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Abstract

This paper discusses glyphs of the 2-shaped or “round” allograph of the grapheme <r> with a tag protruding from the lower part of the stem, asking whether their distribution in a corpus of some 600 late Middle English texts can be meaningfully related to these texts’ localisation in A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. It discusses what localisation expresses, and uses regression modelling to show that there is no co-variation between the texts’ paleography and their orthography, although there is a measure of correlation between them. The evidence in favour is that the quantitative analysis identifies localisation in northings as a predictor of the occurrence of the tagged form of the allograph, which occurs at a higher frequency in texts localised below the Midlands line at c. 300 northings. The evidence against is the form’s scattered distribution according to the localisation variable where co-variation would imply a more clear-cut concentration of points, and also the moderate success at explaining the form’s distribution by means of variables known to explain orthographic variation.

Abstract

Twenty-six years after the first edition and translation by Sydney Anglo in 1991 of the anonymous manuscript Le Jeu de la hache , many elements can still be significantly improved. This paper offers a completely new critical edition of the text, and a major revision of the translation. This article includes a detailed glossary as well as notes to discuss the many ambiguous passages in the original text. Finally, the studies of the language, the vocabulary, the dialect, the writing style and the physical document make it possible to refine the dating of the manuscript to the third quarter of the fifteenth century, between 1460 and 1485, and its origin, probably Flanders or Wallonia in the entourage of the dukes of Burgundy.

Abstract

Historians of the U.S. Southwest invariably rely on English-language translations of original Spanish documents for their interpretive work. However, a philological approach to the Spanish documents reveals all manner of translator shortcomings, some of which negatively impact the historical record. I document one such instance pertaining to the early history of Texas and argue that the failure to adhere to sound philological practice has produced an inaccurate historical canon. Data are taken from a Spanish expedition diary from the late 17th-century and from unpublished archival sources pertaining to it.

Abstract

Historians of the U.S. Southwest invariably rely on English-language translations of original Spanish documents for their interpretive work. However, a philological approach to the Spanish documents reveals all manner of translator shortcomings, some of which negatively impact the historical record. I document one such instance pertaining to the early history of Texas and argue that the failure to adhere to sound philological practice has produced an inaccurate historical canon. Data are taken from a Spanish expedition diary from the late 17th-century and from unpublished archival sources pertaining to it.

Abstract1

This paper explores the dynamics of the textual-visual interface of a medieval manuscript page within the frameworks of historical pragmatics and pragmaphilological approaches to the study of historical texts. Whilst the former focuses on the contexts in which historical utterances, manifested as texts, occur (), the latter involves a context-based perspective in the study of individual historical texts (). Combining the two approaches allows for a more comprehensive study of the “visual text” (cf. ) than has been possible for paleographic, codicological, or linguistic analyses of medieval manuscripts. The present paper adopts the “pragmatics-on-the-page” approach (cf. , ) in its analysis of bibliographic codes in British Library Royal MS 18 D II, which contains the texts of Lydgate’s Troy Book and Siege of Thebes. Such visual elements of the manuscript page as mise en page, ink colour, as well as type and size of script will be examined as pragmatic markers, functioning on three levels of meaning: textual, interactional, and metalinguistic (cf. , ), and providing (visual) contexts for interpreting the linguistic message of the text.

References a. Manuscripts BAR 27820 (Lybrary of Romanian Academy) ΜΠΤ 705 (National Library of Greece, “Metochion of Saint Sepulchre” Collection). b. Books Alexandru, Maria, Paleography Course III – course materials (unpublished). Thessaloniki: “Aristotelis” University. Angelinaras, G. K. (2009). Έκφρασης της Ψαλτικής Τέχνης [Musical expression in Psaltic Art]. Atena: Athos. Anthimos Arhideacon. Τρία κοινωνικά των κυριακών . Retrieved from http://www/psalmodia.blogspot.gr . Asser, M. (Ed.) 2005. Psalter of the Prophet and King David • According to the

-113. Knapp, J. H., Knapp C. C., Raileanu V., Matenco L., Mocanu V., Dinu C., 2005: Crustal constraints on the origin of mantle seismicity in the Vrancea Zone, Romania: the case for active continental lithospheric delamination. Tectonophysics 410, 311-323. Kováč M., 2000: Geodynamic, paleographic and structural development of the Carpathian- Pannonian region in Miocene (Geodynamický, paleografický a štruktúrny vývoj karpatsko-panónskeho regiónu v miocéne). Veda Bratislava, 202 p. Lachenbruch A. H., Morgan P., 1990: Continental extension, magmatism and elevation; formal

) Paleogeografia holocenu [Paleography of the holocene], Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa. Starkel, L., ed. (1991) Geografia Polski. Środowisko przyrodnicze [Geography of Poland. The natural environment], Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa. Starkel, L. (2001) Historia doliny Wisły od ostatniego zlodowacenia do dziś [History of the Vistula valley from the last glaciation until the present day], PAN IGiPZ, Warszawa. Takatsuka, M. and Gahegan, M. (2002) ‘GeoVISTA Studio: a codeless visual programming environment for geoscientific data analysis and visualization’, Computers

). BoldyrevV. L., LashchenkovV. M., Ryabkova O. I. (1990) Stormimpact on the shores of the Kaliningrad coast of the Baltic Sea. Issues of coastal dynamics and Baltic Sea paleography , Volume 1, Part 1, Vilnius, 97–128 (in Russian). Boldyrev V. L., Lashchenkov V. M., Ryabkova O.I. (1992) The evolution of the western coast of the Kaliningrad region with intensive anthropogenic impact. The evolution of the coast in a rising sea level , Moscow, 212–225. Boldyrev V. L. (1992) Formation, development and modern dynamics of the Kaliningrad coast of the Baltic Sea. Study of the

marginal zone of Linnues glacier, based on a table photo. Studies also included the situation of the so-called "old" morainic belt on the sea plain as well as the distribution of erratics in that part of the archipelago. Also detailed botanic studies were made of a fragment of the tundra near Varsolhytta. Now there is a possibility of a synthetic study presenting paleographic development of the area under study. So far about twenty articles have been published on the issue (a list of the most important ones is herebelow). LITERATURE G o g o 1 e k, W., L e w a n