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Gender in Fulani Proverbs

Hannelore Vögele, Uta Reuster-Jahn, Ursula Baumgardt, Raimund Kastenholz (eds.): From the Tana River to Lake Chad. Research in African Oratures and Literatures. In memoriam Thomas Geider . Köln: Rüdiger Köppe, pp. 185-194. RIESMAN, Paul (1977): Freedom in Fulani Social Life . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [Translation of Société et liberté chez les Peul djelgobe de Haute-Volta by Martha Fuller]. STENNING, Derrick J. (1965): The Pastoral Fulani of Northern Nigeria. In James L. Gibbs Jr. (ed.): Peoples of Africa . Holt, Rinehart & Winston: New York

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Tragic Innocence in Philip Roth’s American Pastoral

-98. Kumamoto Stanley, S. 2005. “Mourning the "Greatest Generation": Myth and History in Philip Roth's American Pastoral” in Twentieth Century Literature , Spring 2005, Vol. 51, Issue 1, pp. 1-24. Michel, L., Sewall B., (eds.) 1963. Tragedy: Modern Essays in Criticism . Yale University Prentice-Hall. Parrish, T. L. 2000. “The End of Identity: Philip Roth’s American Pastoral”, Shofar , vol. 19, No.1, pp. 84-99. Posnock, R. 2006. Philip Roth’s Rude Truth. The Art of Immaturity . Princeton University Press. Roth

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Gothic Matters of De-Composition: The Pastoral Dead in Contemporary American Fiction

–76. Cambridge Companions Online . Web. 30 Apr. 2015. Carver, Raymond. “So Much Water So Close to Home.” Fires: Essays, Poems, Stories . New York: Vintage Contemporaries, 1989. 185–204. Print. Gifford, Terry. “Cormac McCarthy’s The Road and a Post-Pastoral Theory of Fiction.” TerryGifford.co.uk. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2015. Gifford, Terry. Pastoral. Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2001. Kindle file. Hage, Erik. Cormac McCarthy: A Literary Companion. Jefferson, NC: MacFarland, 2010. GoogleBooks. Web. 25 Apr. 2015. Jindabyne . Dir. Ray Lawrence

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‘We Don’t Need No Education’. A Case Study About Pastoral Datoga Girls in Tanzania

References ABDI, A. I. 2010. Education For All (EFA): Reaching Nomadic Communities in Wajir, Kenya - Challenges and Opportunities. Doctoral thesis: University of Birmingham. BLYSTAD, A. 1996. Do give us children: The problem of fertility among the pastoral Barbayiiga of Tanzania, In. A. Ahmed, H. Abel (eds.): Managing Scarcity: Human Adaptation in East African Drylands. Addis Ababa: Comercial Printing Enterprise, pp. 295-317. BLYSTAD, A. 2000. Challenging Encounters: Datoga lives in independent Tanzania, In

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The shepherd-leader motif as a pastoral model for a globalizing church

) Shepherds after My Own Heart: Pastoral Traditions and Leadership in the Bible. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press. Lewis PV (1996) Transformational Leadership: A New Model for Total Church Involvement. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman. Malphurs A (2003) Being Leaders: The Nature of Authentic Christian Leadership. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. Merkle BL (2014) The Pattern of Leadership in Acts and Paul’s Letters to the Churches. In Merkle BL & Schreiner TR (eds) Shepherding God’s Flock: Biblical Leadership in the New

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Effect of Management Modification on the Coenological Composition of the North Adriatic Pastoral Landscape (Ćićarija, Croatia)

(Italy) landscape. Sauteria 18: 311-322. Vitasović Kosić, I. 2011: Grasslands Scorzonero-Chrysopogonetalia order on the Ćićarija: Flora, Vegetation and Feed value. Dissertation (PhD), University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, pp. 1-247. Vitasović Kosić, I., Tardella F. M., Ruščić M. & Catorci, A. 2011: Assessment of floristic diversity, functional composition and management strategy of North Adriatic pastoral landscape (Croatia). Polish Journal of Ecology 59(4): 765-776. Willems, J. H

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Assemblage of Pastoral Power and Sameness

Assemblage of Pastoral Power and Sameness

The political discussions around immigrant integration in Finland have specifically problematised the integration of immigrant women. This article uses a Foucaultian framework of governmentality to analyse these problematisations. By exploring the way that state feminist rationalities are used to measure the integration of immigrant women through specific definitions of gender equality, the article shows how integration technologies are envisioned as a means of bringing about gender equality for immigrant women and how these technologies use modes of pastoral power reflecting a liberal desire to govern at a distance. The article also addresses the power/knowledge constellation that omits knowledge about other intersectionalities.

