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The basic purpose of compaction is to obtain a green compact with sufficient strength to withstand further handling operations. The strength of green compact is influenced by the characteristics of the powders (apparent density, particle size and shape, internal pores etc.), the processing parameters (applied force, pressing type, and temperature) and testing conditions (strain rate etc.) Successful powder cold compaction is determined by the densification and structural transformations of powders (metallic powders, ceramic powders and metal-ceramic powder mixtures) during the compaction stages. In this paper, for understanding the factors that determine a required strength of compacted metal-ceramic powder mixtures, we present the densification mechanisms of different mixtures according to densification theories of compaction, the elastic-plastic deformations of mixture powders, the stressstrain relations and the relaxation behavior of compacted metal-ceramic composite parts and the particularities of each of them.

scientific research institute of aviation materials, Oborongiz, Moskow, 1946 . [16] Robert, H. “Mathematical theory of plasticity” ed. trans. Grigolyuk, E. I., Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1956 . [17] Kaminsky, A.A., Bastun, V.N. “Deformation hardening and fracture of metals at variable loading processes”, Scientific Thought, Kyiv, 1985 . [18] Shkodzinsky, O.K., Kozbur, G.V. “Investigation of the stability of the process of plastic deformation of a thin-walled tube under conditions of complex stress state”, Bulletin of the TDTU 14 (3), pp. 24 – 31, 2009 . [19] Giginyak, F

structure by plastic deformations , Materials Science Forum, 783-786, 842-847. 7. Makarov P.V., Schmauder S., Cherepanov O.I., Smolin I.Yu., Romanova V.A., Balokhonov R.R., Saraev D.Yu., Soppa E., Kizler P., Fischer G., Hu S., Ludwig M. (2004), Simulation of elastic–plastic deformation and fracture of materials at micro-, meso- and macrolevels , Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 37(1-3), 183-244. 8. Makarov P.V., Schmauder S., Cherapanov I.O., Smolin Yu.I., Romanova A.V., Balokhonov R.R., Saraev D.Yu., Soppa E., Kizler P., Fischer G., Hu S., Ludwig M

Reference 1. C orrea S oares G. et al. 2017. Strain hardening behavior and micro-structural evolution during plastic deformation of dual phase, non-grain oriented electrical and AISI 304 steels , Materials Science and Engineering A 684, 577-585. 2. G auzzi F. et al . 2006. AISI 304 steel: anomalous evolution of martensitic phase following heat treatments at 400 °C , Materials Science and Engineering A 438-440, 202-206. 3. J akobsen P.T., M aahn E. 2001. Temperature and potential dependence of crevice corrosion of AISI 316 steel , Corrosion Science 43

References 1. Alwahdi F.A.M., Kapoor A., Franklin F.J.: Subsurface microstructural analysis and mechanical properties of pearlitic rail steels in service. Wear 302 (2013), 1453-1460. 2. Cvetkovski K., Ahlström J.: Characterisation of plastic deformation and thermal softening of the surface layer of railway passenger wheel treads. Wear 300 (2013), 200-204. 3. Murawa F.: Radsätze für Schienenfahrzeuge - grundsätzliche Gedanken zur Dimensionierung. EI - Eisenbahningenieur 55 (1/2004), 40-47. 4. Poschmann I., Heermant C.: Werkstoffe für rollendes Bahnmaterial

The paper presents an aproximate analytic method for determination of the stored energy of plastic deformation during cold bending of metal tubes at bending machines. Calculations were performed for outer points of the tube layers subjected to tension and compression (the points of maximum strains). The percentage of stored energy related to the plastic strain work was determined and the results were presented in graphs. The influence and importance of the stored energy of plastic deformation on the service life of pipeline bends are discussed.

, it is possible to estimate the deformations u z of the bottom plates, caused by different types of soil settlements ( Fig. 2 ). Figure 6 Geometry of the analyzed steel tank on a type C foundation with loosened soil zone ( K z1 ) and deformations u z of the bottom plate and u r of the shell. Figure 7 Comparison of vertical deformations u z of tank bottom plates and radial deformations u r at the point No. 2 for type A and type B foundations of uniform stiffness K z ( Fig. 4 , Fig. 5 ). Figure 8 Elastic-plastic deformations u r of bottom plates at the


This article deals with non-destructive evaluation of austenitic stainless steels, which are used as the biomaterials in medical practice. Intrinsic magnetic field is investigated using the fluxgate sensor, after the applied plastic deformation. The three austenitic steel types are studied under the same conditions, while several values of the deformation are applied, respectively. The obtained results are presented and discussed in the paper.

.G., Rucki, M., Lavrynenko, S.N. (2008). Interferometry and scanning microscopy in asperity measurement of biomedical surfaces. Nanotechnology Perceptions , 4, 265-288. [5] Dotson, C.L. (2016). Fundamentals of Dimensional Metrology . Cengage Learning. [6] Messerschmidt, U. (2010). Dislocation Dynamics During Plastic Deformation. Springer. [7] Kluz, R., Trzepiecinski, T. (2015). Analysis of the optimal orientation of robot gripper for an improved capability assembly process. Robotics and Autonomous Systems , 74, 253-266. [8] Kluz, R., Trzepiecinski, T. (2014). The

1 Introduction Surface plastic deformation is often applied proceeding operation. Using this method allows to solve some technological problems such as decreasing roughness, hardening surface layer, forming required relief [ 1 ]. As a result of surface plastic deformation microstructure and physical properties of surface layer can be changed, hardness, strength, wear resistance increased, useful stress field appeared. The are many different modifications of surface plastic deformation such as knurling, bead-blasting treatment, caulking, ironing. The technologist