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Exploring the Determinants of Transparency of Slovak Municipalities

. Moon, M. J. 2002. “The Evolution of e-Government among Municipalities: Rhetoric or Reality ?” Public Administration Review 62(4), 424 – 433. Mussa, A., P. Bebič and P. Durman. 2015. “Transparency and Openness in Local Governance: A Case of Croatian Cities.” HKJU – CCPA 15(2), 415 – 450. Nižňanský, V. (ed.). 2005. Decentralizácia na Slovensku: Bilancia nekonečného príbehu 1995 – 2005 . Bratislava: Považská tlačiareň. Norman, S. M., B. J. Avolio and F. Luthans. 2010. “The Impact of Positivity and Transparency on Trust in Leaders and their

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Social Capital, Well-Being and Municipality: Salaspils Municipality (Latvia) Case

References Almazan, S., Garcia, G. J.R. (2012). Are government internet portals involving towards more interaction, participation, and collaboration? Revisiting the rhetoric of e - government among municipalities. Government Information Quarterly, 29, 72-88. Bartolini, S. (2014). Manifesto for Happiness: Shifting Society from Money to Well-being. Pennsylvania University Press. Becchetti, L., Pelloni, A., Rossetti, F. (2008). Relational goods, sociability and happiness. Kyklos, 61, 343-363. Ben

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Municipality Size and Local Public Services: Do Economies of Scale Exist ?

som eksempel.” In J. Blom-Hansen, A. S. Norgaard, T. Pallesen (ed.). Politisk ukorrekt: Festskrift til Jorgen Gronnegard Christensen. Arhus Arhus Universitetsforlag, 260 - 274. Bodkin, Ronald G. and David W. Conklin. 1971. “Scale and other Determinants of Municipal Government Expenditures in Ontario: A Quantitative Analysis.” International Economic Review 12(3), 465 - 481. Bonisch, Peter, Peter Haug, Annette Illy, Annette and Lukas Schreier. 2011. “Municipality Size and Effi ciency of Local Public Services: Does Size Matter ?” IWH

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Legislative Ensure of Transfer of Competencies for Air Protection Carried out by a Municipality

References 1. Act No. 369/1990 Coll. on Municipalities, as amended 2. Act No. 372/1990 Coll. on Offences, as amended 3. Act No. 513/1991 Coll., Commercial Code, as amended 4. Act no. 460/1992 Coll., Constitution of the Slovak Republic, as amended by Constitutional Act no. 137/2017 Z. z. 5. Act No. 10/1996 Coll. on control in state administration, as amended Act No. 416/2001 Coll. on the transfer of certain competencies from state administration bodies to municipalities and higher

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Evaluation of Tax Incomes of Municipalities in Conditions of the Slovak and Czech Republics

References Arifi, A. & Ganiu, B. (2017). Local Fiscal Optimality in FYROM – the Case of Municipality of Tetovo. In Karasavvoglou, A. & Polychronidou, P. & Perdiki, F. (Eds.). Economies of Balkan and Eastern Europe Countries in the Changed World (EBEEC) (pp.42-58). Croatia: Split. doi: 10.18502/kss.v1i2.646 Bumbalová, M. & Balážová, E. (2014). Selected Issues of Enterprises with the Municipal Property Share. In Klímová, V., Žítek, V. (Eds.) 17th International Colloquium on Regional Sciences (pp. 504-510). Brno: Masaryk University doi: 10.5817/CZ

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Implementation of a Sustainable Logistic System Model for the Communal Waste Collection in the Municipality of Bitola (Macedonia)

References 1. Dukoski I., 2001 ‒ Maintenance of the motor vehicles - Logistics, Technical Faculty of Bitola, Bitola, Republic of Macedonia. 2. Dukoski I., 2005 ‒ Logistic systems, written lectures of post graduate scientific studies, Technical Faculty of Bitola, Republic of Macedonia. 3. Dukoski I. and Talevski N., 2011 ‒ Management with the communal waste in the Municipality of Bitola, Code of Technical Faculty, University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bitola, Republic of Macedonia. 4. Talevski N., 2010

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Property Tax and Quality of Life in the Czech Municipalities: Does the Policy of Raising Local Coefficient Imply Potential or Risk for Development?