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“Roma” Label: The Deconstructed and Reconceptualized Category within the Pentecostal and Charismatic Pastoral Discourse in Contemporary Slovakia

(“Roma”) is currently being promoted as a neutral term. I recognize the term Roma as a politically correct umbrella term. Nevertheless, I take the view that in the research of ethnicity, identification and self-identification of ethnic groupings is important; that is why I will use the original (ethnic) label Cigáni translated here as Gypsies, for retaining the original context as much as possible and the term “Roma” as the translation of the label Rómovia as integral parts of quotations from pastoral or converts’ narratives, or again, for retaining the original

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Sin as an Ailment of Soul and Repentance as the Process of Its Healing. The Pastoral Concept of Penitentials as a Way of Dealing with Sin, Repentance, and Forgiveness in the Insular Church of the Sixth to the Eighth Centuries

Abstract

Although the advent of the Kingdom of God in Jesus contains as an intrinsic quality the opportunity for repentance (metanoia) as often as required, the Church of the first five-hundred years shows serious difficulties with the opportunity of conversion after a relapse in sinning after baptism. The Church allowed only one chance of repentance. Requirement for the reconciliation were a public confession and the acceptance of severe penances, especially after committing the mortal sin of apostasy, fornication or murder. As severe as this paenitentia canonica appears, its entire conception especially in the eastern part of the Church, the Oriental Church, is a remedial one: sin represents an ailment of the soul, the one, who received the confession, is called upon to meet the confessing person as a spiritual physician or soul-friend. Penance does not mean punishment, but healing like a salutary remedy. Nevertheless, the lack of privacy led to the unwanted practice of postponing repentance and even baptism on the deathbed. An alternative procedure of repentance arose from the sixth century onwards in the Irish Church as well as the Continental Church under the influence of Irish missionaries and the South-West-British and later the English Church (Insular Church). In treatises about repentance, called penitentials, ecclesiastical authorities of the sixth to the eight centuries wrote down regulations, how to deal with the different capital sins and minor trespasses committed by monks, clerics and laypeople. Church-representatives like Finnian, Columbanus, the anonymous author of the Ambrosianum, Cummean and Theodore developed a new conception of repentance that protected privacy and guaranteed a discrete, an affordable as well as a predictable penance, the paenitentia privata. They not only connected to the therapeutic aspect of repentance in the Oriental Church by adopting basic ideas of Basil of Caesarea and John Cassian, they also established an astonishing network in using their mutual interrelations. Here the earlier penitentials served as source for the later ones. But it is remarkable that the authors in no way appeared as simple copyists, but also as creative revisers, who took regard of the pastoral necessities of the entrusted flock. They appeared as engaged in the goal to improve their ecclesiastical as well as their civil life-circumstances to make it possible that the penitents of the different ecclesiastical estates could perform their conversion and become reconciled in a dignified way. The aim of the authors was to enable the confessors to do the healing dialogue qualitatively in a high standard; quantity was not their goal. The penitents should feel themselves healed, not punished.

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Locus amoenus or locus horridus: The Forest of Arden as a setting in As you like it

References MacDonald, Hugh (ed.) 1962 England's Helicon. London: Routledge and Kegan. Sannazaro, Jacopo 1948 L'Arcadia. ed. by Carrara Enrico. Torino: Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese. Shakespeare, William 2001 As you like it. The Arden edition of the works of William Shakespeare. Edited by Agnes Latham (ed.) London: Methuen. Alpers, Paul 1996 What is pastoral? Chicago - London: University of Chicago Press. Barfield

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