Piotr Matuszak, Grzegorz Grodzicki, Tomasz Jankowski and Paweł Matlakiewicz
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8. Soszka H. Methodological problems related to the evaluation of eutrophication level in lakes for the purposes of designating nitrate vulnerable zones. Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie 2009; vol. 9 z. 1 (25):151-159.
9. Przymus P, Rykaczewski K., Wiśniewski R. Zebra mussels’ behaviour detection, extraction and classification using wavelets and kernel methods. Future Generation Computer Systems 2014; 33:81-89.
10. Przymus P, Rykaczewski K, Wiśniewski R. Application of Wavelets and Kernel Methods
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Govorin, I. A. 2009. The morphometric features of the marine gastropod Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) near the Ukrainian coast of the northwestern Black Sea. Mollusca, 27 (2), 137-141.
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S. V. Mezhzherin, L. M. Yanovich, E. I. Zhalay, L. A. Vasilieva and M. M. Pampura
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Lydeard, C., Mulvey, M., Davis, G. M. Molecular systematics and evolution of reproductive traits of North American freshwater unionacean mussels (Mollusca: Bivalvia) as inferred from 16S rRNA DNA sequences // Proceed
Stanislava Georgieva, Mona Stancheva and Lubomir Makedonski
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (HCB, DDT and its metabolites) and HCBD in mussels from Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) are aquatic organisms which are immobile so that the concentration of pollutants should primarily be considered as an indication of local levels of organochlorine compounds. Samples were collected from three areas of Black Sea coast of Bulgaria in summer 2015.
The fifteen congeners of PCBs, HCB, HCBD, DDT and its metabolites DDE and DDD were performed by gas chromatography system with mass spectrometry detection. The metabolites DDE and DDD were found in all analyzed mussel samples, but PCBs were not detected in any sample. DDE concentrations were found in mussels from 1.09 to 1.63 ng/g wet weight. In mussel total DDT concentrations (2.14 ng/g ww) were found comparable to those in mussels, sampled in 2013 and 2014 (1.87 ng/g ww).
The levels of DDTs and polychlorinated biphenyls in mussels from the Black Sea were found comparable to levels measured in the same molluscs from neighbor seas - Mediterranean Sea and Adriatic Sea.
Albena Merdzhanova, Diana A. Dobreva and Stanislava Georgieva
In recent years black mussels are one of the most commercially important species from the Bulgarian Black Sea. The marine mollusks are valuable healthy food, low in calories and fats and high in proteins. They are a major dietary source of fat soluble pigments - astaxanthin, carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). To our knowledge the information about the nutritional quality of mussels from the Bulgarian Black Sea waters, based on chemical composition, fat soluble pigments, cholesterol and PUFA content is very limited. The aim of the present study is to determine and compare protein, lipid, carbohydrate and energy values, fat soluble pigments, cholesterol and fatty acid composition in farmed mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from the Bulgarian northern and southern parts of the Black Sea coast. The mussel samples were analyzed for lipids (Bligh & Dyer method), crude proteins (Kjeldahl method), carbohydrates and moistures according to the AOAC (1990) methods. Fatty acids were analyzed by the GC-MS system. Fat soluble pigments and cholesterol were analyzed simultaneously by the RP-HPLC system. Lipid and protein content were found to be higher in mussels from the northern region. In accordance with the Commission Regulation (EC) No. 116/2010 all analyzed mussel samples can be classified as high in protein and low in fats and carbohydrates. The amount of cholesterol, contained in all mussel populations is significantly low, while the omega-3 (n-3) is significantly higher than the omega-6 PUFA. A portion of 100 g edible tissue provides 0.500 g more of the required amount of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6) n-3 PUFA according to EFSA (2012). It can be concluded that the studied mussel aquaculture in the Black Sea is beneficial food for the human health and it is advisable to be part of a proper or a preventive diet of Bulgarian consumers.
Ahsan, D. A., & Roth, E. V. A. (2010). Farmers' perceived risks and risk management strategies in an emerging mussel aquaculture industry in Denmark, Marine Resource Economics, 25(3), 309-323. https://doi.org/10.5950/0738-1360-25.3.309
Canu, D. M., & Solidoro, C. (2014). Socio-economic analysis and stakeholder involvement: Musselfarming in the Gulf of Trieste, Marine Policy, 43, 55-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.03.022
Central Baltic INTERREG IV A Programme 2007-2013. Search for Projects
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Bowman, M. F., Bailey, R. C. 1998. Upper pH tolerance limit of the Zebra Mussel ( Dreissena polymorpha ). Can. J. Zool. 76: 2119-2123.
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Jacques Bezuidenhout, Nicole Dames, Alfred Botha, Marina V. Frontasyeva, Zoya I. Goryainova and Dmitry Pavlov
 Saldanha Bay IDZ Feasibility Study. Wesgro; 2011. http://wesgro.co.za/docs/SBIDZ_Feasibility_Study_Report_Rev_1.pdf .
 State of Saldanha Bay and Langebaan Lagoon 2015 by the Saldanha Bay Water Quality Trust. Anchor Environment Consultant Report No. 1642/1. http://www.anchorenvironmental.co.za/Documents/Pdfs/ .
 Goldberg E. The mussel watch - a first step in global marine monitoring. Marine Pollut Bull. 1975;6,7:111-123. DOI: 10.1016/0025-326X(75)90271-4.
 Farrington JW, Goldberg ED, Risebrough RW, Martin JH, Bowen
). Physiological performance and general histology of the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L., from the Baltic and North seas. Neth. J. Sea Res ., (30), 11−21. DOI:10.1016/0077-7579(92)90041-C.
Glavić, N., Vlašić, M., Bolotin, J., Dupčić Radić, I., Hrustić, E., Kožul, V. & Antolović N. (2018). The size driven variations in physiological responses of the Bearded Horse Mussel Modiolus barbatus and the Noah’s Ark Shell Arca noae . Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sc ., 18, 1355−1362. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_12_03.
Hamer, B., Jakšić, Ž., Pavičić-Hamer, D., Perić, L., Medaković