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Introduction This article explores the relationship between the implementation of a paywall and the editorial content profile in a local newspaper. As a possible solution to the current economic difficulties of the newspaper business, many newspapers have put their digital content behind paywalls, in the hope that their readers will pay for the content they consume. Many scholars have examined paywalls from an economic point of view, including topics such as strategies for charging for online news ( Stahl et al. 2004 ; Thurman & Herbert 2007 ; Greybeal & Hayes

REFERENCES: HARARI Y. N., (2018) 21 Lessons for the 21st Century, Penguin Books, London GRZESIAK M., (2017) Negative implication of post-truth and fake news toward personal brand development, Marketing I Rynek 12/2017, Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu w Dąbrowie Górniczej. BOESE A. , (2018), The Museum of hoaxes, Amber, Warsaw. BARCLAY D. A. (2018), Fake news, propaganda, and plain old lies: how to find trustworthy information in the digital age, Lanham, Maryland, The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc. JOURNELL W. (2019), Unpacking Fake News, An Educator

combination with the effect on the audience, for example the impact of political candidate photographs on voting attitudes ( Barrett & Barrington 2005 ) or the effectiveness of visual framing on several domains (for an overview see Fahmy & Neumann 2012 ). As visuals have become an important part of the news product, it has become equally important ‘to uncover the routines which help to create the visual news’ ( Lowrey 1999 :10). We aim to contribute to that goal by scrutinising decisions taken during the news picture selection process in the digitised newsroom: Which

. Malaga. Beam, R. (1995) ‘How newspapers use readership research’, Newspaper Research Journal , 16(2): 28-39. Boczkowski, P. (2005) Digitizing the News. Innovation in online newspapers , Cambridge: The MIT Press. Bordewijk, J. & van Kaam, B. (2002) ‘Towards a new classification of tele-information services’, in McQuail, D. (ed.) McQuail's Reader in Mass Communication Theory , pp. 113-133. Bolter, D. (1984) Turing’s Man: Western Culture in the Computer Age , Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Bucy, E. (2004) Second Generation Net News: Interactivity

References Anderson, C. W. (2013) Rebuilding the News: Metropolitan Journalism in the Digital Age , Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Barnhurst, Kevin G. & Nerone, John (2001) The Form of News: A History , New York: The Guilford Press. Björkroth, Tom & Grönlund, Mikko (2014) ‘The Growth of Leading Regional Newspapers’. Nordicom Review 35(1): 115-133. Bjørtuft, Jon (2005) Eierkonsentrasjon i avismarkedene , (Ownership Concentration in Newspaper Markets) Arbeidsnotat no. 63/05, Bergen: Norges Handelshøyskole. Braman, Sandra (2007) ‘The Ideal V. the Real

analysis. Methods such as machine learning can uncover relations between variables and measures that the human mind may not think to explore; moreover, these methods can learn individual preferences from online data to accommodate personalized messages. This implies that any form of information can be targeted at the individual, including commercial and political messages and even news. In today’s high-choice media environment, social media are becoming increasingly important to news distribution ( Krumsvik, 2017 ). Facebook stands out as the most-used social media

Introduction From the advent of the World Wide Web in the mid-1990s to the present, the breadth and depth of information easily available to individuals around the world with internet access exploded. The effects and implications of this proliferation of media choices are still developing and, from a democratic perspective, the plight of news in the modern media environment is of particular concern. Clearly, audience members today can tailor their media exposure to include more, less or different kinds of news. Thus far, scholars studying the relationship between

References Almgren, Susanne, & Olsson, Tobias (2015). “Let’s Get Them Involved’ . . . to Some Extent: Analyzing Online News Participation’. Social Media + Society 1(2):1-11. Bastos, Marco (2015). ‘Shares, Pins and Tweets’. Journalism Studies 16(3):305-325 Bergström, Annika (2008) ‘The Reluctant Audience: Online Participation in the Swedish Journalistic Context’. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture 5(2):60-79. Bergström, Annika, & Wadbring, Ingela (2015). ‘Beneficial yet crappy: Journalists and audiences on obstacles and opportunities in reader

References Boczkowski, P.J. (2004) Digitizing the News: Innovation in Online Newspapers . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Caldwell, J.T. (2008) Production Culture: Industrial Reflexivity and Critical Practice in Film and Television . Durham: Duke University Press. Christensen, C.M. (1997) The Innovator’s Dilemma . N.Y.: Harper Business Essentials. Christensen, C.M. & Overdorf, M. (2000) ‘Meeting the Challenge of Disruptive Change.’ Harvard Business Review, March-April. Dailey, L., Demo, L., & Spillman, M. (2003) ‘The Convergence Continuum: A Model for Studying

Introduction News automation has emerged in recent years as a technology with the potential to provide a new means of production for the news media industry. Recent developments in natural language generation (NLG), increased access to structured data and disruptions affecting the revenue model of the media landscape have created an environment in which automation is being considered for predictable news stories. Several international and national news organizations have begun producing news articles programmatically based on standardized data ( LeCompte, 2015