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REFERENCES 1. Spasovski G, Vanholder R, Allolio B et al; Hyponatraemia Guideline Development Group. Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia. Eur J Endocrinol. 2014;170(3):G1-47. 2. Yamashiro S, Fuwa I, Seto H, Ushio Y. Initial and postoperative hyponatremia associated with pituitary adenoma:a case report. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1997;139:987-91. 3. Adrogué HJ, Madias NE Hyponatremia. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1581. 4. Thompson C, Hoorn EJ. Hyponatriemia: an overview of frequency, clinical presentation and complications. Clin Endocr

References 1. Jameson JL, DeGroot LJ, De Kretser DM (David M., Giudice L, Grossman A, Melmed S, Potts JT, Weir GC. Endocrinology : adult & pediatric. Elsevier Inc. 2016. 2. Amar AP, Weiss MH. Pituitary anatomy and physiology. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2003; DOI:10.1016/S1042-3680(02)00017-7. 3. Molitch ME. Anterior Pituitary. Goldman’s Cecil Med. Twenty Fourth Ed., 2011; DOI:10.1016/B978-1-4377-1604-7.00231-1. 4. Lauson HD. Metabolism of antidiuretic hormones. Am J Med. 1967;42:713–44; DOI:10.1016/0002-9343(67)90091-5. 5. Gutkowska J, Jankowski M. Oxytocin Revisited

References Yokoyama T, Yoshino A, Katayama Y, Watanabe T, Kashima Y, Yoshikawa T., et al. Metastatic pituitary tumour from renal cell carcinoma treated by fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (Case report). Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2004; 44: 47-52. Fassett DR, Couldwell WT. Metastases to the pituitary gland. Neurosurg Focus 2004; 16: E8. James RL Jr, Arsenis G, Stoler M, Nelson C, Baran D. Hypophyseal metastatic renal cell carcinoma and pituitary adenoma. Case report and review of the literature. Am J Med 1984; 76: 337-40. Koshiyama H, Ohgaki K, Hida

References 1. Cooper O, Melmed S. Subclinical hyperfunctioning pituitary adenomas: The silent tumors. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012;26(4):447-60. 2. Jaffe CA. Clically non-functioning pituitary adenoma. Pituitary. 2006;9:317-321. 3. Asa SL. Tumors of the pituitary gland. AFIP atlas of tumor pathology. American Registry of Pathology, Washington, DC, 2011, 55-172. 4. Colao A, Auriemma RS, Lombardi G, Pivonello R. Resistance to somatostatin analogs in acromegaly. Endocr Rev. 2011;32:247-271. 5. Biller BM, Colao A, Petersenn S, Bonert VS, Boscaro M

References 1. Jho HD, Carrau RL. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: experience with 50 patients. J Neurosurg. 1997;87:44–51. 2. Gondim J a, Almeida JPC, Albuquerque LAF, et al. Endoscopic endonasal approach for pituitary adenoma: surgical complications in 301 patients. Pituitary. 2011;14:174–83. 3. Mert A, Micko A, Donat M, et al. An advanced navigation protocol for endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. World Neurosurg 2014;82:S95–105. 4. Yano S, Shinojima N, Kawano T, et al. Endoscopic endonasal skull base approach for parasellar lesions: Initial

References 1. Banerjeei S.K., Zoubine M.N., Sarkar D.K., Weston A.P., Shah J.H., Campbell D.R.: 2-Methoxyestradiol blocks estrogen-induced rat pituitary tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis: possible role of vascular endothelial growth factor. Anticancer Res 2000, 20 , 2641-2645. 2. Basini G., Bussolati S., Santini S.E., Bianchi F., Careri M., Mangia A., Musci M., Grasselli F.: Antiangiogenesis in swine ovarian follicle: A potential role for 2- methoxyestradiol. Steroids 2007, 72 , 660-665. 3. Basini G., Santini S.E., Grasselli F.: 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibits

.M., Živanović, J.B., Ajdžanović, V.Z., Nikolić-Kokić, A.L., Stanković, S.D., Trifunović, S.L., Milošević, V.Lj., Nestorović, N.M. (2015). Effects of soy phytoestrogens on pituitary-ovarian function in middle-aged female rats. Endocrine 50, 764-776. PMid:26215277 40. Lindner, H.R. (1976). Occurrence of anabolic agents in plants and their importance. Environ Qual Safety Suppl. pp. 151–158. 41. Allred, C.D., Allred, K.F., Ju, Y.H., Virant, S.M., Helferich, W.G. (2001). Soy diets containing varying amounts of genistein stimulate growth

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is usually characterized by a very thin or interrupted pituitary stalk, complicated by an ectopic posterior pituitary and impaired delivery of hormones secreted by the hypothalamus to the pituitary through the pituitary stalk, which results in dysplasia of the anterior pituitary [ 1 ]. PSIS was first described by Fujisawa in 1987 [ 2 ]. Chinese researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) of the sellar region in studies of primordial dwarfism as early as 1993 [ 3 ]. Since Ying Liu et

References 1. Besedowsky HO, del Rey A. Immune-neuro-endocrine interactions: facts and hypotheses. Endocr Rev 1996; 17(1): 64-102. 2. Denef C. Paracrinicity: the story of 30 years of cellular pituitary crosstalk. J Neuroendocrinol 2008; 20(1): 1-70. 3. Noda T, Kaidzu S, Kikuchi M, Yashiro T. Topographic affinities of hormone-producing cells in the rat anterior pituitary gland. Acta Histochem Cytochem 2001; 34(5): 313-9. 4. Stefaneanu L, Kovacs K. Changes in structure and function of the pituitary. Pathology of the aging rat. Aging 1994; 2: 173-91. 5. Ooka H

References Ahsan, S. N., 1966. Effects of gonadotropic hormones on male hypophysectomized lake chub, Couesius plumbeus . Can. J. Zool ., 44 (4), 703–717. Assem, S. S., El-Boray K. F. 2001. Cell type distribution and comparative studies of gonadotropin cells in the pituitary gland of female Rhabdosargus haffara reared in saline and brakish water. Egypt. J. Aqua. Res ., 27, 109–134. Ball, J. N., Baker, B. I. 1969. The pituitary gland: Anatomy and Histophysiology. In: Hoar, M. S., Randall, D. J. eds. Fish Physiology . Academic Press, New York, 11, 1