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Making a living: Grassroots development initiatives, natural resource management and institutional support in Galicia, Spain

. & Wilfing, H. (2007). Managing complex adaptive systems - A coevolutionary perspective on natural resource management. Ecological economics 63(1), 9-21. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.12.014. Sevilla Guzmán, E. & Martínez Alier, J. (2006). New rural social movements and agroecology. In Cloke, P., Marsden, T. & Mooney, P. H. (eds), Handbook of Rural Studies (pp. 472-483). London: Sage. Simón Fernández, X., (1995). Economía ecológica, agroecología y desarrollo rural sostenible. Agricultura y Sociedad 77, 199

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Disambiguating Praxis from Practice in Natural Resource Management: A Practical Space for Enhancing Experiential Learning in the Eastern Coast of Tanzania

reflective inquiry in practice, Reflective Practice, International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives , 13, 821-827. 22. Scheltinga D. M., Counihan R., Moss A., Cox M. and Bennet J., 2004 − User’s Guide to Estuarine, Coastal and Marine Indicators for Regional Natural Resource Management, Cooperative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management, Science Daily , October 2005, Retrieved on 15th January 2013 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005 23. Talbot F. and Wilkinson C., 2001 − Coral reefs, mangroves and sea-grasses: A source book

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Essibility Models for Natural Resource Management

Zimbabwe. Unpublished MSc thesis, ITC, Enschede, the Netherlands. Valenzuela, C.R. (1988). ILWIS overview. ITC Journal , 1988(1): 4 - 14. Zee, D.V.D. (1989). The importance of the spatial aspect in the evaluation of recreational resources in the landscape. Ekológia (CSSR), 8(2): 143-154. Zee, D.V.D. (2008). Accessibility models. Lecture note, Masters course in Natural Resource Management, Module 8: Scenarios and Modelling. ITC, Enschede, the Netherlands

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Ecosytem Services: A Rapid Assessment Method Tested at 35 Sites of the LTER-Europe Network

Abstract

The identification of parameters to monitor the ecosystem services delivered at a site is fundamental to the concept’s adoption as a useful policy instrument at local, national and international scales. In this paper we (i) describe the process of developing a rapid comprehensive ecosystem service assessment methodology and (ii) test the applicability of the protocol at 35 long-term research (LTER) sites across 14 countries in the LTER-Europe network (www.lter-europe.net) including marine, urban, agricultural, forest, desert and conservation sites. An assessment of probability of occurrence with estimated confidence score using 83 ecosystem service parameters was tested. The parameters were either specific services like food production or proxies such as human activities which were considered surrogates for cultural diversity and economic activity. This initial test of the ecosystem service parameter list revealed that the parameters tested were relatively easy to score by site managers with a high level of certainty (92% scored as either occurring or not occurring at the site with certainty of over 90%). Based on this assessment, we concluded that (i) this approach to operationalise the concept of ecosystem services is practical and applicable by many sectors of civil society as a first screen of the ecosystem services present at a site, (ii) this study has direct relevance to land management and policy decision makers as a transparent vehicle to focus testing scenarios and target data gathering, but (iii) further work beyond the scale investigated here is required to ensure global applicability.

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Adopting the Precautionary Principle in Designing and Managing Natura 2000 Areas (Exemplified by the Conservation of the Butterfly Maculinea Nausithous in a Rural Landscape North of Dresden (Saxony))

. The Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. Retrieved 2007, February, from http://www.bfn.de Cooney, R. (2004). The Precautionary Principle in Biodiversity Conservation and Natural Resource Management: An Issues Paper for Policy-makers, Researchers and Practitioners. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, pp 51. European Commission (2000). Communication on the Precautionary Principle. COM No.1/2000. GDENV (2000). Natura 2000. EU-General Direction Environment D2. Newsletter 11

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Local environmental NGO roles in biodiversity governance: a Czech-German comparison

