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physical planning ensure effective natureconservation? Przegląd przyrodniczy 14 (3-4): 19-40. Kistowski, M. (2004). Wybrane aspekty zarządzania ochroną przyrody w parkach krajobrazowych. Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe. Kowalczyk, A. (1996). Sustainable development and perspectives for development of tourism in rural areas in Poland. Miscellanea Geographica 7: 197-201. Leitner, A. & Wroblewski, A. (2002). Zwischen Wissenschaftlichkeitsstandard und Effizienzansprüchen. Experteninterviews in der Praxis der Arbeitsmarktevaluation. In: Liro, A. (1995). Koncepcja
The objective of this article is an analysis of ethnohistory of establishment of YUS conservation area in Papua New Guinea. Particular attention is devoted to the natives’ attitudes and expectations toward and from YUS conservation area. The article is based on the research, which the author conducted among the Nungonn ethnic group of the Morobe province. Attitudes and expectations are analyzed and interpreted on the basic survey executed among the Nungonns and via drawings made by the pupils of a local primary school in Yawan. Author argues that the natives dream for the kind of development, which is in a stark contrast to the conservators’ ideas of biodiversity protection.
Poland is a country rich in lignite. The area where the lignite occurs occupies approx. 22% of the total surface area of the country. Geological resources of Polish lignite deposits are estimated at 23.5 billion Mg, but in the majority (69%) the accuracy of their identification is poor. Nevertheless the amount of coal in Polish deposits allows - at least in theory - for mining and energy production at the current level for hundreds of years to come. It is an important raw material for the energy security of the country both currently and in the future. Because the vast majority of Polish and foreign mines use an open pit method for lignite extraction the actual amount of mineral available for the extraction depends not only on the properties of the deposit but to a large extent on the method of development of the surface land above the deposit, as well as on the sensitivity of the environment in the vicinity of any future mines. After careful analysis it can be stated that only a few of the lignite deposits may be subject to cost-effective mining operations. These deposits should be subjected to special protection as a future resource base which will ensure the energy security of the country. Some examples of domestic deposits have been presented where due to the conflict resulting from the development of the area should be deleted from the Balance Sheet of Mineral Deposits because their exploitation is irrational and uneconomic. Keeping such deposits in the Balance Sheet, and the use of large numbers in the context of their resource base leads to an unwarranted sense of wealth which consequently does not encourage the protection of these deposits which may actually be subject to rational exploitation in the near future. In summary there is a need to find a compromise in order to adequately protect all natural resources including mineral deposits.
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1 Introduction Poland has 23 national parks that occupy around 1% of the country’s territory. Pursuant to the provisions of the NatureConservation Act, Dz.U. 2004 nr 92 poz. 880, Ustawa z dnia 16 kwietnia 2004 r. o ochronie przyrody. national parks are priority nature reserves that should offer comprehensive protection to the natural resources within their boundaries. In practice, however, the majority of Polish national parks face numerous problems that adversely affect natureconservation goals, in particular the preservation of biological diversity. The
області видів плазунів, запропонованих до включення у третє видання Червоної книги України. Kurjachii, K. V., Tupikov, A. I. New information on Dione ratsnake (Elaphe dione Pallas, 1773) in Donetsk oblast // Ecological and natureconservation problems of industrial region: interag. coll. of scientific works / Ed. S. V. Bespalova. — Donetsk : DonNu, 2008. — 8. — P. С. 104–109. — Ukrainian: Курячий К. В., Тупиков А. И. Новые данные об узорчатом полозе (Elaphe dione Pallas, 1773) в Донецкой об-ласти. Kurjachii, K. V., Tupikov, A. I. Essay of herpetofauna of RLP