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References [1] Masek, J., Kendra, M., Milinkovic, S., Veskovic, S., & Barta, D. (2015). Proposal and application of methodology of revitalisation of regional railway track in Slovakia and Serbia. Part 1: Theoretical approach and proposal of methodology for revitalisation of regional railways. Transport Problems 10 (SI), 89-95. DOI: 10.21307/tp-2015-064. [2] Luptak, V., Drozdziel, P., Stopka, O., Stopkova, M. & Rybicka, I. (2019). Approach Methodology for Comprehensive Assessing the Public Passenger Transport Timetable Performances at a Regional Scale

References [1] EN 12299:2009 Railway Applications – Ride Comfort for Passengers – Measurement and Evaluation. (2009). European Committee for Standardization, Brussels. [2] Dailydka, S., Naimovičius, S. & Lingaitis, V. (2012) Analysis of passenger vibration comfort in a train. In 16 th International Conference Transport Means 2012: Proceedings of the Conference, 25-26 October 2012 (pp. 302-305). Kaunas, Lithuania. [3] Lack, T. & Gerlici, J. (2008). Analysis of vehicle dynamic properties form: The point of view of passenger comfort. Komunikacie, 10(3), 10-18. [4

forecasting through rulebased models obtained via rough sets. Artif Intell Rev . 36, 299-310. Goh, C., Law, R. (2003). Incorporating the rough sets theory into travel demand analysis. Tourism Management . 24, 511-517. Holt, C. C. (1957). Forecasting seasonals and trends by exponentially weighted moving averages. Pittsburgh PA: Carnegie Institute of Technology. Hsu, C. I., Wen, Y. H. (1998). Improved Grey prediction models for the trans-pacific air passenger market. Transportation Planning and Technology . 22, 87-107. Law, R. and Au, N. (1998). A rough set approach to

through common indicators: Constraints and achievements in practice. Cities , 39, 1-9. 6. Nenadál, J. and Petříková, R. and Hutyra, M. and Balcarová, P. (2004) Modely měření a zlepšování spokojenosti zákazníků. Praha: Národní informační středisko pro podporu jakosti. 7. Olivkova, I. (2009) Urban mass transportation quality evaluation and the concept of quality standards. Inaugural dissertation, Ostrava:VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava. 8. Olivkova, I. (2009) Urban Mass Transportation Quality evaluation From Passenger’s Points Of View. Sbornik vedeckych praci FS

Abstract

When surveying the motivation side of travel and tourism, we can state that tourists consider in their travel decisions, certain landscape preferences – to a certain extent. It also seems to be evident, however, that the objective evaluation of a landscape is a hard task for researchers for numerous reasons. In recent decades, several attempts have been made to create such methods but it seems that, in Hungary at least, this topic is rather neglected. The aim of this study is to provide an evaluation method for the landscape preferences of passengers travelling on Hungarian railway lines, demonstrating how the landscape around the railways could become an attraction during the travel. We survey what types of landscape appearance would be needed in order to generate travel decisions for tourists and also how the travel experience itself could become a tourism product.

. (2010). Ride comfort for various passenger positions in a railway vehicle – Simulation study. Archive of Transport 22 (2), 189-199. DOI: 10.2478/v10174-010-0012-3. [8] Vlk, F. (2003). Dynamics of engine vehicles (In Czech) (2 nd ed.). Brno, Czech Republic: Prof. Ing. František Vlk, DrSc., nakladatelství a vydavatelství. [9] ISO 2631:1997. Mechanical vibration and shock. Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration. Part I: general Requirements. International Organization for Standardization. [10] Simpack Documentation (2018). Simpack User‟s Manual. [11

:10.1080/01944360508976688. Brian Graham, (1999). Airport-specific traffic forecasts: a critical perspective, Journal of Transport Geography 7 (1999) 285-289. Chatfield, C., Yar, M. (1988): Holt-Winters Forecasting: Some Practical Issues, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society . Series D (The Statistician), Vol. 37, No. Special Issue: Statistical Forecasting and Decision-Making, pp. 129 – 140. Elton Fernandes, Ricardo Rodrigues Pacheco, (2010). The causal relationship between GDP and domestic air passenger traffic in Brazil, Transportation Planning and

communications, Slovak Republic, October 05-06. 2016, 383-390. [3] Černá, L., Zitrický, V. & Ponický, J. (2016). Income and price elasticity of demand for transport services in rail passenger transport in the Slovak. In Mathematical methods in economics – MME 2016: 34th international conference: Liberec, Czech Republic: Technical university of Liberec, September 06.-09. 2016, 126-131. [4] Masek, J., Camaj, J. & Belosevic, I. (2016). Improving the transport capacity of the intermodal train and track based on different types of wagons. In 3 rd International Conference on

Abstract

The market liberalization, airport privatization and increased number of low-cost carriers have significantly affected airport performance lately. The aim of this study is to determine and analyze passengers’ demographics and their interaction with the external macroenvironment by providing empirical evidence of their impact on airport performance. The combined two-group proportion test and loglinear analysis were applied as the main analytical methods, whereas a PESTEL analysis was used as an auxiliary tool to help explain quantitative findings. The results show that due to a large diaspora and difficult socioeconomic situation, there is a gap for more direct point-to-point flights offered by the low-cost carriers in general and, more specifically, if more direct flights are being offered from Prishtina Airport, their likelihood ratio is to increase twice in its absolute value, whereas in Tirana Airport, their likelihood ratio is to increase twice if they offer more connection flights. This confirms the conclusion that there is a gap for additional services to be provided, which could significantly affect the airport performance in return. In the end, this study also raises a new hypothesis: whether the younger generation of the diaspora, members of which were born and educated abroad, will negatively affect airport performance due to their decreasing tendency and interest to visit the homeland of their parents.

References [1] Poliak, M. (2013). Relationship of reasonable profit and risk in public passenger transport in the Slovak Republic (in Slovak). Ekonomicky casopis/Journal of Economics, 61(2), 206-220. ISSN 0013-3035. [2] Hine, J. (2000). Integration integration integration… Planning for sustainable and integrated transport systems in the new millennium. Transport Policy, 7(3), 175-177. DOI: 10.1016/S0967-070X(00)00025-1. [3] Hull, A. (2005). Integrated transport planning in the UK: from concept to reality. Journal of Transport Geography, 13(4), 318-328. ISSN 0966