Funds: Using a Multilevel Governance Framework to Examine the Application of the Partnership Principle at the Project Level. Regional Studies 48(8): 1434–1447. Reed MG (1997) The Provision of Environmental Goods and Services by Local Non-governmental Organizations: an Illustration form the Squamish Forest District, Canada. Journal of Rural Studies 13(2): 177–196. Reed MS, Graves A, Dandy N, Posthumus H, Hubacek K, Morris J, Prell Ch, Quinn C H, Stringer L C (2009) Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management

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Land Management Strategies and their Implications for Mazahua Farmers’ Livelihoods in the Highlands of Central Mexico

Abstract

This paper presents a case study from a Mazahua indigenous community in the rural Highlands of Central Mexico. It analyses Mazahua farming livelihoods characterised by subsistence agriculture, marginality, poverty and severe land degradation. Mazahua farmers face constrained environmental, socioeconomic and cultural conditions, which influence their local decisions on natural resource management. The results describe the capital assets base used, where land, livestock and crop production are imperative assets to support farmers’ livelihood strategies. It analyses local management practices to achieve livelihood outcomes in the short/long term, and to improve or undermine land characteristics and other related assets. It also presents a farmer typology constructed by local perceptions, a controversial element to drive sustainable development strategies at the local level. Finally, it discusses how local land management practices are adopted and their importance in developing alternatives to encourage positive trade-offs between conservation and production in order to improve rural livelihoods.

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Elevated bark temperature in unremoved stumps after disturbances facilitates multi-voltinism in Ips typographus population in a mountainous forest

Abstract

The number of Ips typographus generations developed in a year might be indicative of its population size and of risk to Norway spruce forests. Warm weather and unremoved fallen trees after natural disturbances are thought of as key factors initiating large population increase. We studied I. typographus development in a spruce forest of the Tatra National Park, which was heavily affected by large-scale disturbances in the last decade. Repeated windthrows and consequent bark beetle outbreaks have damaged almost 20,000 hectares of mature Norway spruce forests, what is a half of the National Park forest area. Current I. typographus population size and its response to the environment and to forestry defense measures attract attention of all stakeholders involved in natural resource management, including public. In this paper we analyse the potential I. typographus population size in two consecutive years 2014 and 2015, which represented a climatologically normal year and an extremely hot year, respectively. We used bark temperature and phenology models to estimate the number of generations developed in each year. In 2014, the average bark temperature of standing living trees at study sites was 14.5 °C, in 2015 it increased to 15.7 °C. The bark temperature of fallen logs was 17.7 °C in 2014, and 19.5 °C in 2015. The bark temperature of standing living trees allowed to develop one and two generations in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The elevated bark temperature of fallen logs allowed to develop two generations in 2014 and three generations in 2015. The good match between the predicted and observed timing of each generation emergence as well as the large increase in the number of catches in pheromone traps in 2015 indicated a dramatic increase of the I. typographus population in the extremely warm year, especially at the unmanaged windthrown site.

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Book Review

. Pasti, Vladimir. 2006. Noul capitalism românesc. Iași: Polirom. Poenaru, Florin. 2014. '‹More of the same›: Elections without choice in Romania.' Critic Atac, 27.10.2014. Pop-Elecheș, Grigore. 2009. From Economic Crisis to Reform. IMF Programs in Latin America and Eastern Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Prell, Christina, Klaus Hubacek, and Mark Reed. 2009. 'Stakeholder Analysis and Social Network Analysis in Natural Resource Management.' Society and Natural Resources 22: 501-518. Stoica

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The role of wetland management agencies within the local community in the conservation of wetlands in Uganda

Association for the Study of Common Property, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 10–14. GOU. 2010. National Development Plan (2010/11–2014/15) . Government of Uganda, Kampala, Uganda. Hara M., Turner S., Haller T., Matose F. 2009. Governance of the commons in southern Africa: knowledge, political economy and power. Development Southern Africa , 26, 4: 521–537. Hartter J., Ryan S.J. 2009. Top-down or bottom-up? Decentralization, natural resource management, and usufruct rights in the forests and wetlands in western Uganda. Land Use Policy , 27

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