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Abstract

In this paper we present how Geomedia Professional software is used to analyze the influence of urban transport noise in a densely populated area. This software, used in the educational process, allows for concrete measures in real time and long time, to reduce the harmful influence of noise on human factor. Noise maps presented are the result of measurements at the centre of Sibiu at various times of day, several days of the week. One of the objectives of this paper is to present a solution for the protection of citizens who live in an area with heavy traffic. Another objective of this paper is to present the advantages of using GIS products in the study of road transport.

Abstract

The problem of combating urban noise is closely linked to the rational transformation of the urban environment, which must go through the elimination or reduction of the number of sources of noise, the localization of the noise emission zone, reducing the level of sound sources and protection against noise for the residential areas. Theoretical and experimental studies of acoustic loading on the territory along the highway for the typical section of the urban territory have been conducted. To estimate the complex noise impact from all sources and from individual sources, as well as to predict the total noise exposure for this site, a noise map was constructed using software. As a measure to combat traffic noise in the territory along the highway, the location of the noise protection screen was justified, taking into account the loss of part of the national income as a result of the continuous impact of noise on a person.The results of the research allow to assess the degree of technogenic impact of noise pollution during the operation of the highway, which allows regulating, by administrative and legislative methods, the nature of the impact on natural objects and human health of certain types of activities, as well as reasonably proposing measures that ensure environmental safety when organizing urban streets traffic.

basic , Warszawa, 2016, http://www.ntlmk.com/biblioteka/M.Kirpluk%20%20Podstawy%20akustyki%20-%202016-02.pdf , (in polish). 8. Kirrian Fiedler P. E., Trombetta Zannin P. H.: Evaluation of noise pollution in urban traffic hubs - Noise maps and measurements , Environmental Impact Assessment Review 51, 2015, 1-9. 9. Kubiak J., Ławniczak R.: The propagation of noise in a built-up area (on the example of a housing estate in Poznań) , Journal of Maps, 2016, Vol. 12, Iss. 2, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2014.1001801 . 10. Mrówczyńska M.: Selected models for the

places where people work and reside”, Official Journal, NN 145/2004. [6]. “Regulation on the noise mapping and content of noise maps and action plans and the calculation of permitted noise indicators”, Official Journal, NN 75/2009. [7]. Zagreb Municipality Transit System Ltd. web page: http://www.zet.hr/ [8]. V. DRAGČEVIĆ, S. LAKUŠIĆ, S. AHAC: “The applicability of 3D model in calculation of road traffic noise level”, Proceedings of the - 1st International Conference on Road and Rail Infrastructure “CETRA 2010”, organized by the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil

amending the regulation on permissible noise levels in the environment , Journal of Laws, 2012, No. 0, item 1109). Strategic Noise Map of Bydgoszcz, 2013, Town Office in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz. S zczepańska A., S enetra A., W asilewicz -P szczółkowska M., 2015, The Effect of Road Traffic Noise on the Prices of Residential Property – a Case Study of the Polish City of Olsztyn , Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 36 (2015): 167-177. S zopińska K., K rajewska M.,2013, Prices of Apartments in Relation to Noise Level in Poland , [in:] Journal of

the assessment and management of environmental noise. Off J Eur Commun 2002;L189:12-25. 30. SPECTRI. [Acoustic monitoring and specific traffic counting at locations used for the development of “Strategic noise map of Plovdiv agglomeration”;] 2015 (in Bulgarian). 31. Dzhambov AM, Dimitrova DD, Turnovska TH. Improving traffic noise simulations using space syntax: preliminary results from two roadway systems. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 2014;65(3):259-72. 32. Aguilera I, Foraster M, Basagaña X, et al. Application of land use regression modelling to assess the spatial

Abstract

Background: Noise pollution is considered a risk factor for ischemic heart disease (IHD). Both are highly prevalent in Bulgaria, but their association has not been studied sufficiently.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the risk of IHD associated with road traffic (Lden) and lifetime occupational noise exposure (LONE) in a Bulgarian sample.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 513 residents of Plovdiv, Bulgaria. A questionnaire asked about doctor-diagnosed IHD, LONE and confounding factors. Lden was derived from official noise map after geocoding participants’ addresses. In log-link Poisson regressions we investigated the relative risks of prevalent IHD. Sensitivity analyses examined subgroup differences.

Results: Lden ≥ 65 dB was associated with higher risk (RR=1.84, 95% CI: 0.61, 5.57) of IHD in long-term residents (≥ 20 years). LONE was associated with RR=1.76 (0.82, 3.78) for ever-exposed; and RR=2.35 (1.00, 5.52) for 15 - 47 years exposure.

Conclusions: Exposure to Lden≥65 dB was associated with non-significantly higher risk of IHD. Longer LONE was consistently associated with higher risk. In some subgroups the effect of noise was more pronounced.

://www.webcitation.org/6RkjcS9Ey 27. ISO 1996-1/2005. Acoustics - Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise. Part 1 - Basic quantities and assessment procedures. Geneva: ISO; 2005. 28. ISO 1996-2/1987. Acoustics - Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise. Part 2 - Acquisition of data pertinent to land use. Geneva: ISO; 1987. 29. Municipality of Plovdiv. Development of strategic noise map of Plovdiv agglomeration [displayed 12 August 2014]. Available at http

of low-noise wearing courses evaluated by tire/road noise measurements using the close-proximity method// APPLIED ACOUSTICS. -Vol. 111, (2016), s.58-66. 17. Mioduszewski P., Ejsmont J., Grabowski J., Karpiński D.: noise map validation by continuous noise monitoring// APPLIED ACOUSTICS. -Vol. 72, nr. iss. 8 (2011), s.582-589 18. Nowosielski L.: Organizacja przewozów kolejowych. KOW, Warszawa 1999. 19. Ocena funkcjonowania rynku transportu kolejowego i stanu bezpieczeństwa ruchu kolejowego w 2014 roku, Urząd Transportu Kolejowego, Warszawa 22 września 2015. 20

. Prediction of urban traffic noise using artificial neutral network approach . Env. Eng. & Manag. J., 13(4), 817-826. Leeuwen H.V., 2003. The Sounds of Cars and Trucks or Road Traffic Noise , Traffic Noise –Traffic Technology International. Licitra G., & Ascari E., 2014. Gden: An indicator for European noise maps comparison and to support action plans . Science of the Total Environment, 482-483(1), 411-419. Öğüt K.S., & Kutluhan S., 2004. The Selection of Urban Pavement Type According to the Cardinal Approach , On Safe Roads in the XXI. Cent., Budapest, pp: 57