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Oral Hygiene and Nutrition Habits of Young People in Greece Aged 18 to 25 and Review of the Literature

. J Clin Periodontol , 2004; 31:749-757. 10. Petersen PE . The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century - the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol , 2003; 31(Suppl 1):3-23. 11. Adair PM, Pine CM, Burnside G, Nicoll AD, Gillett A, Anwar S . Familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economically diverse groups. Community Dent Health , 2004; 21(Suppl):102-111. 12. Camner LG, Sandell R

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The Influence of Social and Living Environment on Development of Oral Hygiene Habits in People Over The Age of 65

Wielkopolski. Dent Forum. 2008;36:27-33. 12. Marchini L, Vieira PC, Bossan TP, et al. Self-reported oral hygiene habits among institutionalised elderly and their relationship to the condition of oral tissues in Taubaté, Brazil. Gerodontol. 2006;23:33-7. 13. Ozkan Y, Özcan M, Kulak Y, et al. General health, dental status and perceived dental treatment needs of an elderly population in Istanbul. Gerodontol. 2011;28:28-36. 14. Knabe C, Kram P. Dental care for institutionalized geriatric patients in Germany. J Oral Rehabil. 1997;24:909-12. 15. Frenkel H, Harvey I

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Oral hygiene in patients using removable dentures

I, Koksal T, Calikkocaoglu S. Investigation of the cleanliness of dentures in a university hospital. Int J Prosthodont. 2006;19(3):294-8. 5. Kulak-Ozkan Y, Kazazoglu E, Arikan A. Oral hygiene habits, denture cleanliness, presence of yeasts and stomatitis in elderly people. J Oral Rehabil. 2002;29(3):300-4. 6. Naik AV, Pai RC. A study of factors contributing to denture stomatitis in a north Indian community. Int J Dent. 2011;2011:589064. [ . PMid:22194746.] 7. Perkowski K, Zawadzki PJ, Starościak B, et al

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Gingival bleeding and oral hygiene in women with von Willebrand Disease (VWD): a pilot study


Introduction: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common hereditary coagulation abnormality. Individuals with VWD experience increased mucosal bleeding as well as gingival bleeding. Some evidence suggests that gingival bleeding is related to poor oral hygiene for fear of plaque removal methods that may cause bleeding to the gingival tissue. No studies have shown a correlation between VWD and gingival bleeding; however, these studies have not adjusted for possible confounding factors, such as presence of dental plaque, dental care utilisation, and oral hygiene habits. Aims: To determine the relationship between von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels and the amount of gingival bleeding, when controlling for possible confounding variables. Methods: This multi-site study included 44 women with VWD who completed a questionnaire to evaluate demographics, oral hygiene habits, perception of own oral health, oral health quality of life, and dental care utilisation. Clinical dental examinations were conducted to determine the presence of plaque and gingival bleeding on six teeth in each individual. Von Willebrand disease type and severity were determined through a medical chart review. Institutional review board (IRB) approval was obtained prior to data collection. Results: Paired sample t-tests revealed that VWF levels did not significantly affect the amount of gingival bleeding noted (p>0.05) when controlling for presence of plaque. Multiple linear regression models revealed that other factors, such as age and last dental visit (p=0.044), had a larger effect on the amount of gingival bleeding. Conclusion: In women with VWD, the presence of plaque and dental care utilisation determines gingival bleeding more than the severity of VWD.

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Parents´ Knowledge about the Effects of Oral Hygiene, Proper Nutrition and Fluoride Prophylaxis on Oral Health in Early Childhood


Background/Aim: Health education, as one of the important aspects of preventive dentistry, plays an important role in promoting and achieving good oral health. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of parents´ knowledge about the effects of oral hygiene, proper nutrition and fluoride prophylaxis on oral heath in early childhood. Material and

Methods: Parents were asked to fill a questionnaire which consisted of three sections, oral hygiene, fluoride prophylaxis and nutrition. The study included 136 parents of children, aged between 3-6 years. The survey was conducted in pedagogical-education institution - PE “Our happiness” - Leposavic, Kosovo and Metohia, Serbia. Results: More than 58% parents from urban areas and 63% parents from rural areas were informed that the teeth should be brushed at least twice a day (p=0.007). Only 31.11% of parents from urban and 15.22% of parents from rural areas were informed that a child should visit dentists for the first time, at the one year of age (p=0.083). The analysis of the questionnaire section regarding the nutrition and oral health, showed that parents from rural areas were better informed than parents from urban areas. Awareness about fluoride and their role in preventive dentistry was poor, as only 3% of children from urban and 1% of children from rural areas were using tablets based on fluoride while only 1% of children from urban and none from rural areas were using fluoride mouth rinses. Conclusions: The study showed that parents have the knowledge about the impact of oral hygiene, food and fluoride prophylaxis on the oral health but unfortunately they do not apply their knowledge in practice.

