Helga Myrseth, Sigurd William Hystad, Reidar Säfvenbom and Olav Kjellevold Olsen
outcome in the specific situation ( Bandura 1982 , 1997 , 2014 ).
Previous researches on personality traits in relation to military selection have primarily focused on personality variables such as the Big Five and hardiness ( Hystad et al. 2011 ; Johansen et al. 2014 ), although other personality traits/variables may also have importance. One such factor could be adaptive perfectionism. Because adaptive perfectionism has been found to contribute to greater achievement and motivation ( Accordino et al. 2000 ; Hamachek 1978 ), and to be associated with personal
Mehdi Zarghmi, Amin Ghamary, Sayed ShaykhShabani and Ahmad Varzaneh
Ames C, Archer J. Mothers' belief about the role of ability and effort in school learning. J Educ Psychol, 1978. 79: 409-414.
Blatt SJ. The destructiveness of perfectionism: Implications for the treatment of depression. Am Psychol, 1995. 50: 1003-1020
Burns DD. The spouse who is a perfectionist. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 1983. 17: 219-230.
Chang EC. On the perfectibility of the individual: Going beyond the dialectic of good versus evil
Altun, F., & Yazici, H. (2014). Perfectionism, School Motivation, Learning Styles and Academic Achievement of Gifted and Non-Gifted Students. Croatian Journal of Education, 16 (4), 1031-1054.
Binalet, C. B., & Guerra, J. M. (2014). A Study on the Relationship between Motivation and Language Learning Achievement among Tertiary Students. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 3 (5), 251-260.
Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching. White Plains, NY: Pearson Education
A Calvinist and Anabaptist Understanding of the Ban
Amidst a growing renewal of interest in Calvinism and Calvin scholarship
throughout the globe in the wake of John Calvin’s 500th anniversary of his birth (1509-2009),
this article focuses on John Calvin’s early ecclesiological development. In contrast to advancing
theories that Calvin developed his ecclesiological understanding of church discipline from earlier
Anabaptist doctrines and leaders which he would have been exposed to intimately during
his exile in Strasbourg (1538-1541), this article argues that Calvin had already determined and
articulated a well-balanced and detailed understanding of the ban (church discipline) before
his arrival in the protestant refuge city of Strasbourg. Further, this article argues that Calvin’s
sojourn and interaction with Anabaptists in Strasbourg cannot adequately explain Calvin’s ecclesiological
understanding or increasing practice of Church discipline in Strasbourg or Geneva,
but rather displays a vivid disparity between Calvin and the Anabaptist position on the ban
which Calvin denounces as false perfectionism.
Conduct literature written for women has had a long tradition in British culture. According to scholars, such as Ingrid H. Tague (2002), it circulated most widely during the eighteenth century because new ideals of proper feminine behaviour and conduct developed. The Scottish Presbyterian minister and poet, James Fordyce (1720-1796), very observant of the transformations in his society as well as advocating the need to reform moral manners, likewise created a set of sermons dedicated to young women of the second half of the eighteenth century. He is worthy of close study not only because his Sermons to Young Women constitute an important yet understudied contribution to the tradition of conduct writing, but also because he records and disseminates opinions on female perfection both as a man of the church as well as the representative of his sex, thus presenting a broad scope of the official gender ideology of the eighteenth century. The proposed article engages in a close reading of Fordyce's rules and regulations pertaining to proper femininity, pointing also to the tone of his published sermon-manual and the socio-techniques used for the sake of perpetuating his ideological precepts for women. As such, the article is to prove that this popular eighteenth-century preacher, whose work was even mentioned on the pages of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, not only offers a significant contribution to ongoing research on conduct manual tradition as well as on feminist re-readings of women’s history, but also adds more evidence to feminist claims of a purposeful campaign aimed at creating a selfaware and self-vigilant woman who almost consciously strives to become the object of masculine desire, and allegedly all for her own good.
BOEHM, O. (2014): Kant’s Critique of Spinoza. New York: Oxford University Press.
CARRIERO, J. (2011): Conatus and Perfection in Spinoza. In: Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 35(1), pp. 69‒92.
DE DIJN, H. (1996): Spinoza: The Way to Wisdom. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.
DE DIJN, H. (2004): Ethics IV: the ladder, not the top. The provisional morals of the philosopher. In: Y. Yovel & G. Segal (eds.): Ethica IV: Spinoza on Reason and the ‘Free Man’. Papers Presented at the Fourth
I. Md. Zahid, S. Kalaiyarasi, M. Krishna Kumar, T. Ganesh, V. Jaisankar and R. Mohan Kumar
to each other. The DSDMS crystal was grinded to uniform fine powder and subjected to powder X-ray diffraction study to reveal crystalline perfection of the compound. The peaks were indexed using PowderX program ( Fig. 4 ) which shows the predominant planes of DSDMS crystal.
Powder XRD pattern of DSDMS.
IR and Raman spectral studies
4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methylstilbazolium 2,4-dimethylbenzenesulfonate (DSDMS) crystal was powdered and FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra were recorded to identify the presence of functional groups. Fig. 5
The present article attempts to portray a rather bleak personality of Puritan New England, Minister Michael Wigglesworth, who had in his time great influence on his community ipso facto. Mr. Doomsday, as he was called, kept a diary that reveals the abyss that a Puritan soul could fall into while struggling for perfection, which was unbreakable communion with God.
Human Body, Consciousness and Identity in the Mirror of Life Interviews with Female Coaches
One of the recurring themes when conducting life-interviews with women coaches is their confrontation with the fact that their physique does not correspond to the body-frame considered to be ideal in their respective sports disciplines. Since they can preserve their athletic identity only with the help of their physique, the course of their careers depends on the solution they find to this problem. The study presents this decision-making process using Luhmann's systems theory: as an environmental interaction between a neurophysiological (the body), a psychological (the identity of women coaches) and a social (sports) system. It looks upon this situation as a communication between female athletes and competitive sport as a social system, in which observation is accorded an outstanding role. Assuming the role of an observer, female athletes see the series of movements and solutions that their coach does not recognize. Instead of physical perfection, they develop the individual perfection of movement execution.
Based on the analysis of literature, comparison, induction, deduction was conducted to study the essence of the notion “physical culture”. It is shown that in some countries the notion “physical culture” is an umbrella for the study of physical perfection of man, but in many countries generic are other concepts. Even those authors who study the theory and methodology of physical culture, not always involved in the definition of “physical culture”. Evaluation study of the concepts as species for the theory of common culture and generic for the theory of physical culture has identified the need to develop the basic concepts of “physical culture”. The diversity of the content of the physical activities required the development of special formulas for the definition of “physical culture”. The study formulated and basic concept of “physical culture”, suitable for professional training, as well as the definition of the concept for level of students in secondary schools and higher – level researchers in the field of theory and methodology of physical perfection.