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REFERENCES 1. Thapar A, Pine D, Leckman JF, Scott S, Snowling MJ, Taylor E, editors. Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 6th edition. Oxford, UK. Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. 2. Tadic N, Editor. Psihijatrija detinjstva i mladosti (Psychiatry of childhood and youth). Belgrade, Serbia. Naucna knjiga, 2010. 3. Grandclerc S, Labrouhe DD, Spodenkiewicz M, Lachal J, Moro MR. Relations between Non-suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Behavior in Adolescence: A Systematic Review. PLoS One. 2016; 11(4). 4. Brown RC, Plener PL. Non-suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescence. Curr

References 1. Linowski K., Wysocki I. Agresja, autoagresja w przemoc w życiu człowieka. Przyczyny, przejawy, przeciwdziałanie i resocjalizacja Radom 2012; 92 2. Suchańska A., Wycisk J. Samouszkodzenia. Istota, uwarunkowa-nia, terapia Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Bogucki 2000 3. Klonsky ED Non-suicidal self-injury in United States adults: prevalence, sociodemographics, topography and functions. Psychol Med. 2011 Sep; 41(9):1981-6 4. Selby EA, Bender TW, Gordon KH, Nock MK, Joiner TE Jr Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder: a preliminary study. Personal Disord


Self - inflicted lesions refers to a behavioural disorder with a complex ethiology. The occurrence of these cases in minors seems to be on the increase in last years, as well as minors abuse. On the assumption that there is a possible relation between minors abuse and this behavioural disorder, it has been evaluated comparatively the frequency with which it occurs among the minors examined in the forensic practice following reported abuse and the frequency with which it appears among the general population, sampled from the pupils in the final year of a high school in Bistrita.

łódzkiego. Suicydologia. 2007;3(1):18-22. 6. Rosa K., Merecz D. Międzynarodowy Program Badań nad Zachowaniami Samobójczymi - SUPRE-MISS. Suicydologia. 2005;1:92-7. 7. Gmitrowicz A, Dubla W. Zachowania samobójcze w reprezentatywnej grupie młodzieży z terenu Łodzi. Psychiatr Psychol Klin Dzieci Młodz. 2001;3:236-43. 8. Główny Urząd Statystyczny. Zdrowie dzieci i młodzieży w Polsce w 2009 r. Kraków; 2011. 9. Żechowski C, Namysłowska I. Kulturowe i psychologiczne koncepcje samouszkodzeń. Psych Pol. 2008;42(5):647-57. 10. Klonsky ED. Non-suicidal self-injury in United States

Suicidal Mind . De Gruyter Open Ltd. Lightman, E. J. et al. 2007. Using Computational Text Analysis Tools to Compare the Lyrics of Suicidal and non-suicidal Songwriters. In D. S. McNamara & G. Trafton (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society , 1217-1222. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Litvinova, T. A. 2014. Profiling the Author of a Written Text in Russian. Journal of Language and Literature 5(4). 210‒216. Litvinova, T. A., Seredin, P. V. and O. A. Litvinova. 2015. Using Part-of-Speech Sequences Frequencies in a Text to Predict Author Personality: a

References Adler. Patricia A. and Peter Adler. 2008. The Cyber Worlds of Self-Injurers: Deviant Communities. Relationships, and Selves. Symbolic Interaction vol. 31 no. 1: 33-56. Adler. Patricia A. and Peter Adler. 2011. The Tender Cut: Inside the Hidden World of Self-Injury. New York: New York University Press. American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington. VA: American Psychiatric Association. Baker. Thomas G. and Stephen P. Lewis. 2013. Responses to Online Photographs of Non-Suicidal

studies on the suicide notes of those attempting and those completing suicide. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. ,2 1 (5), 531–545. Miranda, R., Scott, M., Hicks, R., Wilcox, H. C., Harris Munfakh, J. L., Shaffer, D. (2008). Suicide attempt characteristics, diagnoses, and future attempts: Comparing multiple attempters to single attempters and ideators. J. Amer. Acad. Child Adolescent Psychiatry , 47 (1), 32–40. Nock, M. K., Joiner, T. J., Gordon, K. H., Lloyd-Richardson, E., Prinstein, M. J. (2006). Non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents: Diagnostic correlates and

credibility because of the destructiveness of Soviet second-strike capability. Liddell Hart (1960) spoke on behalf of a workable deterrent that could be used as defense against anything less than an all-out attack. According to him, “the better it is potentially as a [defence], in a non-suicidal way, the surer it promises to be as a [deterrent]” (p. 45). The suicidality of massively retaliating to all forms of aggression made the threat incredible and thus simply not feasible. Officially, the idea of massive retaliation was rejected by McNamara (1968) who argued for a

– posttraumatic stress disorder. Among those who completed the study, 26/79 youth with PTSD developed a depressive disorder (32.9%), compared to 6/70 without PTSD (8.5%): RR = 3.83 (95% CI 1.67–8.78), p = 0.0014; NNTH = 4.108 (8.53–2.7). Throughout the year, none of the adolescents involved in the study developed new-onset PTSD. During the study, 36 (24.1%) had a non-suicidal self-harming behaviour, 27 (18.1%) had suicidal thoughts. Among them, 5 (3.3%) adolescents with PTSD and comorbid depression were hospitalized due to suicidal planning and high suicidal risk. Among