC

receptors and cancer. Curr Opin Immunol. 2007; 19: 239-45. 10.1016/j.coi.2007.01.005 14. Ravetch JV, Perussia B. Alternative membrane forms of FcγRIII (CD16) on human natural killer cells and neutropils. Journal Experimental Medicine. 1989; 170: 481-97 15. Bowles JA, Weiner GJ. CD16 polymorphisms and NK activation induced by monoclonal antibody-coated target cells. J Immunol Methods. 2005; 304: 88-99. 16. Bowles JA, Wang SY, Link BK, Allan B, Beuerlein G, Campbell M, et.al. Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody with enhanced affinity for CD16 activates NK cells at lower

:324-330. 4. Barbieri CL: Immunology of canine leishmaniasis. Parasite Immunol 2008; 28:329-337. 5. Quinnell RJ, Kennedy LJ, Barnes A, Courtenay O, Dye C, Garcez LM, Shaw MA, Carter SD, Thomson W, Ollier WE: Susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis in the domestic dog is associated with MHC class II polymorphism. Immunogenetics 2003, 55:23-28. 6. Symeonidou I, Hatzistilianou M, Papadopoulos E, Dovas CI, Karagouni E, Pappa S, Pantzartzi C, Kourelis A, Frydas S: Susceptibility and resistance to canine leishmaniosis is associated to polymorphisms of the canine TNF-α gene. Eur

-18 promoter: a possible role of polymorphisms in expression regulation. J Neuroimmunol. 2001; 112(1-2): 146-152. Tiret L, Godefroy T, Lubos E, Nicaud V, Tregouet DA, Barbaux S, Schnabel R, Bickel C, Espinola-Klein C, Poirier O, Perret C, Munzel T, Rupprecht HJ, Lackner K, Cambien F, Blankenberg S, for the AtheroGene Investigators. Genetic analysis of the interleukin-18 aystem highlights the role of the interleukin-18 gene in cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2005; 112(5): 643-650. Hernesniemi JA, Karhunen PJ, Rontu R, Ilveskoski E, Kajander O, Goebeler S, Viiri

References AHEM. (2007). Metody biologického monitorování genotoxických účinků faktorů prostředí. Cytogenetická analýza periferních lymfocytů. Aktualizácia platnej štandardnej metodiky. AHEM 1/2007, SZÚ, Praha, 30 pp. Angelini S, Kumar R, Carbone F, Bermejo JL, Maffei F, Cantelli-Forti G, Hemminki K and Hrelia P. (2008). Inherited susceptibility to bleomycin-induced micronuclei: correlating polymorphisms in GSTT1, GSTM1 and DNA repair genes with mutagen sensitivity. Mutat Res   638 : 90-97. Burgaz S, Karahalil B, Canhi Z, Terzioglu F, Ancel G, Anzion RB, Bos

References 1. Goldstein JA. Clinical relevance of genetic polymorphisms in the human CYP2C subfamily. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2001; 52(4):349-55. 2. Sarah C Sim. The Human Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Allele Nomenclature Database. http://www.cypalleles.ki.se/, Accessed on December 2012. 3. Zhou SF, Liu JP, Chowbay B. Polymorphism of human cytochrome P450 enzymes and its clinical impact. Drug Metab Rev. 2009; 41(2):89-295. 4. García-Martín E, Martínez C, Ladero JM, Gamito FJ, Agúndez JA. High frequency of mutations related to impaired CYP2C9 metabolism in a Caucasian

References 1. Borroni B, Rao R, Liberini P, Venturelli E, Cossandi M, Archetti S, et al. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (Glu298Asp) polymorphism is an independent risk factor for migraine with aura. Headache. 2006; 46(10): 1575-1579. 2. Toriello M, Oterino A, Pascual J, Castillo J, Colás R, Alonso-Arranz A, et al. Lack of association of endothelial nitricoxide synthase polymorphisms and migraine. Headache. 2008; 48(7): 1115-1119. 3. Gruber HJ, Bernecker C, Lechner A, Weiss S, Wallner-Blazek m, Meinitzer A, et al. Increased nitric oxide stress is associated