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Permafrost. The Contemporary Meaning of the Term and its Consequences

References ANANAJEVA-MALKOVA G.V., MELNIKOV E. S. and PONOMAREVA O. E., 2003, Relict permafrost in the central part of Western Siberia, [in: ] Philips M., Springman A., Arenson L.U. (eds.), Permafrost ICOP. Zuerich, 5-8. BALCH E. S., 1900, Glacieres of Freezing Caverns, Philadelphia, Allen, Lane and Scott. BLACK R. F., 1954, Permafrost: a review. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 65(9), 839-856. BLACK, R. F., 1976, Features indicative of permafrost, Annual Reviews, Earth Planet. Sci

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Analysing the environmental harms caused by coal mining and its protection measures in permafrost regions of Qinghai–Tibet Plateau

REFERENCES CAO W., SHENG Y., CHEN J. 2008. Study on permafrost environmental assessment in Muli Coalfield of Qinghai Province. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 30(1):157-164. CAO W., SHENG Y., QIN YH., et al . 2010. Grey relation projection model for evaluating permafrost environment in Muli coal mining area, China. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, 24(4):363-374. CHENG GD., SUN ZZ., NIU FJ. 2008. Application of the roadbed cooling approach in Qinghai-Tibet railway engineering. Cold Regions Science and

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Permafrost at the Ice Base of Recent Pleistocene Glaciations–Inferences from Borehole Temperature Profiles

.1029/2001JB001579. KUKKONEN I. T., GOSNOLD W. D. and SAFANDA J., 2003, Anomalously low heat flow density in eastern Karelia, Baltic Shield: a possible paleoclimate signature, Tectonophysics, 291, 235-249. LACHENBRUCH A.H., 1994, Permafrost, the active layer and changing climate, US Geol. Surv. Open-File Report 94-694 Menlo Park CA. LACHENBRUCH A.H. and MARSHALL B.V, 1986, Changing climate: Geothermal evidence from permafrost in Alaska, Science, 234, 689-696. LACHENBRUCH A.H., CLADOUHOS T.T., SALTUS R.W., 1988

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Morphology and surficial sediments of the Waldemar River confined outwash fan (Kaffiøyra, Svalbard)

induced by a longitudinal sediment sorting: a flume study using sand and gravel mixtures. Geografiska Annaler, 69 A: 15–27. JAWORSKI T., CHUTKOWSKI K., 2015, Genesis, Morphology, Age and Distribution of Cryogenic Mounds on Kaffiøyra and Hermansenøya, Northwest Svalbard. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. 26: 304–320. DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1850 KUMAR, B., 2011, Flow Resistance in Alluvial Channel. Water Resources, 38(6): 745–754. LAMB, M.P., DIETRICH, W.E., VENDITTI, J.G., 2008, Is the critical Shields stress for incipient sediment motion dependent on

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Reflection of climatic changes during interpleniglacial in the geoecosystems of South-Eastern Poland

-Eastern Europe is located in a transitional zone from oceanic to continental climate, where during the cold stages of the Quaternary the expansion of continentality was westward. During the last cold stage this part of Europe was invaded twice by the Scandinavian ice sheet that made the boreal forest recede towards the South-East in relation to continental permafrost expansion to the West. The simultaneous expansion of steppes from the Pontian area to the Carpatho-Dinaric region (with intramountain basins) resulted in the formation of vertical zonality, characteristic also for

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Short-term changes in thermal conditions and active layer thickness in the tundra of the Kaffiøyra region, NW Spitsbergen

., GAWOR Ł, BUDZIK T., KLEMENTOWSKI J., 2013, Variability of temperature and thickness of permafrost active layer at coastal sites of Svalbard. Polish Polar Research, 34(4): 353-374. ETZELMÜLLER B., SCHULER T.V., ISAKSEN K., CHRISTIANSEN H.H., FARBROT H., BENESTAD R., 2011, Modeling the temperature evolution of Sval bard permafrost during the 20th and 21st century. The Cryosphere, 5: 67-79. GRZEŚ M., 1985, Warstwa czynna wieloletniej zmarzliny na zachodnich wybrzeżach Spitsbergenu. Przegląd Geograficzny, LVII (4): 671

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Depositional conditions on an alluvial fan at the turn of the Weichselian to the Holocene – a case study in the Żmigród Basin, southwest Poland

. Isarin, R.F.B., Renssen, H. & Koster, E.A., 1997. Surface wind climate during the Younger Dryas in Europe as inferred from aeolian records and model simulations. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 134, 127-48. Kasse, C., 1997. Cold-climate aeolian sand-sheet formation in north-western Europe (c. 14-12.4 ka); a response to permafrost degradation and increased aridity. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 8, 295-311. Kasse, C. 2002. Sandy aeolian deposits and environments and their relation to climate during the Last Glacial

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Ground thermal regime on the Kaffiøyra Plain (NW Spitsbergen) in the period from 1 September 2012 to 31 August 2014

.S. Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory, Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, United States, Weather Bureau, Washington D.C. SOBOTA I., 2003, Warunki meteorologiczne i wybrane problemy akumulacji śniegu w rejonie Kaffiøyry (NW Spitsbergen) w okresie od lipca 2001 do kwietnia 2002 roku. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej, 13: 139–149. SOBOTA I., NOWAK M., 2014, Changes in the dynamics and thermal regime of the permafrost and active layer of the high Arctic coastal area in North-West Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler: Series A. Physical Geography, 96

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First record of Hydrogonium gregarium (Pottiaceae, Bryophyta) in Russia: an interesting extension of the species’ distribution to the heart of the permafrost zone

Abstract

Hydrogonium gregarium (Mitt.) Jan Kučera, previously known from Southeast Asia, Japan, and scattered occurrences in Pacific North America south to Mexico, is reported for the first time in Russia from the central part of Yakutia at the western foothills of the Verkhoyansk Range. Both morphology and nuclear ITS sequence data confirm its identity with H. gregarium var. gregarium. The species is described and illustrated, and its habitat is briefly discussed.

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Late Glacial organic sediments in palaeogeographical reconstructions (cases from the Łódź region)

Lake Gościąż sediments. [in:] Ralska-Jasiewiczowa M., Goslar T., Madeyska T., Starkel L. (eds.), Lake Gościąż, Central Poland. A monographic study. Part 1, Instytut Botaniki PAN, Kraków: 171–175. GOŹDZIK J., 1995, A permafrost evolution and its impact on some depositional conditions between 20 and 10 ka in Poland. Biuletyn Peryglacjalny, 34: 53–72. IVERSEN J., 1954, The Late-glacial flora of Denmark and its relation to climate and soil. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse II, Raekke, 80: 87–119. JANKOWSKI M., BUDEK A., PETERA-ZGANIACZ J., KITTEL P

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