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The Interpretation of Null Subjects in a Radical Pro-drop Language: Topic Chains and Discourse-semantic Requirements in Chinese

of Theoretical Linguistics 2(1). 43–88. Biberauer, Theresa, Anders Holmberg, Ian Roberts & Michelle Sheenan. 2010. Parametric variation: Null subject in minimalist theory . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bonvino, Elisabetta. 2006. Le sujet postverbal en italien parlé: Syntaxe, zones et intonation (Biblioteque des Faits de Langue). Paris: Ophrys. Chafe, Wallace. 1976. Givenness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics and point of view. In Charles N. Li (ed.), Subject and topic , 25–55. New York: Academic Press. Chafe

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Pronoun omission and agreement: An analysis based on ICE Singapore and ICE India

Twenty-third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, February 14-17, 1997: General session and parasession on pragmatics and grammatical structure, 378-388. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society. Chomsky, Noam. 1981. Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht: Foris. Chomsky, Noam. 1982. Some concepts and consequences of the theory of Government and Binding. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Cole, Melvyn D. 2009. Null subjects: A reanalysis of the data. Linguistics 47: 559-587. Cole, Melvyn D

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The Role of GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphism in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma

The Role of GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphism in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma

Members of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily exhibit polymorphic expression. GSTs are investigated as biomarkers of risk for various cancers, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of this study was to test the association between GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphism and susceptibility to RCC, independently or in conjunction with known risk factors. Genomic DNA was isolated from 182 controls and 76 patients with RCC. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were determined by multiplex PCR. Data obtained were analyzed with respect to RCC risk factors including smoking and occupational exposure. The frequency of GSTM1-null genotype was higher in patients with RCC (60.5%) compared to controls (47.2%). GSTT1-null genotype was found in 28.6% controls and 27.6% of cases. GSTM1-null individuals exhibit 1.9-fold increased risk of RCC (95% CI: 1.06-3.33). The presence of GSTT1 active genotype was associated with increased risk of RCC in occupationally exposed subjects when unexposed GSTT1-null subjects were used as a comparison group (OR: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.05-5.86). No association was found between the inactive form of GSTM1 and GSTT1 and smoking in RCC patients. In a Serbian cohort of patients, the presence of a GSTM1 active genotype is protective against RCC, whereas a GSTT1 active genotype increases RCC risk in occupationally exposed subjects.

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On the C/edge linking mechanism. Evidence from Polish

: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. Roberts, Ian. 2009. A deletion analysis of null subjects. In Biberauer, Theresa & Holmberg, Anders & Roberts, Ian & Sheehan, Michelle (eds.), Parametric variation: Null subjects in minimalist theory , 58-87. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ruda, Marta. 2014. On the V-stranding VP ellipsis analysis of missing objects in Polish. In Surányi, Balazs & Turi, Gergo (eds.), Proceedings of the Third Central European Conference in Linguistics for Postgraduate Students , 60-85. Pázmány Péter Catholic University. Saloni

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Derivation of the Apparent Narrow Scope of Sentence-Final Particles in Chinese: A Reply to Erlewine (2017)

. On the linearization of Chinese sentence-final particles: Max spell out and why CP moves. Korea Journal of Chinese Language and Literature 1(1). 53–90. Huang, Cheng-Teh James. 1982. Logical relations in Chinese and the theory of grammar . Cambridge, MA: MIT dissertation. Huang, Cheng-Teh James. 1989. Pro-drop in Chinese. In Osvaldo Jaeggli & Kenneth Safir (eds.), The null subject parameter , 185–214. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Lee, Thomas Hun-tak. 1986. Studies on quantification in Chinese . Los Angeles, CA: University of

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Sluicing, Sprouting and Missing Objects

on empty categories in Chinese. Linguistic Inquiry 18. 321–337. Huang, C.-T. James. 1989. Pro-drop in Chinese: A generalized control theory. In Osvaldo Jaeggli, and Kenneth J. Safir (eds.), The null subject parameter , 1–44. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Keenan, Edward L., and Bernard Comrie. 1977. Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. Linguistic Inquiry 8. 63–99. Li, Haoze, and Candice Chi-Hang Cheung. 2015. Focus intervention effects in Mandarin multiple wh -questions. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 24. 361

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ELLIPSIS AS A MARKER OF INTERACTION IN SPOKEN DISCOURSE

Gruyter: 19-29. Scott, Kate. 2013. Pragmatically motivated null subjects in English: A relevance theory perspective. Journal of Pragmatics 53: 68-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2013.04.001 Stainton, Robert. 2006. Words and thoughts: Subsentences, ellipsis and the philosophy of language. Oxford, England: Clarendon. Suviniitty, Jaana. 2012. Lectures in English as a lingua franca: Interactional features.PhD thesis: University of Helsinki. VOICE. 2011. The Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English (version 1

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A Case of V2 in Chinese

Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies 14. 275-297. Wechsler, Stephen. 1991. Verb second and illocutionary force. In Katherine Leffel & Denis Bouchard (eds.), Views on phrase structure , 177-191. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Yang, Barry C.-Y. 2014. Licensing Chinese null subjects. In C.-T James Huang, & Feng-hsi Liu (eds.), Peaches and plums , 203-226. Language and Linguistics Monograph Series . Taipei: Academia Sinica.

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The development of verbal morphology and word order in an Indonesian-German bilingual child: A case study

children: An elicitation study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition , vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 987-1000. Hulk, A. and Müller, N., 2000. Bilingual first language acquisition at the interface between syntax and pragmatics. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition , vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 227-244. Kang, S., 2013. The role of language dominance in cross-linguistic syntactic influence: A Korean child’s use of null subjects in attriting English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition , vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 219-230. Kauschke, C. and Hofmeister, C., 2002. Early lexical

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Le Jeu de la Hache: A Critical edition and dating discussion

Change in Medieval French. Verb-Second and Null Subjects (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1997). Vidier Alexandre, Perrier P., Catalogue général des manuscrits français, 5 vols. (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1931-1935). Wijsman Hanno, ‘“Bourgogne”, “bourguignon”, … Un style de manuscrits enluminés?’, in La cour de Bourgogne et l’Europe. Le rayonnement et les limites d’un modèle culturel, ed. by Werner Paravicini (Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2013), pp. 361-76. Zink Gaston, Le Moyen français (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1990).

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