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The occurrence of cervix cancer is outstandingly high in Zala County, which is situated in the Western Transdanubian region of Hungary. The aim of our study was to reveal why women do not take the opportunity offered by the state and what reasons there are for the nonattendance at screenings. A total of 1000 Hungarian women aged 15 to 60 years were included in the sample. The results of our study revealed that 13.8% of women participating in our research program have never been to a gynaecological cancer screening. Concerning this fact, the following groups deserve greater attention: 15-19 years old, those only with basic school qualifications, the unmarried and the unemployed. To improve our national mortality indexes, it is necessary to continue the cancer screenings in a well motivated target population. Achieving this in cervix cancer screening, there are available conception and infrastructure alike provided by the health administration. The weakness of the system is the low participation rate of the population.


During the past decades, the awareness of environmental issues in forest management is increasing due to changes in environmental education. The perceptions of forests, sustainable management, and ecosystem services were studied through two surveys. The general public and forest owners were the two target groups. The questionnaires had similar questions, though two different methodological approaches were used - the CATI system, for general public opinion survey, and semi-structured questionnaires for forest owners. The second survey contained more detailed questions regarding forest properties. Combined answers from 1503 respondents from the general public and 150 forest owners were evaluated on the following topics: sustainable forestry, major ecosystem services, and perceptions of forests. The majority of the Slovakian public regards ecological values as the most important element, whereas forest owners prefer the economic purposes for the maintenance and enhancement of forests. Forest owners tend to visit their forests once per week, whereas the general public tend to visit only once per month. The main cause for this non-attendance in the general public was a lack of recreational time, followed by a disinterest in forests. The main purpose for visiting forests for both groups was recreation. Overall, it can be concluded that people are mostly satisfied with forest management in Slovakia. Forest owners are satisfied with their forest properties, and plan to keep them for their children. In the future, more attention should be focused on investigating the younger generation’s perception of forests.


In this study, we introduce what kind of role is played by psychological immunity and its sub-factors and its factor values in life of the students taking part in the professional training, in their performance at school, in the improvability of the students′ strengths and weaknesses. The target of the research is to renew the methodology of the professional training through becoming acquainted with the students of the new generations more exactly. Since, the new generation has changed and it is still changing even today. Their education - training is getting more and more difficult because we do not know them enough. Teachers say that the knowledge of the students, the level of their education, mainly in the specialised secondary schools, is very low because the series of their failures can be detected and the non-attendance is also typical. Much of the students do not have any relevant prospect for the future after the specialised secondary school; they do not have any targets in the long run. The teachers in the specialised secondary schools observe that students are disinterested, they miss persistence, their control ability is very low, the EQ is decreasing and their self-knowledge is imperfect. All of them can be the source of conflicts.

References 1. Listl S, Moeller J, Manski R. A multi-country comparison of reasons for dental non-attendance. Eur J Oral Sci. 2014;122(1):62-9. 2. Theile CW, Strauss SM, Northridge ME, Birenz S. The Oral Health Care Manager in a Patient-Centered Health Facility. J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2016;16 Suppl(Suppl):34-42. 3. A. Murariu, C. Hanganu. Oral Health and Quality of Life Among 45- to 64-year-old Patients Attending a Clinic in Iasi, Romania. OHDMBSC. 2009;7(2):7-11. 4. Lutfiyya MN, Gross AJ, Soffe B, Lipsky MS. Dental care utilization: examining the associations

rise of the creative class–and how it is transforming leisure, community and everyday life . New York: Basic Books, 2002. Kay, P.L., Wong, E., Polonsky, M.J. “Marketing cultural attractions: understanding non-attendance and visitation barriers.” Marketing Intelligence & Planning , Vol. 27, Issue 6 (2009): 833–54. DOI . Laaksonen, A. Making culture accessible. Access, participation in cultural life and cultural provision in the context of cultural rights in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2010. Mackiewicz, M

programs on nutritional status during pregnancy: Comparison of group discussion method and multi-media package. IJOGI 2014;17(128): 18-27.[Persian]. 25. Mazani M, Arbabi HI, Mashoufi M, Mahdavi R, Comparing the Effectiveness of Attendance and Non Attendance Education of Health Workers on Knowledge of Mothers and Anthropometric Changes of Infants. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci2011;3(1):7486.[Persian].

the Nativity, the city was Honestly, the spiritual experience of being in Iaşi and visiting some of the local monasteries was the most meaningful aspect of my time in Romania. On the one hand, this was due to the conference itself since it was a remarkable blessing to have the opportunity to pray and to dialogue not only with Orthodox scholars from around the world but also with the non attendance. On the other hand, this was due to the rich presence of its surrounding areas. It seemed as if there were an Orthodox treasure at every turn: e.g., a cathedral, a

biopsy and if previously offered / completed HCV treatment. Patients were asked a series of open ended questions around HCV symptoms experienced, self-reported drug and alcohol stability, reasons for non-attendance, factors contributing to non-attendance and potential facilitators for treatment engagement. Ethical approval was given by The Mater Hospital, Dublin, Ireland as part of the European HepCare Project. Patients were given an information sheet on the study and provided written consent. The questionnaire was administered by a research assistant who accompanied

further into what could be done for the burnt child. In following through getting medical advice, and its implementation (starting with curative cream at 9 Euros a tube), Gowing helped Hatemja (at this stage pregnant with her sixth child) overcome the many difficulties facing the prejudice against Roma persons in Kosovo. Gowing visited socially, the whole family of seven, living in their one room of about two metres square. The next family members to benefit from Gowing’s interest were two of the burnt child’s school-age brothers. A reason given for their non-attendance

II or higher, compared to regular attenders where only 20% of cancers are diagnosed at stage II or higher. 10 Non-attendance is the main limiting factor for achieving the full health benefit of screening programmes at the population level in a well-organised, high-quality screening setting. Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have shown that offering human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling at home to non-attenders can significantly increase attendance and the detection of high-grade cervical lesions, compared to currently widely used reminder letters for