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Varying Descriptors, Time Frames, and Response Formats on Measures of Positive and Negative Affect’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 55, pp. 128-141. WILES, J., ALLEN, R., PALMER, A., HAYMAN, K., KEELING, S. and KERSE, N. (2009), ‘Older People and Their Social Spaces: A Study of Well-Being and Attachment to Place in Aotearoa New Zealand’, Social Science and Medicine , 68, pp. 664-671. WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (2008), Demystifying the Myths of Ageing , Copenhagen: World Health Organisation.

. Educational Gerontology, 19, 1993, 6, pp. 535-550. KUMP, S., and JELENC-KRAŠOVEC, S. Vseživljenjsko učenje, izobraževanje starejših odraslih. Ljubljana: Pedagoški inštitut, 2009. LASLETT, P. A Fresh Map of Life: The Emergence of the Third Age. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1989. SCOTT, L. M. Measurment and prediction of aging anxiety. Research on Aging. [online]. 22, 2000, 5. [viewed 21 December 2011]. Available from: ˂˃ LUANAIGH, C, O. and Lawor, B.A. Loneliness and Health of older people. International Journal of

: GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. European Commission. (2015c). Growing the silver economy in europe. In European Commission (Ed.), Background Paper . Brussels. Fachinger, U., & Bögenhold, D. (2016). Self-employment of older people: New chances and challenges for research Discussion Paper . Vechta: Fachgebiet Ökonomie und Demographischer Wandel, Institut für Gerontologie. Funken, R. G., Michael. (2015). Entrepreneurship and aging. In N. A. Pachana (Ed.), Encyclopedia of geropsychology (pp. 1-7): Springer Singapore. Halabisky, D. (2012). Entrepreneurial activities in

1 Introduction The proportion of aging population is increasing rapidly year by year, and the deep influence of this phenomenon on the economic and social conditions has been studied using multilateral approaches, such as social, physical, and psychological aspects. Data from the Central Bureau of Statistics show that the number of aged persons in Yogyakarta has increased from 492,200 in 2015 to 505,100 in 2016. 1 Changes in the sleep pattern are experienced by older people. Bundlie 2 states that there are age-related changes in sleep, namely, increased sleep


The article attempts to identify opportunities to improve the quality of life of older people by implementing smart city solutions. Literature research presented in it contains answers to the following questions: what is planned to be achieved as a result of the smart city concept implementation, why this concept is implemented, who participates in this task and how to achieve the expected result of smart city implementation. In response to the first and second question, attention is paid to the needs of older people – smart city solutions exploitators, associated with a specific type of transport, which must be met to achieve quality of life at a certain level. The answer to the third question is an indication of the participants, such as designers, constructors, producers of solutions in the area of the smart city, as well as their exploiters. The last ones may be customers of transport organizations (passengers, users of the water supply system), users (drivers) and maintainers of transport means. Participants in transport systems – local authorities responsible for its functioning as well as the management of the transport company – may also participate in the discussed participation. Tasks that should be given to individual participants in the process of meeting needs have been defined. It was also pointed out that their role should not focus solely on technical aspects, but social participation is of particular importance, on which the quality of life of people in society depends.

Therefore, the selected method of technology assessment, which together with engineering methods should condition the course of the process of satisfying the needs aimed at obtaining the desired solutions in the smart city area, have been indicated. The result of the conducted research is the concept of an indicator that supports the process of technology assessment in the smart city area. Along with this concept, examples of questions which may form the basis of calculations with its use are listed.

. Morbach S. Nagel N. 2013 Readmissions of patients with diabetes mellitus and foot ulcers after infra-popliteal bypass surgery – attacking the problem by an integrated case management model VASA 42 1 56 67 Schmidt, S. & Kampmeier, A. S. (2017). Caring TV – for older people with multimorbidity living alone. Positive feedback from users in the city of Berlin and in a rural area of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania. In: Kollak, I. (Ed.), Safe at Home With Assistive Technology (pp. 43–57). New York: Springer. 10.1007/978-3-319-42890-1_4 Schmidt S. Kampmeier A. S. 2017 Caring TV

Ageing and the media Media influence the discourses of culture and society, thereby creating, maintaining and changing images of older people. The media thus constitute an important arena for representations of older people. Media and cultural-gerontological research has shown that stereotypical, often negative perceptions of older people circulate in the media, depending on context and agenda ( Blaikie & Hepworth, 1997 ; Hepworth, 2004 ; Jönson, 2001 ; Lövgren, 2009 ; Rørbye, 1998 ; Wien, 2005 ; Williams et al., 2010 ). This research also indicates how

health, no matter what your age is, and thinking about health is often regarded as such an integrated part of the individual’s self-perception that it becomes a benchmark for assessing not only their own success in life but that of other people as well. Health is regarded as particularly topical when talking about older generations. This article focuses on how older people think about health, and it is based on the assumption that the media play a particularly prominent role in how older generations view health. In this context, the media can be seen as an interface

References 1. Allen MS, Goldscheider F, Cimbrone DA. Gender roles, marital intimacy, and nomination of spouse as primary caregiver. Geront 1999; 39: 150-8. 2. Stoller E. Parental caregiving by adult chidren. J Marriage Fam 1983; 45: 851-8. 3. Stoller EP, Lorna LE. Help with activities of everyday life: sources of support for the noninstitutionalized elderly. Geront 2012; 23: 64-70. 4. Wenger GC. Support networks of older people: a guide for practitioners. Bangor: Centre for social policy research and development, 1994. 5. Nagode M. Dvajset let izvajanja socialno

epistemologischen Fundierung des Verfahrens der empirisch begruendeten Theoriebildung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften, 2008. Margrain TH, Boulton M. Sensory impairment. In: Johanson ML, Bengtson VL, Coleman PG, Kirkwood TBL, editors. The Cambridge handbook of age and ageing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005: 121-30. Davies S, Laker S, Ellis L. Promoting autonomy and independence for older people within nursing practice: a literature review. J Adv Nurs 1997; 26: 408-17. Duner A, Nordstroem M. Intentions and strategies among elderly people: coping in