Zbigniew Czech, Zbigniew Maciejewski and Krystyna Kondratowicz-Maciejewska
12. Lopez, A., Canetta, L., Creton, C. & Keddie, J. (2011) Waterborne Polyurethane-Acrylic Hybrid Nanoparticles by Miniemulsion Polymerisation: Applications in Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives. Langmuir 27, 3878–3888. DOI: 10.1021/la104830u.
13. Czech, Z., Arabczyk, W., Hełminiak, A. & Kowalczyk, A. (2013). Influence of iron carbide filler in carbon matrix on the tack, peeladhesion, shear strength of acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives. Int. J. Adh. Adh. 40, 210–214.
14. Wady, A.F., Machado, A.L., Zucolotto, V. & Zamperini, C
Zbigniew Czech, Adrian K. Antosik and Paulina Bednarczyk
., Kabatc, J. & Świderska, J. (2012). UV-crosslinkable acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives for industrial application. Polym. Bull. 69, 71–80. DOI: 10.1007/s00289-012-0725-y.
5. Czech, Z., Butwin, A., Kabatc, J., Świderska, J., Shao, L. & Bai, Y. (2012). Influence of selected photoinitiators type II on tack, peeladhesion, and shear strength of UV-crosslinked solvent-borne acrylic pressure-sensitive. Polym. Bull. 68, 441–452. DOI: 10.1007/s00289-011-0563-3.
6. Czech, Z., Kowalczyk, A., Kabatc, J. & Świderska, J. (2012). Photoreactive UV-crosslinkable solvent
Polyurethane pressure-sensitive adhesives as raw materials for the manufacturing of protective films
The present paper relates to water-borne polyurethane pressure-sensitive adhesives (PU-PSA) systems for self-adhesive protective films, and methods of their preparation. The typical protective films are self-adhesive films with excellent removability. Their manufacture is a film conversion process using common materials developed for the packaging industry (PVC and polyolefins). The most often used carrier for the constructions of protective films is PE. Polyurethane PSA layers are characterized by constant low peel adhesion between 3 and 5 N/2,5 cm.
Zbigniew Czech, Agnieszka Kowalczyk, Joanna Ortyl and Jolanta Świderska
The use of acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs) is increasing in a variety of industrial fields. They have been applied in the manufacture of mounting tapes, self-adhesive labels, protective films, masking tapes, splicing tapes, carrier-free tapes, sign and marking films, and in diverse medical products, such as pads or self-adhesive bioelectrodes. In this study, the application of SiO2 nanoparticles in acrylic PSA was investigated. The properties of the newly synthesized and modified PSA were evaluated via the tack, peel adhesion, shear-strength and shrinkage. It has been found that the nanotechnologically-reinforced systems consisting of monodisperse non-agglomerated SiO2 nanoparticles and self-crosslinked acrylic PSAs showed a great enhancement in tack, peel adhesion, shear resistance and shrinkage, without showing the disadvantages known to result from the use of other inorganic additives. In this paper we evaluate the performance of SiO2 nanoparticles with a size of about 30 nm as inorganic filler into the synthesized solvent-borne acrylic PSA.
Butyl acrylate/4-acryloyloxy benzophenone copolymers as photoreactive UV-crosslinkable pressure-sensitive adhesives
It has previously been shown that copolymers of butyl acrylate with 4-acryloyloxy benzophenone can be used as pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs). This paper presents the synthesis and application of a solvent-borne polymer system for the preparation of photoreactive UV-crosslinkable acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives. Butyl acrylate/benzophenone copolymers with molecular mass in the range 180 000 to 480 000 Dalton were prepared by carrying out free-radical solution polymerization. These copolymers were found to be tacky but in some cases to possess insufficient cohesive strength after UV-crosslinking to be useful as PSAs. The other copolymers resulted in materials with the balance of cohesive and adhesive characteristics required of good PSAs. Some of the parameters affecting the pressure-sensitive adhesive properties of the copolymers are the concentration of 4-acryloyloxy benzophenone, the molecular mass of the polymeric components, the UV-reactivity, and properties such as tack, peel adhesion, and cohesion.
Zbigniew Czech, Agnieszka Kowalczyk, Karolina Górka, Urszula Głuch, Lu Shao and Jolanta Świderska
UV-crossinkable pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSA) materials are called, in the adhesives trade photoreactive self-adhesive. UV-crosslinkable PSAs are designed after the UV-initiated crosslinking reaction to stick to almost any surface by a simple contact under light pressure. This special class of adhesives does not undergo any physical transformation or chemical reaction during the bonding process. Because of the rheological properties the adhesive must be fi nely tuned for the application, combining a carefully chosen polymer architecture and monomer composition with the proper addition of small additives called photoinitiators. The best way is using the unsaturated copolymerizable photoinitiators and their direct incorporation into polymer chain during the polymerization process. Progress in the coating technology and the development of novel photoreactive acrylic adhesives will open the door to new applications and an extended market penetration of UV-crosslinkable acrylic adhesive raw materials containing unsaturated copolymerizable photoinitiators incorporated into the polymer backbone. Photoreactive UV-crosslinkable acrylic PSA are characterized by good tack, good adhesion, excellent cohesion and very low shrinkage.
Zbigniew Czech, Robert Pełech, Agnieszka Kowalczyk, Arkadiusz Kowalski and Rafał Wróbel
Electrically conductive acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives containing carbon black
Acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSA) are non electrical conductive materials. The electrical conductivity is incorporated into acrylic self-adhesive polymer after adding electrically conductive additives like carbon black, especially nano carbon black. After an addition of electrical conductive carbon black, the main and typical properties of pressure-sensitive adhesives such as tack, peel adhesion and shear strength, are deteriorated. The investigations reveals that the acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives basis must be synthesised with ameliorated initial performances, like high tack, excellent adhesion and very good cohesion. Currently, the electrical conductive solvent-borne acrylic PSA containing carbon black are not commercially available on the market. They are promising materials which can be applied for the manufacturing of diverse technical high performance self-adhesive products, such as broadest line of special electrically conductive sensitive tapes.
Inese Mieriņa, Laura Adere, Klinta Krasauska, Elīna Zoltnere, Dārta Zelma Skrastiņa and Māra Jure
, Chemistry & Energy”, 21 – 24 November, Munich,. p. LAMI-014.
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Kim, N., Li, Y., Sun, X. S. (2015). Epoxidation of Camelina sativa oil and peeladhesion properties. Ind. Crops Prod ., 64 , 1–8.
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