References ALM, J. (2013). A Convenient Truth: Property Taxes and Revenue Stability. Cityscape, 15(1), 243-245. ARLTOVÁ, M., LANGHAMROVÁ, J. (2010). Migration and ageing of the population of the Czech Republic and the EU countries. Prague Economic Papers, 1, 54-73. AVELLANEDA, C., N. (2009). Mayoral Quality and Local Public Finance. Public Administration Review, 69(3), 469-486. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6210.2009.01993.x BEČICA, J. (2014). Czech Municipalities and Real Estate Tax. In. Sedmihradska, L

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Municipalities And Health – Citizens' Expectations About Local Health Policies

Summary

The aim of this study was to explore citizens' expectations about local health policies in order to create an adequate strategy. Local authorities in many countries place health in the core of their strategic planning aiming to create and improve a health-supporting social and physical environment, as they usually have primary responsibility for planning and/or delivering many of the services that are crucial to addressing the social determinants of health. Local health policies are created in consultation with local health services, NGOs and citizens. The survey was conducted among 400 citizens of Pleven Municipality. Of these, 335 (83.75%) responded to the invitation. Information on health problems and determinants of health was collected through a direct inquiry survey. The majority of citizens considered the impact of environmental, educational, cultural and economic factors as well as public security on their health. They expected that more purposeful efforts of the local authorities be directed for improving living conditions and inequalities in health. The citizens are willing to work together with municipalities to create health policies, which reduce negative factors and increase positive ones. They are aware that local policies and decisions have a very significant impact on the economic, social and environmental factors affecting health and well-being and therefore municipalities play a key role in improving and protecting the health of their citizens.

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Evaluation of financial performance of contributory organizations under the jurisdiction of municipalities

Public administration reform has brought about, inter alia, the change of financing of original and delegated competences for municipalities. In this context, the conditions for economy of local government have changed, while the pressure was put on municipalities to make more efficient use of their property to receive the greatest possible benefit in terms of economic, social and territorial development. A municipality can manage its own property, but it can also entrust it to the budgetary and contributory organizations. The Act no. 138/1991 Coll. indicates that the municipal authorities and organizations are required to manage municipal property in favour of development of municipalities and their citizens, and protection and creation of the environment. One of the possibilities for increasing the efficiency of property use is also financial analysis, eventually economic analysis. Analysis usually results in practical useful knowledge, creating the foundation for an objective definition of relevant conditions (factors) for the future capital appreciation in municipalities. The aim of this paper is to evaluate financial performance of contributory organizations under the jurisdiction of municipalities with help of selected indicators.

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The Discussion of Possible Savings based on the Efficiency Argument in the Smallest Municipalities? The Case Study of the Vysočina Region

Abstract

The unique municipality structure in the Czech Republic is one of the most interesting research topics in the Czech political space. The large number of municipalities with less than 1,000 or less than 500 inhabitants causes differences between Czech municipalities. There are differences in economic factors, differences in the development of municipalities, among other. All of these differences are discussed by experts, researchers and politicians in term of the efficiency of the smallest municipalities. The term ‘efficiency’ is used as the benchmark for a successful or an unsuccessful government. This research evaluates the argument of efficiency presented by Deborah Stone (2002). This argument was applied to the case of Kraj Vysočina, one of the regions with the largest number of the smallest municipalities in the Czech Republic. We analysed the selected argument of efficiency – economies of scale. Based on our quantitative analysis we have confirmed that evaluating municipalities through the prism of the economies of scale argument is not a good measurement of the efficiency of municipal government. The argument of efficiency is more complex and we cannot view it only in economics terms.

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