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Multifunctionality of Organic Farming: Case Study from Southern Poland

. Warszawa: Agro Info; IRWiR PAN. [9] Knieć, W. (2012). Wspólna Polityka Rolna a Zrównoważony Rozwój Obszarów Wiejskich w Polsce – analiza socjologiczna. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika. [10] Konstanindis, C. (2012). Organic Farming and Rural Transformations in the European Union: A political Economy Approach . [Disertation theses] Amherst: University of Massachusetts. [11] Majewski, E. (2005). Miejsce rolnictwa w ekonomicznej i społecznej strukturze wsi (pp. 91-98). In Wilkin, J., ed., Polska wieś 2025 – wizja rozwoju

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Validation of Agent-based Approach for Simulating the Conversion to Organic Farming

Literature Borschev, A., & Filippov, A. (2004). From System Dynamics and Discrete Event to Practical Agent Based Modeling: Reasons, Techniques, Tools. In The 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society , 25–29 July 2004. Albany, USA: System Dynamics Society. Deffuant, G., Huet, S., Bousset, J. P., Henriot, J., Amon, G., & Weisbuch, G. (2002). Agent based simulation of organic farming conversion in Allier département. In: M.A. Janssen (Ed.), Complexity and Ecosystem Management: The Theory and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems (pp. 158

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System dynamics model for policy scenarios of organic farming development

This paper presents the system dynamics model of organic farming development in order to support decision making. The model seeks answers to strategic questions related to the level of organically utilized area, levels of production and crop selection in a long-term dynamic context. The model will be used for simulation of different policy scenarios for organic farming and their impact on economic and environmental parameters of organic production at an aggregate level. Using the model, several policy scenarios were performed.

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Agronomic characteristics of the spring forms of the wheat landraces (einkorn, emmer, spelt, intermediate bread wheat) grown in organic farming

) infestations on light interception and growth rate of wheat ( Triticum aestivum ). Weed Sci 39: 175-179. Eisele JA, Köpke U (1997): Choice of cultivars in organic farming: new criteria for winter wheat ideotypes. Pflanzenbauwissenschaften 2: 84-89. Frégeau-Reid J, Abdel-Aal E-SM. (2005): Einkorn: A potential functional wheat and genetic resource. In Abdel-Aal E-SM, Wood P (eds.): Speciality Grains for Food and Feed. Minnesota, American Association of Cereal Chemists Inc., pp. 37-62. Gooding MJ

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Cellulose Accumulation in Straw of Triticum Monococcum L., Triticum Dicoccum Sch. and Triticum Spelta L. in Organic Farming Conditions

Summary

In a study conducted in the experimental field of the Agricultural University - Plovdiv accumulation of cellulose in straw of Triticum monococcum L., Triticum dicoccum Sch. and Triticum spelta L., has been tracked as a result of bio fertilizes application in organic farming conditions. The highest cellulose content was found in the straw of Triticum spelta L., followed by Triticum monococcum L. The least accumulation was found in the straw of Triticum dicoccum Sch. With few exceptions, the application of the investigated fertilizes, increases the content of cellulose in a leaf-stalked mass in Triticum dicoccum Sch. and Triticum spelta L. The opposite trend was observed in Triticum dicoccum Sch. A species reaction was found as a result of fertilization on accumulation of cellulose in straw.

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Growth and Development of Triticum Monococcum L., Triticum Dicoccum Sch. and Triticum Spelta L. in Organic Farming Conditions

Summary

During the 2014-2016 period in Agroecological Center at the Agricultural University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria growth and development of three species of wheat in terms of organic farming had been tracked in order to return the species in the crop rotation, maintenance of biodiversity and receiving of cleaner and healthy products from organic farms. The three species of wheat Triticum monococcum L., Triticum dicoccum Sch, and Triticum spelta L., differ between its rate of growth, development, general and productive tillering. In tillering phase the plants reached 12,3 cm of height for Triticum monococcum L., 15,7 cm for Triticum spelta L. and 19,4 cm for Triticum dicoccum Sch. Triticum monococcum L. and Triticum dicoccum Sch, reached ear formation phase 5 days earlier than Triticum spelta L. The interfacial period of stem elongation - ear formation in them, was about 21 days compared to 25 days for Triticum spelta L.. From ear formation to full maturity inter-phase periods were shorter in Triticum dicoccum Sch., which specifies the species as an early mature (6 days earlier) compared to the other two. After phenophase of stem elongation plants were growing the most intensive and in full ripeness reached a height of 94 cm in Triticum monococcum L., 81,5 cm in Triticum dicoccum Sch. and 82,5 cm in Triticum spelta L.

