Péter Apor, Sándor Horváth, Tamás Scheibner and Éva Kovács
Communist Eastern Europe: Opposition and Dissent in Totalitarian Regimes. Col-chester: European Consortium for Political Research Press, 2012.
KIND-KOVÁCS, Friederike a LABOV, Jessie (ed.). Samizdat, Tamizdat, and Beyond: Transnational Media During and After Socialism . New York: Berghahn, 2013.
KIND-KOVÁCS, Friederike. Written Here, Published There: How Underground Literature Crossed the Iron Curtain . Budapest: Central European University Press, 2014. ISBN 978-963-386-022-9.
KIRÁLY, Edit. Portable Projects? Die Aktion Sühnezeichen und ihre
Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union (2007), OJ C 115, 9.5.2008.
Corbett, R.; Jacobs, F. & Shackleton, M. (2011), The European Parliament , 8th ed., London: John Harper Publishing.
Crespy, A. & Gajewska, K. (2010), ‘New parliament, new cleavages after the eastern enlargement? The conflict over the services directive as an opposition between the liberals and the regulators,’ Journal of Common Market Studies , vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1185–1208. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02109.x
Miroslav Michela, Michaela Kůželová and Anna Vrtálková
politologů: Praha-Suchdol, 5.– 6. 9. 2003. Praha: Česká společnost pro politické vědy, 2003, s. 261–270. ISBN 80-902176-3-X.
BOLTON, Jonathan. Světy disentu: Charta 77, Plastic People of the Universe a česká kultura za komunismu. Praha: Academia, 2015. ISBN 978-80-200-2462-6.
COURAGE. Courage – connecting collections [online]. 2017 [cit. 6. 12. 2017]. Dostupné z: http://cultural-opposition.eu/ .
COURAGE. Courage – Connecting Collections [online]. 2017 [cit. 6. 12. 2017]. Dostupné z: https://www.facebook.com/courage-collections.en .
BACKGROUND – Tobacco control (TC) advocates are searching for new TC strategies to decrease smoking rates further.
AIMS – The aim of this study is to explore smokers’ opposition to 16 TC strategies, including the attitudes in the sample as a whole. The results are discussed in relation to the importance of public versus smoker support, and the need for legitimate TC strategies.
METHODS – An Internet panel with 35,000 registered users was accessed to invite participants to join a survey on attitudes towards TC strategies. In addition, 1253 participants were recruited directly from mobile phone lists. Of the 5543 participants recruited, 5250 adults aged 20 years or older were eligible for analysis. Respondents’ attitudes were measured on a five-point Likert scale, and mean values, standard deviations and percentages of those who opposed TC regulations were reported.
RESULTS – In the total sample, there was some support for regulating smoking in specific outdoors areas. Smokers opposed all of the proposed strategies except banning smoking in cars carrying children, increasing the age limit for purchasing cigarettes and banning smoking at transportation stops. Smokers seemed to accept regulations that protected others from the health risks of smoking, but defended their right to smoke in some specific outdoor areas.
CONCLUSIONS – Smokers opposed most of the proposed TC strategies. Smokers’ support may be more important in TC areas that aim to denormalise smoking and where enforcement is more complex.
Collections devoted to culture form an important part of the National Museum collections. Especially those of the Czechoslovak Documentation Centre which were given to the National Museum by Vilém Prečan in 2003 are devoted to the Cultural and Political Opposition. These collections include a wide range of personal collections (Václav Havel, Milan Šimečka, Jiřina Šiklová, Ivan Medek and others). Institutional collections, such as Radio Free Europe, the Charter 77 Foundation or the Czechoslovak Documentation Centre own collections, are also important. The collections show how important cooperation between the dissent and exile culture was, especially during the period of so-called normalization and illustrate their interconnection at the same time.
The aim of the study was to examine the perceptions of young married women on meanings and motivations of partner opposition to their contraceptive use. Qualitative data was collected from focus group discussions and individual in-depth interviews with young married women and key informant interviews with health workers and traditional leaders in the districts of Ntcheu, Mangochi and Zomba in Malawi. Thematic data analysis was done using ATLAS ti software version 7. The results show that partners’ opposition to young married women’s use of contraceptives was perceived to be principally motivated by their husbands’ quest to control the sexual and reproductive lives of their spouses. Related to this aspect are the fears and misconceptions that use of modern contraceptives would relieve young married women of the fear of engaging in extra marital affairs as they would no longer be afraid of being discovered through pregnancy. Hence, the opposition was perceived to safeguard their marriages from instability and dissolution. The paper asserts that there should be a shift in the family planning programme delivery in the country aimed at reducing or eliminating partner opposition to young married women’s contraceptive use through involvement and inclusion of partners in the designing and implementation of contraceptive information and service provision interventions.
Carmen Ferragut, Helena Vila, Jose Arturo Abraldes and Carmen Manchado
investigate whether there were differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between top elite and elite players competing in the first Spanish handball league and the relationship with throwing velocity with and without opposition. Furthermore, thanks to the data reported in the present study in the international literature, talent identification and development could be enhanced.
Data were collected from 89 women’s team handball players, all competing in the first Spanish handball league; goalkeepers were excluded. These players
Álvaro Valhondo, Carmen Fernández-Echeverría, Jara González-Silva, Fernando Claver and M. Perla Moreno
et al., 2014 ) or quality of opposition ( Lago et al., 2013 ).
Specifically in volleyball, match analysis studies consider situational variables such as match status ( Marcelino et al., 2011 , 2012 ), game location ( Marcelino et al., 2009b ), rotation ( Silva et al., 2013 ), match period ( Marcelino et al., 2012 ) and quality of opposition ( Marcelino et al., 2011 ).
In volleyball, the match status situational variable has been incorporated into several studies, based on the hypothesis that teams play differently depending on the result at certain moments of
Miguel-Ángel Gómez, Miguel Prieto, Javier Pérez and Jaime Sampaio
Sport. Eds: Blackwell JR and Sanders RH. Konstanz: University of Konstanz, 2001; 70-73
Lago C. The influence of match location, quality of opposition, and match status on possession strategies in professional relation football. J Sport Sci , 2009; 27: 1463-1469
Lago C, Martín R. Determinants of possession of the ball in soccer. J Sport Sci, 2007; 25: 969-974
Lago-Peñas C, Lago-Ballesteros J, Rey E. Differences in performances indicators between winning and losing teams in the UEFA Champions League. J Human Kinetics
The paper puts the topic of Cultural Opposition into the historical and social context of the long twenty-year period of 1969–1989 normalization. It is devoted to the changes of the regime, the international embedding of Husák’s Czechoslovakia, the repression since the mid-1970s as well as the economic problems of the state, especially in the 1980s. Attention is paid to opposition activities and the underground movement.