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Phenotyping Root System Architecture of Cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) Grown Under Salinity

Abstract

Soil salinity causes an annual deep negative impact to the global agricultural economy. In this study, the effects of salinity on early seedling physiology of two Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) cultivars differing in their salinity tolerance were examined. Also the potential use of a low cost mini-rhizotron system to measure variation in root system architecture (RSA) traits existing in both cultivars was assessed. Salt tolerant cotton cultivar ‘Giza 90’ produced significantly higher root and shoot biomass, accumulated lower Na+/K+ ratio through a higher Na+ exclusion from both roots and leaves as well as synthesized higher proline contents compared to salt sensitive ‘Giza 45’ cultivar. Measuring RSA in mini-rhizotrons containing solid MS nutrient medium as substrate proved to be more precise and efficient than peat moss/sand mixture. We report superior values of main root growth rate, total root system size, main root length, higher number of lateral roots and average lateral root length in ‘Giza 90’ under salinity. Higher lateral root density and length together with higher root tissue tolerance of Na+ ions in ‘Giza 90’ give it an advantage to be used as donor genotype for desirable root traits to other elite cultivars.

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Stability of Frequent Exacerbator Phenotype in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

change in exacerbation frequency in COPD. Respir Res 2013;14:79. 8. Bhowmik A, Seemungal TA, Sapsford RJ, et al. Relation of sputum inflammatory markers to symptoms and lung function changes in COPD exacerbations. Thorax 2000;55:114-20. 9. Tomioka R, Tomotaka K, Suetomo M, et al. “Frequent exacerbator” is a phenotype of poor prognosis in Japanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2016;11:207-216. 10. Husebø G, Bakke P, Aanerud M, et al. Predictors of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary

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Phenotypes Determined by Cluster Analysis in Moderate to Severe Bronchial Asthma

REFERENCES 1. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. 2016. 2. Mileva Z, Popov T, Staneva M, et al. [Frequency and characteristics of the allergic diseases in Bulgaria.] Allergy and asthma, 2000;5 (Supl.1):3-32 [Bulgarian]. 3. Haldar P, Pavord I, Shaw D, et al. Cluster analysis and clinical asthma phenotypes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008;178:218-24. 4. Moore W, Meyers D, Wenzel S, et al. Identification of asthma phenotypes using cluster analysis in the severe asthma research program. Am

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The evolutionary ecology of interactive synchronism: the illusion of the optimal phenotype

, A., McCleery, R.H., Cole, L.R., Perrins, C., Kruuk, L.E.B. & Sheldon, B.C. (2008) Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population. Science, 320, 800-803. Clark, W.E & Martins, R.P. (1987) Anthonomus biplagiatus Redentbach (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a Brazilian weevil associated with Kielmeyera (Guttiferae). Coleopterist Bulletin, 41, 157-164. Cobb, J.N., DeClerck, G., Greenberg, A., Clark, R. & McCouch, S. (2013) Next-generation phenotyping: requirements and strategies for enhancing our

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Molecular Analysis of a Family With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Genotype/Phenotype Discrepancy

individual with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. EMBO J 1987; 6(6): 1653-1661. Balsamo A, Cacciari E, Baldazzi L, Tartaglia L, Cassio A, Mantovani V, Piazzi S, Cicognani A, Pirazzoli P, Mainetti B, Zappulla F. CYP21 analysis and phenotype/genotype relationship in the screened population of the Italian Emilia-Romana region. Clin Endocrinol 2000; 53(1): 117-125. Charmandari E, Eisenhofer G, Mehlinger SL, Carlson A, Wesley R, Keil MF, Chrousos GP, New MI, Merke DP. Adrenomedullary function may predict phenotype and

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Antiaging phenotype in skeletal muscle after endurance exercise is associated with the oxidative phosphorylation pathway

interventions have been used. One of the most promising interventions is regular physical activity combined with a healthy diet and psychosocial well-being, as a holistic approach to maintaining a healthy lifestyle [ 1 ]. Although the physical appearances and benefits of each type of exercise have been shown in numerous sources, the similarities and differences in the molecular phenotypes among them remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify the transcriptome of the exercises that have the potential to delay aging using publicly available data obtained from

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The Phenotype Distribution of Paraoxonase-1 in Patients with Multiple Myeloma, Bladder, and Colorectal Cancer

: the potential role of paraoxonase (PON1). Environ Health Perspect 2005; 113(7): 909-13. 18. Arpaci A, Gormus U, Dalan B, Berkman S, Isbir T. Inves - tigation of PON1 192 and PON1 55 polymorphisms in ovarian cancer patients in Turkish population. In Vivo 2009; 23(3): 421-4. 19. Eckerson HW, Wyte MC, LaDu BN. The human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase polymorphism. Am J Hum Genet 1983; 35: 1126-38. 20. Haagen L, Brock A. A new automated method for phenotyping arylesterase (E.C.3.1.1.2.) based upon inhibi tion of enzymatic

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Phenotyping of rice in salt stress environment using high-throughput infrared imaging

, G. N., 2000: Chlorophyll fluorescence - a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 659-668. MERLOT, S.,MUSTILLI, A. C., GENTY, B., NORTH, H., LEFEBVRE, V., SOTTA, B., VAVASSEUR, A., GIRAUDAT, J., 2002: Use of infrared thermal imaging to isolate Arabidopsis mutants defective in stomatal regulation. The Plant Journal 30, 601-609. MUNNS, R., JAMES, R. A., SIRAULT, X. R. R., FURBANK, R. T., JONES, H. G., 2010: New phenotyping methods for screening wheat and barley for beneficial responses to water deficit. Journal of

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The Influence of CYP2D6 Phenotype on the Pharmacokinetic Profile of Atomoxetine in Caucasian Healthy Subjects

polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6): clinical consequences, evolutionary aspects and functional diversity. Pharmacogenomics J. 2005;5:6-13. 14. Brown JT, Bishop JR. Atomoxetine pharmacogenetics: associations with pharmacokinetics, treatment response and tolerability. Pharmacogenomics. 2015;16(13):1513-20. 15. LLerena A, Naranjo MEG, Rodrigues-Soares F, Penas-LLedo EM, Farinas H, Tarazona-Santos E. Interethnic variability of CYP2D6 alleles and of predicted and measured metabolic phenotypes across world populations. Expert Opin Drug

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Homozygous complete deletion of CYP21A2 causes a simple virilizing phenotype in an Azeri child

genetic diagnosis and association with disease manifestation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994; 78:1145-52. 4. Krone N, Braun A, Roscher AA, Knorr D, Schwarz HP. Predicting phenotype in steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency? Comprehensive genotyping in 155 unrelated, well defined patients from southern Germany. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000; 85:1059-65. 5. Wilson RC, Nimkarn S, Dumic M, Obeid J, Azar MR, Najmabadi H, et al. Ethnic-specific distribution of mutations in 716 patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia owing to 21-hydroxylase

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