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1 Introduction The question of quality in spatial planning has inspired a great variety of thought in planning theory, as it addresses both the legitimation of planning as a discipline and the evaluation of planning effectiveness. The distinction between good and bad plans influences the perception of what planners do or should do and, therefore, provides guidance for planning processes and planning outcomes ( Alexander/Faludi 1989 ). Furthermore, plan quality is important for successful plan implementation ( Berke/Backhurst/Day et al. 2006 ). Bear (1997

R eferences 1. Adell, G. Theories and Models of the Peri-urban Interface : a Changing Conceptual Landscape. London: Development Planning Unit, UCL, 1999 [online]. UCL [cited 22.04.2016]. 2. Allen, A. Environmental Planning and Management of Peri-urban Interface : Perspective on an Emerging Field. Environment and Urbanization , 2003, No. 1 (15), p. 135–148. 3. Ramanauskas, E., Dringelis, L. The Impact of Urban Planning on the Development of Territorial Land Resources : Experience

R eferences 1. Lerner, J. Playing with power: Participatory planning games in Rosario’s villas. Latin American Perspectives , 2013, Vol. 20, Issue 189, pp. 185–201. 2. Shipley, R., Shipley, S. UTZ. Making it Count: A Review of the Value and Techniques for Public Consultation. Journal of Planning Literature , 2012, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 22–42. 3. Horelli, L. A Methodology of Participatory Planning. In Robert B. Bechtel, Robert & Arza Churchman, ed., Handbook of

Flächen in großmaßstäblichen Plänen, abstrahierende Leitvorstellungen für die Ausbildung räumlicher Funktionssysteme (Zentrale Orte, Achsen, Strukturräume) im kleinen Maßstab. Diese Sichtweise führt zu einem System von Plänen, in denen der gleiche Ausschnitt der Erdoberfläche mit Planinhalten unterschiedlicher Aussagenschärfe überlagert wird. Wenn für mehrere Planungsebenen jeweils ein eigenständiger Plan aufgestellt wird, entsteht eine mehrfache Zielbestimmung für dieselbe Fläche. Damit diese Zielbestimmung konsistent und wirksam ausfällt, haben sich nachgeordnete

2007 [online]. FEMA [cited 2013.12.07.]. Crowe, T . D. Crime prevention through environmental design . Wlatham: Elsevier, 2013. 360 p. Crowe T.D. Crime prevention through environmental design Wlatham Elsevier 2013 360 Stankevice, I., Sinkiene, J., Zaleckis, K., Matijošaitienė, I., Navickaite, K. What does a city master plan tell us about our safety? Comparative analysis of Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipeda. Social science , Vol. 80, Issue 2, 2013, p. 64–76.

R eferences 1. Bontje, M. Facing the challenge of shrinking cities in East Germany: The case of Leipzig. GeoJournal , Vol. 61, No. 1, 2004, pp. 13–21. 2. Hollander, J. B., Pallagst, K., Schwarz, T., Popper, F. J. Planning Shrinking Cities [online]. SSRN Scholarly Paper [cited 02.01.2019.]. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, 2009. 3. Pallagst, K. Shrinking cities: planning challenges from an international perspective. Cities Growing Smaller . Kent State

1 Introduction Coastal and marine areas represent an increasingly relevant and important action space for spatial planning. Increasing demands and competing claims on marine space and the coastal zone associated with the development of off-shore renewable energy and promotion of the 'blue economy' The term 'blue economy' is employed to refer to all economic activities dependent on the sea ( European Commission 2012 ). The term 'blue growth' is employed in a similar manner to refer to growth of economic activities at sea. , increased density of marine traffic

, City Hall, interview by A. Jovanović. Utica, November 27, 2016. 5. Expert in urban planning, based in Nis, interview by A. Jovanović. Nis, November 23, 2015. 6. Filipović, B. Mineralne, termalne i termomineralne vode Srbije. Vrnjacka Banja, Beograd: Udruzenje banjskih i klimatskih mesta/Institut za Hidrogeologiju RGF Beograd, 2004. 278 p. 7. Ecocity, Book 2 : How to make it happen [P. Gaffron, G. Huismans, F. Skala, ed.]. Deliverable of the project, Vienna: Facultas Verlags- und Buchhandels AG, 2008. 82 p. 8. Gajić, B. Uspešno bavljenje energetskom efikasnošću

R eferences 1. Cuthber, R. A. The form of cities. Political economy and urban design . Malden, Oxford, Carlton: Blackwell Publishing, 2006. 324 p. 2. Čiurlytė, M. Panevėžio centrinės dalies urbanistinių erdvių sistemos urbanistinė architektūrinė koncepcija / Urban Architectural Concept of the Urban Spaces System in the Central part of Panevėžys [final work of master’s studies of architecture, tutor A. Vyšniūnas]. Vilnius: VGTU 2014. 3. Daunora, Z. J. Urbanistikos mokslo ir studijų vietos Lietuvos klasifikatoriuose paradoksai. Town planning and Architecture


The paper is focused on ageism in urban planning, taking the Italian WWII planning heritage in Albania as a case study. It expounds three main issues: acknowledgment of modern heritage, dissemination of autocratic identity, and historical planning apparatus. The text investigates autocratic plans as purest fulfilment of Euclidean space, before relentless urban transformations affect cities.