kaitse-eeskiri (vastu võetud 24.04.2006, muudetud, täiendatud, viimati jõustunud 01.04.2010). (Protection Rules of Järvselja NatureProtection Area). – Riigi Teataja [WWW document]. – URL https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/1020654?leiaKehtiv [Accessed 14 July 2015]. (In Estonian). Kaimre, P., Sirgmets, R. 2014. The Profitabilty Analysis of Private Forests Management in 2012. (Erametsade majandamise 2012. a kattetulu arvutamine ja analüüs). Estonian University of Life Sciences. (Eesti Maaülikool). [WWW document]. – URL http://www.eramets.ee/wp-content/uploads/2013
The State Forests -National Forest Holding protects, utilizes and shapes Poland’s public forests over an area exceeding 7.5 million hectares. Apart from these tasks, it undertakes the forestry education of the society. Today, about 1.5-2 million people benefit every year from the educational activities offered by the State Forests. These are mainly financed by the State Forests organisational units’ themselves. Nature protection is an essential aspect of the society’s forestry education. It should include both information about traditional values of nature protection and up to date ecological forest management. Existing references offer detailed information designed for groups of various ages who benefit from such an education. The provision of information about nature protection in forests highlights a number of challenges that have to be met, e.g. stereotypes in social awareness, unavoidable involvement of both foresters and teachers/counsellors, the tendency to concentrate on particular questions while discounting other ones, etc. The widely understood fundamentals of nature protection should be an important component of forestry education, because they can reduce the number of conflicts resulting from an insufficient social awareness of the aims, rules and methods of nature conservation in forests.
(…) and not to construct any fortification on the archipelago which may never be used for warlike purposes (article 9). Simultaneously, the treaty let Norway protect environment of the archipelago: Norway shall be free to maintain, take or decree suitable measures to ensure the preservation and, if necessary, the reconstruction of the fauna and flora (article 2 of the treaty). This short statement had given Norway a chance to omit the aforementioned limitations of the sovereignty in the areas (and waters) within areas and activities of natureprotection that could
Spruce bark beetle Ips typographus (L.) (Col.: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) outbreaks occur in managed and protected forests alike, but although known of for a long time, management and control of this insect is a controversial subject due to the forests’ diverse nature and protection status. In this paper, an overview of the bark beetle, conditions leading to outbreaks, natural enemies and the efficiency of control measures is presented and put into perspective with regards to the current controversies concerning outbreak management. The Białowieża Primeval Forest is central to this discussion, because the area remains divided into parts with different nature protection statuses. Ideas concerning the current but also future outbreak progress and possible issues with the management of natural resources in this area are presented.
Located in the south of Ural, Perm Krai, apart from mineral resources and well-developed industry, can boast vast areas that lend themselves to active and qualified tourism, with the quality of an amateur sport. The development of these forms of tourism often requires large expenditure needed for adjusting the space to various types of activity. It also requires a correlation between a given character of the space and the preferred form of tourism, which often leads to environmental conflicts between the development of tourism and nature protection. The article presents the most important elements of the tourism potential in Perm Krai, as well as the sports tourism development perspectives in the context of real and potential environmental conflicts.
it becomes a reality - a case study from the southwestern Alps, Landscape and Urban Planning 70)1-2), 85-95. Doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.006. Kušová, D., Těšitel, J., Bartoš, M. (2008). Biosphere reserves - An attempt to form sustainable landscapes. A case study of three biosphere reserves in the Czech Republic, Landscape and Urban Planning 84 (1), 38-51. Doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.06.006. Kušová, D., Těšitel, J., Matějka, K., Bartoš, M. (2005) NatureProtection and Socioeconomic Development in Selected Protected Landscape Areas. Ekológia (Bratislava
Despite the fact that only parts of the Białowieża Forest are protected as a national park and nature reserves, the forest is nevertheless as a whole considered a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site, Biosphere Reserve and an integrated Natura 2000 site. In the presently ongoing debate on the conservation priorities regarding the natural value of this forest and the current bark beetle outbreak, two distinct approaches can be recognized: (1) management assumed to involve considerable interference with the forest ecosystems; (2) maintenance of ecological processes and spontaneous restoration of the forest communities. The Białowieża Forest - especially its strictly protected parts - is a “bastion” where species characteristic of ancient forests (including so-called primeval forest relicts) have survived until today. This has been achieved by maintaining the forest’s complexity in areas with considerably reduced human influence, but most of all by maintaining a full spectrum of forest communities, naturally developing forests diverse in age, species composition and spatial structure including stand dieback and breakdown. The following factors need to be taken into account in the protection of the Natural Heritage Site: (1) the internationally recognized value of the Białowieża Forest including its biodiversity, the level of preservation of forest communities and the ongoing natural processes; (2) existing documents and policies concerning nature conservation; (3) research findings from the Białowieża Forest and other natural forest complexes. The key priority is to limit any activities in this forest to an indispensable minimum, mostly concerning security close to roads and tourist tracks as well as collection of fire wood by locals. Without this strict protection, successive and slow anthropogenic transformation will result in the Białowieża Forest sharing the same fate as other forest complexes of the temperate climate zone in Europe or America and lose its globally appreciated value.
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the possibilities of touristic development of the La Lopé National Park and to indicate the most important barriers and limitations of the area exploitation. For this purpose a SWOT method was applied. This assignment presents the situation as of the end of 2014. The majority of the up-to-date data was collected during the mission, the purpose of which was to observe the region, and which was organized by Université Omar Bongo in Libreville and Warsaw University. The La Lopé National Park has a significant touristic potential which is very poorly used. The diagnose of the reasons for that can be an indicator for attempts to rationally use the resources of the region and present an appropriate development strategy.
Results of faunistic research of aquatic Coleoptera in seven Natura 2000 Sites of Community Importance are presented in this paper. Altogether, 50 species were recorded. One species, Helochares (Helochares) punctatus Sharp, 1869, is recorded as new to the fauna of Slovakia. Three very rare species in Slovakia (Dryops similaris Bollow 1936, Limnius intermedius Fairmaire, 1881, and Hydraena excisa Kiesenwetter, 1849) were found at new sites. First faunistic records on aquatic Coleoptera from two important protected sites are presented. Furthermore, data on the occurrence of several species and on the water beetle diversity of partial river basins of Slovakia were considerably extended.