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Effect of Protein Concentrate Supplement on the Qualitative and Quantitative Parameters of Milk from Dairy Cows in Organic Farming

Abstract

In our experiment, we studied the effects of protein concentrate addition on the qualitative and quantitative composition of milk in organically farmed dairy cows. A total number of 40 Holstein cows were divided into two groups. Live weight of dairy cows was around 625±25 kg. Average production efficiency of animals was 7600±50 kg milk for the lactation period. Animals of both groups received identical basal feed ration. The first experimental group of cows (n=20) received in the feed ration a protein concentrate from organic production (soybean cake 60%, sunflower cake 20%, linseed cake 20%) at 1 kg per head and day. The second group served as a control (n=20) without the addition of protein concentrate. The experiment lasted 30 days. The goal of the experiment was to investigate whether the addition of protein concentrate can affect individual milk components. The measured values show that the experimental group of dairy cows with the addition of protein concentrate exhibited increases in fat content by 7.4% (P≤0.05), in urea content by 83.1% (P≤0.001) and in citric acid content by 18.6% (P≤0.01), and decreases in free fatty acids by 54.9% (P≤0.001), in ECM by 5.5% (P≤0.05) and in FCM by 6.1% (P≤0.05). The control group of cows exhibited the citric acid content in milk increased by 20.0% (P≤0.05). The results indicate that the protein concentrate composed of soybean, sunflower and linseed cakes can affect the composition of milk from organically farmed dairy cows

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Effect of Fertilizers on the Yield of Alternative Small Grains

fibres in varying milling fractions. Food Chemistry, 122,857-863, 2010. FAGNANO M, RITIENI A, FIORENTINO N, FERRACANE R, GRAZIA D’EGIDIO M, RAIMONDI G: Durum Wheat in Conventional and Organic Farming: Yield Amount and Pasta Quality in Southern Italy. The Scientific World Journal Volume 2012, Article ID 973058, 9 pages, 2012. GUARDA G, PADOVAN S, DELOGU G: Grain yield, nitrogen-use efficiency and baking quality of old and modern Italian bread-wheat cultivars grown at different nitrogen levels. Europ. J. Agronomy, 21, 181-192, 2004

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Trends in Organic Farming Development in Bulgaria: Applying Circular Economy Principles to Sustainable Rural Development

References Annual report on state and development of agriculture in Bulgaria (Agrarian report). Ministry of agriculture and food, Sofia, 2016. Bulgarian food safety agenc y. http://www.babh.government.bg/en/ Circular Econom y for a new agriculture: an East European perspective. Brussels 27 June 2016. http://www.czelo.cz/files/Zapisy/27.06.16-prez_1.pdf Development of organic farming in Bulgaria . Ministry of agriculture and food of the Republic of Bulgaria, Sofia, 2014. Dimitrov

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Are there any Advantages of Genetically Diverse Material in Cereal Breeding Programmes for Organic Farming?

., Martinez, F., Newton, A., Jalli, M., Munk, L., Willas, J. (2006). Disease assessment. In: Handbook: Cereal Variety Testing for Organic Farming. Donner D., Osman A. (eds.). Driebergen: Louis Bolk Institute. Haigh, Z., Bertholdsson, N., Clarke, S., Jones, H., Wolfe, M. S. (2007). Progress with variety mixtures and populations. In: Proceedings of the COST SUSVAR Workshop on Varietal Characteristics of Cereal in Different Growing Systems with Special Emphasis on Below Ground Traits , Velence, Hungary, 29-31 May 2007 (pp. 73-77). ¨stergård

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