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The effectiveness of manual and powered toothbrushes

. Current concepts in toothbrushing and interdental cleaning. Periodontology. 2000:48(2008);10-22. 6. Sgan-Cohen HD. Oral hygiene: past history and future recommendations. Int J Dent Hyg. 2005;3(2):54-8. 7. Westfelt E. Rationale of mechanical plaque control. J Clin Periodontol. 1996;23(3 Pt 2):263267. 8. Twetman S, Axelsson S, Dahlgren H, et al. Caries-preventive effect of fluoride toothpaste: a systematic review. Acta Odontol Scand. 2003;61(6):347-55. 9. Marinho VCC, Higgins JPT, Logan S, Sheiham A. Fluoride mouthrinses for preventing dental

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White Spot Lesions: Prevention and Management During the Orthodontic Treatment

, Foye RH, Gilmour WH. Effect of fluoride exposure on cariostatic poten tial of orthodontic bonding agents: an in vitro eva luation. J Orthod. 2003; 30: 323–9. 15. Harvey WJ, Powell KR. Care of dental enamel for the orthodontic patient. Aust Orthod J. 1981; 7: 70–6. 16. Zabokova-Bilbilova E, Sotirovska-Ivkovska A, Stefanovska E: The Importance of Proper Oral Hygiene in Patients Undergoing Treatment with Fixed Orthodon tic Appliances. Balk J of Stom. 2013; 17(3): 138–43. 17. Øgaard B, Rolla G, Øgaard B. Oral microbiological changes, long-term enamel alterations

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Evaluation of Toothbrush Contamination


Background/Aim: Toothbrushes are one of the main means of cleaning teeth and maintaining oral hygiene, but toothbrushes are also potential reservoir of microorganisms, including pathogens. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the oral health, oral hygiene awareness and assess the degree of contamination of toothbrushes among students attending Secondary Medical School.

Material and Methods: Sixty students (32 boys, 28 girls; mean age ≅ 15,7±2,1) attending highschool were randomly selected for this study. Each student included in the study filled out a questionnaire regarding his/her life habits and oral hygiene. Clinical examinations were initiated in order to determine the DMFT, as well as the CIP, CIT, CIA and CPITN indexes, based of which the assessment of oral health status was performed. One stack of fiber was collected from each toothbrush used by the participantes in the study, and than prepared for further microbiological sampling.

Results: Only 11% of the students had the awareness of potential sources of toothbrushes contamination. The average value of DMFT was 3,2 (%D = 22,5; %M = 4,96; %F = 72,5). A statistically significant difference in comparison of the CPITN index and subjects’ response to the professional plague removal in the last 12 months was identified (χ2 = 13,55; p= 0,033). Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Micrococcus species and Streptococcus salivarius were most commonly present microorganisms. In most cases, G-positive bacilli or cocci were isolated, while the presence of Candidae albicans was identified in four samples.

Conclusions: Raising the awareness of dental hygiene through the oral health education may improve better plaque control and subsequently the oral health. Handson training how to maintain the oral hygiene are not expensive and more over they are easy to be organized can be useful in oral heath promotion.

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Trends in caries experience and background factors in 3-year-old children in Poland: evidence from epidemiological surveys during 2002-2017

J, Vanagas G, Bendoraitienė EA, Andriuškevičienė V, Slabšinskienė E. 2012. Changes in caries prevalence and oral hygiene skills among preschool-aged children in Lithuania between 2000 and 2010. Medicina (Kaunas) 48:364-70. Schwarz E, Lo ECM, Wong MCM. 1998. Prevention of early childhood caries – results of a fluoride toothpaste demonstration trial on Chinese preschool children after three years. J. Public Health Dent 58:12-18. Slabšinskienė E, Milčiuvienė S, Narbutaitė J, Vasiliauskienė I, Andruškevičienė V, Bendoraitienė E-A, Saldūnaitė K. 2010

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Oral Health Education of Staff in Long-Term Care Institutions

References 1. Giannakouris K. Ageing characterises the demographic perspectives of the European societies. Eurostat Statistics in focus, 2008;72:1-11 2. Sfeatcu R, Dumitrache A, Dumitraşcu L, Lambescu D, Funieru C, Lupuşoru M. Aspects of oral and general health among a community center for the underserved. J Med Life, 2011;4:168-171. 3. Zenthöfer A, Dieke R, Dieke A, Wege KC, Rammelsberg P, Hassel AJ. Improving oral hygiene in the long-term care of the elderly- a RCT. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2013;41:261-268. 4. De Visschere LM

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