Shady A. Mottaleb, Essam Darwish, Menna Mostafa and Gehan Safwat
Soil salinity causes an annual deep negative impact to the global agricultural economy. In this study, the effects of salinity on early seedling physiology of two Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) cultivars differing in their salinity tolerance were examined. Also the potential use of a low cost mini-rhizotron system to measure variation in root system architecture (RSA) traits existing in both cultivars was assessed. Salt tolerant cotton cultivar ‘Giza 90’ produced significantly higher root and shoot biomass, accumulated lower Na+/K+ ratio through a higher Na+ exclusion from both roots and leaves as well as synthesized higher proline contents compared to salt sensitive ‘Giza 45’ cultivar. Measuring RSA in mini-rhizotrons containing solid MS nutrient medium as substrate proved to be more precise and efficient than peat moss/sand mixture. We report superior values of main root growth rate, total root system size, main root length, higher number of lateral roots and average lateral root length in ‘Giza 90’ under salinity. Higher lateral root density and length together with higher root tissue tolerance of Na+ ions in ‘Giza 90’ give it an advantage to be used as donor genotype for desirable root traits to other elite cultivars.
Iliya Krachunov, Nikolay Kyuchukov, Zlatina Ivanova, Nikolay A. Yanev, Petkana A. Hristova, Plamen Pavlov, Pavlina Glogovska, Tsanya Popova and Yavor Y. Ivanov
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Vania M. Youroukova, Denitsa G. Dimitrova, Anna D. Valerieva, Spaska S. Lesichkova, Tsvetelina V. Velikova, Ekaterina I. Ivanova-Todorova and Kalina D. Tumangelova-Yuzeir
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Balsamo A, Cacciari E, Baldazzi L, Tartaglia L, Cassio A, Mantovani V, Piazzi S, Cicognani A, Pirazzoli P, Mainetti B, Zappulla F. CYP21 analysis and phenotype/genotype relationship in the screened population of the Italian Emilia-Romana region. Clin Endocrinol 2000; 53(1): 117-125.
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Zamin S. Siddiqui, Jung-Il Cho, Sung-Han Park, Taek-Ryoun Kwon, Gang-Seob Lee, Mi-Jeong Jeong, Kyung-Whan Kim, Seong-Kon Lee and Soo-Chul Park
, G. N., 2000: Chlorophyll fluorescence - a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 659-668.
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MUNNS, R., JAMES, R. A., SIRAULT, X. R. R., FURBANK, R. T., JONES, H. G., 2010: New phenotyping methods for screening wheat and barley for beneficial responses to water deficit. Journal of
Ioana Todor, Dana Muntean, Maria Neag, Corina Bocsan, Anca Buzoianu, Laurian Vlase, Daniel Leucuta, Ana-Maria Gheldiu, Adina Popa and Corina Briciu
polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6): clinical consequences, evolutionary aspects and functional diversity. Pharmacogenomics J. 2005;5:6-13.
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Bahareh Rabbani, Mohammad Taghi Akbari, Nejat Mahdieh, Ehya Zaridust, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Hsien-Hsiung Lee, Richard Auchus and Ali Rabbani
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